Gay v. Cate

Filing 24

ORDER by Judge William Alsup denying 21 Motion ; denying 22 Motion for Preliminary Injunction; denying 23 Motion to Appoint Counsel (Attachments: # 1 Certificate of Service) (dt, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 10/28/2011)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 8 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 OMAR SHARRIEFF GAY, Plaintiff, 12 15 16 ORDER OF SERVICE; DENYING MOTIONS FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL AND FOR IMMEDIATE INJUNCTIVE RELIEF v. 13 14 No. C 10-1314 WHA (PR) MATTHEW CATE, Director; A. HEDGEPETH, Warden; J. WALKER; Chief Health Program Manager; K. WALL, Health Care Manager; M. SEPULVEDA, Chief Medical Officer; DR. D. JARDINI; (Docket Nos. 21-23) Defendants. 17 / 18 INTRODUCTION 19 Plaintiff, a California prisoner proceeding pro se, has filed a civil rights complaint under 20 21 42 U.S.C. 1983. He has filed an amended complaint. ANALYSIS 22 23 A. STANDARD OF REVIEW 24 Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners seek 25 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 26 § 1915A(a). In its review the court must identify any cognizable claims, and dismiss any claims 27 which are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek 28 monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. Id. at 1915A(b)(1),(2). Pro 1 se pleadings must be liberally construed. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 2 (9th Cir. 1990). 3 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only “a short and plain statement of the 4 claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” “Specific facts are not necessary; the 5 statement need only” give the “defendant fair notice of what the . . . . claim is and the grounds 6 upon which it rests.” Erickson v. Pardus, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 (2007) (citations omitted). 7 Although in order to state a claim a complaint “does not need detailed factual allegations, . . . a 8 plaintiff's obligation to provide the 'grounds of his 'entitle[ment] to relief' requires more than 9 labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. . . . Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 level." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007) (citations omitted). A 12 complaint must proffer "enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face." Id. 13 at 1986-87. 14 To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: 15 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) 16 that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. 17 West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 18 B. 19 LEGAL CLAIMS In his amended complaint, plaintiff alleges that he suffers from a medical condition that 20 makes him chronically incontinent. He is vulnerable to attacks from his cellmates who get 21 angry at his inability to control his urinary and bowel functions. He alleges that defendants 22 have denied his requests for “single cell” status, which would allow him to have a cell to 23 himself, and left him exposed to attacks from other inmates. Plaintiff claims that defendants 24 have thereby violated his rights under the Eighth Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause. 25 C. 26 MOTIONS Plaintiff has filed motions for a temporary restraining order (“TRO”) and preliminary 27 injunctive relief. Prior to granting a preliminary injunction, notice to the adverse party is 28 required. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(a)(1). A TRO may be granted without written or oral notice to 2 1 the adverse party or that party's attorney only if: (1) it clearly appears from specific facts shown 2 by affidavit or by the verified complaint that immediate and irreparable injury, loss or damage 3 will result to the applicant before the adverse party or the party's attorney can be heard in 4 opposition, and (2) the applicant's attorney certifies in writing the efforts, if any, which have 5 been made to give notice and the reasons supporting the claim that notice should not be 6 required. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(b). Plaintiff has neither notified the defendants of his request 7 for a TRO nor submitted the required certification of his efforts to do so and why they have 8 failed. Accordingly, his motions will be denied. counsel in a civil case. Lassiter v. Dep't of Social Services, 452 U.S. 18, 25 (1981). 28 U.S.C. 11 For the Northern District of California Plaintiff has also applied for appointment of counsel. There is no constitutional right to 10 United States District Court 9 § 1915 confers on a district court only the power to "request" that counsel represent a litigant 12 who is proceeding in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). This does not give the courts the 13 power to make "coercive appointments of counsel." Mallard v. United States Dist. Court, 490 14 U.S. 296, 310 (1989). In short, the Court has only the power to ask pro bono counsel to 15 represent plaintiff, not the power to “appoint” counsel. Plaintiff is capable of presenting his 16 claims effectively, and the issues, at least at this stage, are not complex. Consequently, his 17 motion will be denied. CONCLUSION 18 19 1. The clerk shall issue summons and the United States Marshal shall serve, without 20 prepayment of fees, a copy of the amended complaint in this matter and copies of this order 21 upon defendants MATTHEW CATE, Director, at the Department of Corrections and 22 Rehabilitation in Sacramento, California, and A. HEDGEPETH, Warden; J. WALKER; 23 Chief Health Program Manager; K. WALL, Health Care Manager; M. SEPULVEDA, 24 Chief Medical Officer; and Dr. D. JARDINI, at Salinas Valley State Prison. A courtesy 25 copy of the amended complaint and this order shall also be mailed to the California Attorney 26 General’s Office. 