Young v. County of Contra Costa Office of the Sheriff et al

Filing 5

ORDER OF DISMISSAL. Signed by Judge Charles R. Breyer on 3/24/2011. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate of Service)(beS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/28/2011)

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Young v. County of Contra Costa Office of the Sheriff et al Doc. 5 1 2 3 4 5 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 DONNELL YOUNG, 9 Plaintiff(s), 10 vs. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 A. Standard of Review Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners seek redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 1915A(a). The court must identify cognizable claims or dismiss the complaint, or any portion of the complaint, if the complaint "is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be Plaintiff, a pre-trial detainee at the Contra Costa County Jail, has filed a pro se complaint under 42 U.S.C. 1983 alleging various wrongdoing in connection with his ongoing state criminal proceedings. Among other things, plaintiff alleges ineffective assistance of counsel and judicial misconduct. Plaintiff seeks injunctive relief and leave to proceed in forma pauperis (IFP) under 28 U.S.C. 1915. Based solely on plaintiff's affidavit of poverty, the application to proceed IFP (docket # 2 & 4) is granted. DISCUSSION COUNTY OF CONTRA COSTA OFFICE OF THE SHERIFF, et al., Defendant(s). ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. C 11-0997 CRB (PR) ORDER OF DISMISSAL (Docket # 2 & 4) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 granted," or "seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." Id. 1915A(b). Pro se pleadings must be liberally construed. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1990). To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. 1983, a plaintiff must allege two elements: (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). B. Legal Claims The court must abstain and dismiss plaintiff's request for injunctive relief because it is well-settled that a federal court may not interfere with ongoing state criminal proceedings by granting injunctive or declaratory relief. See Younger v. Harris, 401 U.S. 37, 43-54 (1971). There may be an exception to Younger abstention upon a showing of the state's bad faith or harassment, or a showing that the statute challenged is "flagrantly and patently violative of express constitutional prohibitions," id. at 46, 53-54; however, there is no such showing or indication here. Plaintiff's request for injunctive relief must be dismissed. See Juidice v. Vail, 430 U.S. 327, 348 (1977) (district court must dismiss action for declaratory or injunctive relief if it finds that Younger abstention is appropriate); Beltran v. California, 871 F.2d 777, 782 (9th Cir. 1988) (same). CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, the case is DISMISSED under the authority of 28 U.S.C. 1915A(b). The clerk is instructed to enter judgment in accordance with this order and close the file. SO ORDERED. DATED: March 24, 2011 CHARLES R. BREYER United States District Judge G:\PRO-SE\CRB\CR.11\Young, D1.dismissal.wpd 27 28 2

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