Hoang et al v. Reunion.com Inc

Filing 73

ORDER RE: PLAINTIFFS' MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION; SETTING DEADLINE FOR PLAINTIFFS TO FILE SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT; CONTINUING CASE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE. Plaintiffs are afforded leave to file a Second Amended Complaint no later than May 29, 200 9. The Case Management Conference is continued from May 22, 2009 to July 10, 2009; a Joint Case Management Statement shall be filed no later than July 2, 2009. Signed by Judge Maxine M. Chesney on May 14, 2009. (mmclc1, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 5/14/2009)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 On January 15, 2009, plaintiffs filed a Motion for Leave to File a Motion for Reconsideration. By order filed March 11, 2009, the Court granted the motion for leave, construed the motion filed January 15, 2009 as plaintiffs' motion for reconsideration, and afforded the parties leave to file supplemental briefing. 1 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA VIOLETTA HOANG, et al., Plaintiffs, v. REUNION.COM, INC., Defendant / No. C-08-3518 MMC ORDER RE: PLAINTIFFS' MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION; SETTING DEADLINE FOR PLAINTIFFS TO FILE SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT; CONTINUING CASE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE United States District Court Before the Court is plaintiffs' Supplemental Brief in Support of Motion for Reconsideration, filed March 27, 2009, and defendants' Supplemental Brief in Opposition thereto.1 Having read and considered the parties' respective submissions, the Court rules as follows. Plaintiffs seek reconsideration of the Court's December 23, 2008 order granting defendant's motion to dismiss plaintiffs' First Amended Complaint ("FAC"), by which plaintiffs allege claims under 17529.5(a) of the California Business & Professions Code. In said order, the Court found plaintiffs' claims under 17529.5(a) were, as pleaded in the FAC, subject to dismissal in light of 15 U.S.C. 7707(b)(1), which preempts certain state 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 statutes regulating commercial emails; in particular, the Court found plaintiffs failed to allege they had incurred an injury or injuries as a result of defendant's alleged false statements. Alternatively, the Court found that if, as plaintiffs had argued, 7707(b)(1) does not itself preempt a claim under 17529.5(a), plaintiffs nevertheless were required to allege they had incurred an injury caused by a violation of 17529.5(a) in order to have standing to assert claims thereunder. Consequently, the Court dismissed the complaint, but afforded plaintiffs leave to file a Second Amended Complaint ("SAC"). In their supplemental brief in support of their motion for reconsideration, plaintiffs "agree that they must allege injury to have Article III standing" (see Pls.' Supp. Brief at 1:11), but argue that the filing of a SAC is unnecessary because the Court can infer from the FAC that each plaintiff was injured by the email(s) he or she allegedly received from defendant and that such injury was casually related to defendant's alleged violations of 17529.5(a). Contrary to plaintiffs' argument, however, the Court finds such inferences cannot fairly be drawn from the FAC. The FAC includes no implicit allegation, for example, that any plaintiff expended any appreciable amount of time to read and then delete the email(s); indeed, the FAC is completely silent as to whether any plaintiff even opened the subject email(s). Moreover, with respect to plaintiffs' request for injunctive relief, the FAC does not include sufficient factual allegations from which it can be reasonably inferred that any plaintiff is subject to a "real and immediate threat of repeated injury" by defendant. See, e.g., D'Lil v. Best Western Encina Lodge & Suites, 538 F.3d 1031, 1036-39 (9th Cir. 2008) (holding, for purposes of standing in "context of a suit for injunctive relief," to satisfy Lujan's requirement of "actual or imminent" injury, plaintiff "must establish a real and immediate threat of repeated injury") (internal quotations and citations omitted). Accordingly, the Court hereby DENIES plaintiffs' motion for reconsideration. As defendant has not shown further amendment would be futile, and as it appears plaintiffs may be able to amend to allege a cognizable injury or injuries, plaintiffs are hereby afforded leave to file a Second Amended Complaint no later than May 29, 2009. Finally, because the pleadings remain unsettled, the Court hereby CONTINUES the 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Case Management Conference from May 22, 2009 to July 10, 2009. A Joint Case Management Statement shall be filed no later than July 2, 2009. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: May 14, 2009 MAXINE M. CHESNEY United States District Judge 3

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