27 28 2. In order to expedite the resolution of this case: a. No later than ninety days from the date this order is filed, defendants shall file 3 1 a motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion. If defendants are of the opinion 2 that this case cannot be resolved by summary judgment, they shall so inform the court prior to 3 the date the summary judgment motion is due. All papers filed with the court shall be promptly 4 served on the plaintiff. 5 b. Plaintiff's opposition to the dispositive motion, if any, shall be filed with the 6 court and served upon defendants no later than thirty days from the date the motion is filed. 7 Plaintiff must read the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING,” which is provided to 8 him pursuant to Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 953-954 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc), and 9 Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th Cir. 1988). If defendants file an unenumerated motion to dismiss claiming that plaintiff failed to 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 exhaust his available administrative remedies as required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), plaintiff 12 should take note of the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING (EXHAUSTION),” 13 which is provided to him as required by Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120 n. 4 (9th Cir.), 14 cert. denied, Alameida v. Wyatt, 124 S.Ct 50 (2003). 15 16 17 18 19 c. Defendants shall file a reply brief no later than fifteen days after the date the opposition is filed. d. The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is due. No hearing will be held on the motion unless the court so orders at a later date. 3. All communications by the plaintiff with the court must be served on defendant, or 20 defendant’s counsel once counsel has been designated, by mailing a true copy of the document 21 to defendant or defendant’s counsel. 22 4. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 23 No further court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) or Local Rule 16-1 is 24 required before the parties may conduct discovery. 25 5. It is the plaintiff's responsibility to prosecute this case. Plaintiff must keep the court 26 informed of any change of address and must comply with the court's orders in a timely fashion. 27 Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant to 28 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). 4 1 2 3 6. Plaintiff’s motions for a TRO and for appointment of counsel (docket numbers 2123) are DENIED. IT IS SO ORDERED. 4 Dated: October 26 , 2011. 5 WILLIAM ALSUP UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 6 7 8 9 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 12 13 14 15 16 G:\PRO-SE\WHA\CR.10\GAY1314.SRV.wpd 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5 1 NOTICE -- WARNING 2 (SUMMARY JUDGMENT) 3 If defendants move for summary judgment, they are seeking to have your case 4 dismissed. A motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil 5 Procedure will, if granted, end your case. 6 Rule 56 tells you what you must do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. fact--that is, if there is no real dispute about any fact that would affect the result of your case, 9 the party who asked for summary judgment is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which 10 will end your case. When a party you are suing makes a motion for summary judgment that is 11 For the Northern District of California Generally, summary judgment must be granted when there is no genuine issue of material 8 United States District Court 7 properly supported by declarations (or other sworn testimony), you cannot simply rely on what 12 your complaint says. Instead, you must set out specific facts in declarations, depositions, 13 answers to interrogatories, or authenticated documents, as provided in Rule 56(e), that 14 contradict the facts shown in the defendant's declarations and documents and show that there is 15 a genuine issue of material fact for trial. If you do not submit your own evidence in opposition, 16 summary judgment, if appropriate, may be entered against you. If summary judgment is 17 granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. 18 NOTICE -- WARNING 19 (EXHAUSTION) 20 21 22 If defendants file an unenumerated motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. If the motion is granted it will end your case. You have the right to present any evidence you may have which tends to show that you 23 did exhaust your administrative remedies. Such evidence may be in the form of declarations 24 (statements signed under penalty of perjury) or authenticated documents, that is, documents 25 accompanied by a declaration showing where they came from and why they are authentic, or 26 other sworn papers, such as answers to interrogatories or depositions. 27 28 If defendants file a motion to dismiss and it is granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. 6

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