Lancaster v. Curry

Filing 3

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE. The Clerk shall serve by certified mail a copy of this order and the petition, along with the exhibits lodged in support thereof, upon respondent and respondent's counsel, the Attorney General for the State of California. Re spondent shall file with the Court and serve on petitoner, within ninety (90) days of the date this order is filed, an answer conforming in all repects to Rule 5 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, showing why a writ of habeas corpus should not be granted based on petitioner's cognizable claims. IT IS SO ORDERED. Signed by Judge Maxine M. Chesney on March 16, 2009. (mmcsec, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/16/2009) Modified on 3/17/2009 (aaa, Court Staff).

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA DAVID GENE LANCASTER, ) ) Petitioner, ) ) v. ) ) BEN CURRY, Warden, ) ) Respondent. ) ______________________________ ) No. C 08-5334 MMC (PR) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 On November 25, 2008, petitioner, a California prisoner incarcerated at the Correctional Training Facility at Soledad, California, and proceeding pro se, filed the abovetitled petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254, challenging the denial of parole by the California Board of Parole Hearings ("Board"). Petitioner has paid the filing fee. BACKGROUND In 1991, in the Superior Court of San Joaquin County, petitioner was convicted of second degree murder. He was sentenced to a term of fifteen years to life in state prison. On March 28, 2007, the Board, for the fourth time, found petitioner unsuitable for parole. On August 20, 2008, the California Supreme Court denied petitioner's state habeas corpus petition challenging the Board's decision. DISCUSSION A. Standard of Review This Court may entertain a petition for a writ of habeas corpus "in behalf of a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. 2254(a); Rose v. Hodges, 423 U.S. 19, 21 (1975). A district court shall "award the writ or issue an order directing the respondent to show cause why the writ should not be granted, unless it appears from the application that the applicant or person detained is not entitled thereto." 28 U.S.C. 2243. Summary dismissal is appropriate only where the allegations in the petition are vague or conclusory, palpably incredible, or patently frivolous or false. See Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d 490, 491 (9th Cir. 1990) (quoting Blackledge v. Allison, 431 U.S. 63, 75-76 (1977)). B. Petitioner's Claims Petitioner claims the following: (1) the Board's decision violated his federal constitutional right to equal protection of the laws because he has been treated differently than other similarly-situated prisoners who have been granted parole; (2) the Board's decision violated his federal constitutional right to due process because the Board, by failing to set petitioner's release date in accordance with state parole statutes, has extended his sentence beyond the maximum term of punishment allowable under state law; and (3) the Board's decision violated his federal constitutional right to due process because the determination that petitioner's release would pose an unreasonable risk to public safety was not supported by some evidence. Liberally construed, petitioner's claims are cognizable. CONCLUSION For the reasons stated above, the Court orders as follows: 1. The Clerk shall serve by certified mail a copy of this order and the petition, along with the exhibits lodged in support thereof, upon respondent and respondent's counsel, the Attorney General for the State of California. The Clerk shall also serve a copy of this order on petitioner. 2. Respondent shall file with the Court and serve on petitioner, within ninety (90) days of the date this order is filed, an answer conforming in all respects to Rule 5 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, showing cause why a writ of habeas corpus should not be granted based on petitioner's cognizable claims. Respondent shall file with the answer 2 United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 and serve on petitioner a copy of all portions of the state trial record that have been transcribed previously and that are relevant to a determination of the issues presented by the petition. If petitioner wishes to respond to the answer, he shall do so by filing a traverse with the Court and serving it on respondent within thirty (30) days of the date the answer is filed. 3. In lieu of an answer, respondent may file, within ninety (90) days of the date this order is filed, a motion to dismiss on procedural grounds, as set forth in the Advisory Committee Notes to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. If respondent files such a motion, petitioner shall file with the Court and serve on respondent an opposition or statement of non-opposition within thirty (30) days of the date the motion is filed, and respondent shall file with the Court and serve on petitioner a reply within fifteen (15) days of the date any opposition is filed. 4. Petitioner is reminded that all communications with the Court must be served on respondent by mailing a true copy of the document to respondent's counsel. 5. It is petitioner's responsibility to prosecute this case. Petitioner must keep the Court and respondent informed of any change of address and must comply with the Court's orders in a timely fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). 6. Upon a showing of good cause, requests for a reasonable extension of time will be granted as long as they are filed on or before the deadline they seek to extend. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: March 16, 2009 _________________________ MAXINE M. CHESNEY United States District Judge United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?