Morris v. Evans et al

Filing 5

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE RE.CONTEMPLATED DISMISSAL (SI, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/9/2011)

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Morris v. Evans et al Doc. 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LEON EUGENE MORRIS, 9 10 v. M.S. EVANS, Warden; et al., / Leon Eugene Morris, an inmate currently at the California State Prison - Sacramento, has filed this civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. 1983 and applied to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915. A prisoner may not bring a civil action in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. 1915 "if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). Section 1915(g) requires that this court consider prisoner actions dismissed before, as well as after, the statute's 1996 enactment. Tierney v. Kupers, 128 F.3d 1310, 1311-12 (9th Cir. 1997). For purposes of a dismissal that may be counted under 1915(g), the phrase "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted" parallels the language of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) and carries the same interpretation, the word "frivolous" refers to a case that is "'of little weight or importance: having no basis in law or fact,'" and the word "malicious" refers to a case "filed with the 'intention or desire to harm another.'" Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d Plaintiff, No. C 10-4010 SI (pr) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE RE. CONTEMPLATED DISMISSAL UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Dockets.Justia.com 1 1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2005) (citation omitted). Only cases within one of these three categories 2 can be counted as strikes for 1915(g) purposes, so the mere fact that Morris has filed many 3 cases does not alone warrant dismissal under 1915(g). See id. Rather, dismissal of an action 4 under 1915(g) should only occur when, "after careful evaluation of the order dismissing an 5 [earlier] action, and other relevant information, the district court determines that the action was 6 dismissed because it was frivolous, malicious or failed to state a claim." Id. 7 Andrews requires that the prisoner be given notice of the potential applicability of 8 1915(g), by either the district court or the defendants, but also requires the prisoner to bear the 9 ultimate burden of persuasion that 1915(g) does not bar pauper status for him. Id. Andrews 10 implicitly allows the court to sua sponte raise the 1915(g) problem, but requires the court to United States District Court 11 notify the prisoner of the earlier dismissals it considers to support a 1915(g) dismissal and For the Northern District of California 12 allow the prisoner an opportunity to be heard on the matter before dismissing the action. See 13 id. at 1120. A dismissal under 1915(g) means that a prisoner cannot proceed with his action 14 as a pauper under 1915(g), but he still may pursue his claims if he pays the full filing fee at the 15 outset of the action. 16 A review of the dismissal orders in plaintiff's prior prisoner actions and appeals reveals 17 that he has had at least three such actions or appeals dismissed on the grounds that they were 18 frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See Morris v. 19 Duncan, No. C 02-0928 MJJ (PR) (N.D.Cal. May 3, 2002) (dismissal for failure to state a 20 cognizable claim for relief); Morris v. Silvers, No. C 98-1381 BTM (LAB) (S.D.Cal. Sep. 15, 21 1998) (dismissed for lack of jurisdiction); Morris v. Lushia, No. C 00-55330 (9th Cir. Mar. 27, 22 2000) (dismissed for lack of jurisdiction). Several years ago, the court decided that Morris was 23 subject to 1915(g) based on these three dismissals, see Morris v. Woodford, No. 07-4198 MJJ, 24 and the appeal from that decision was dismissed. 25 In light of these dismissals, and because Morris does not appear to be under imminent 26 danger of serious physical injury, he is ORDERED TO SHOW CAUSE in writing filed no later 27 than April 15, 2011 why in forma pauperis should not be denied and this action should not be 28 2 1 dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). In the alternative to showing cause why each action 2 should not be dismissed, Morris may avoid dismissal by paying the full $350.00 filing fee by the 3 deadline. 4 IT IS SO ORDERED. _____________________ SUSAN ILLSTON United States District Judge 5 Dated: March 9, 2011 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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