Cabrera v. Dee et al

Filing 7

ORDER OF SERVICE. Signed by Judge JEFFREY S. WHITE on 10/26/11. (jjoS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 10/26/2011)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 11 12 13 14 EDIBERTO CABRERA, ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) v. ) ) ) OFFICER DEE, et al., ) ) Defendants. __________________________________ ) No. C 11-2676 JSW (PR) ORDER OF SERVICE 15 INTRODUCTION 16 Plaintiff, an inmate at the Santa Clara County Jail proceeding pro se, filed this 17 rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. He has filed an amended complaint. The 18 Court now reviews the amended complaint and orders it served upon the defendants. 19 DISCUSSION 20 I. Standard of Review 21 Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners 22 seek redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 23 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must identify cognizable claims or dismiss any portion 24 of the complaint, if the complaint “is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon 25 which relief may be granted,” or “seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune 26 from such relief.” Id. § 1915A(b). Pro se pleadings must be liberally construed. 27 Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1990). 28 1 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only "a short and plain statement 2 of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." "Specific facts are not 3 necessary; the statement need only '"give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . . claim 4 is and the grounds upon which it rests."'" Erickson v. Pardus, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 5 (2007) (citations omitted). Although in order to state a claim a complaint “does not need 6 detailed factual allegations, . . . a plaintiff's obligation to provide the 'grounds of his 7 'entitle[ment] to relief' requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic 8 recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. . . . Factual allegations must 9 be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. 10 Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007) (citations omitted). A complaint must proffer 11 "enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face." Id. at 1974. Pro se 12 pleadings must be liberally construed. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 13 699 (9th Cir. 1990). 14 To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two elements: 15 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and 16 (2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of state 17 law. West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 18 II. 19 Legal Claims Plaintiff alleges that he was placed in “protective custody” at the Santa Clara 20 County Jail without a hearing or any opportunity to present evidence why he should not 21 be placed there. He alleges that while in protective custody, he is not allowed out of is 22 cell. When liberally construed, his allegations state a cognizable claim for the violation 23 of his right to due process. See Valdez v. Rosenbaum, 302 F.3d 1039, 1044 n.3 (9th Cir. 24 2002); see also Sandin v. Conner, 515 U.S. 472, 484-88 (1995). 25 26 CONCLUSION 1. The Clerk of the Court shall issue summons and the United States Marshal 27 shall serve, without prepayment of fees, a copy of the Amended Complaint and all 28 attachments thereto, and a copy of this order upon Defendants: Officer Dee, Officer 1 Diagre, Officer Dennis Gillote; Sheriff Laurie Smith of the Santa Clara County 2 Sheriff’s Department and located at the Santa Clara County Jail. 3 4 The Clerk shall also mail a courtesy copy of the complaint and this order to the County Counsel’s Office of Santa Clara County. 5 The Clerk shall also serve a copy of this order on Plaintiff. 6 2. In order to expedite the resolution of this case, the Court orders as follows: 7 a. No later than ninety (90) days from the date this order is filed, 8 Defendants shall either file a motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion, 9 or a notice to the Court that they are of the opinion that this matter cannot be resolved by 10 dispositive motion. The motion shall be supported by adequate factual documentation 11 and shall conform in all respects to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56. 12 Defendants are advised that summary judgment cannot be granted, nor 13 qualified immunity found, if material facts are in dispute. If defendants are of the 14 opinion that this case cannot be resolved by summary judgment, they shall so 15 inform the Court prior to the date the summary judgment motion is due. 16 All papers filed with the Court shall be promptly served on the Plaintiff. 17 b. Plaintiff's opposition to the dispositive motion, if any, shall be filed with 18 the court and served upon defendants no later than thirty days from the date of service of 19 the motion. Plaintiff must read the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING,” 20 which is provided to him pursuant to Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 953-954 (9th Cir. 21 1998) (en banc), and Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th Cir. 1988). 22 If defendants file an unenumerated motion to dismiss claiming that plaintiff failed 23 to exhaust his available administrative remedies as required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), 24 plaintiff should take note of the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING 25 (EXHAUSTION).” See Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120 n. 4 (9th Cir. 2003) 26 27 28 c. Defendants shall file a reply brief no later than fifteen (15) days after Plaintiff's opposition is filed. d. The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is 1 2 due. No hearing will be held on the motion unless the Court so orders at a later date. 4. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil 3 Procedure. No further Court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) or 4 Local Rule 16 is required before the parties may conduct discovery. 5 5. Extensions of time are not favored, though reasonable extensions will be 6 granted. Any motion for an extension of time must be filed no later than five days prior 7 to the deadline sought to be extended. 8 6. All communications by Plaintiff with the Court must be served on Defendant, 9 or Defendant’s counsel once counsel has been designated, by mailing a true copy of the 10 11 document to Defendant or Defendant’s counsel. 7. It is Plaintiff’s responsibility to prosecute this case. Plaintiff must keep the 12 Court informed of any change of address and must comply with the Court’s orders in a 13 timely fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to 14 prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). 15 16 IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: October 26, 2011 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JEFFREY S. WHITE United States District Judge 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 FOR THE 3 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 4 5 EDEBERTO CABRERA, Case Number: CV11-02676 JSW 6 Plaintiff, CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE 7 v. 8 OFC DEE et al, 9 Defendant. 10 11 12 13 14 / I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I am an employee in the Office of the Clerk, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. That on October 26, 2011, I SERVED a true and correct copy(ies) of the attached, by placing said copy(ies) in a postage paid envelope addressed to the person(s) hereinafter listed, by depositing said envelope in the U.S. Mail, or by placing said copy(ies) into an inter-office delivery receptacle located in the Clerk's office. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Ediberto Cabrera 885 N. San Pedro Street DTY 532 07048290 San Jose, CA 95110 Dated: October 26, 2011 Richard W. Wieking, Clerk By: Jennifer Ottolini, Deputy Clerk 1 2 NOTICE -- WARNING (SUMMARY JUDGMENT) If defendants move for summary judgment, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. 3 A motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure will, if 4 granted, end your case. 5 Rule 56 tells you what you must do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. 6 Generally, summary judgment must be granted when there is no genuine issue of material 7 fact--that is, if there is no real dispute about any fact that would affect the result of your case, the 8 party who asked for summary judgment is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which will 9 end your case. When a party you are suing makes a motion for summary judgment that is 10 properly supported by declarations (or other sworn testimony), you cannot simply rely on what 11 your complaint says. Instead, you must set out specific facts in declarations, depositions, answers 12 to interrogatories, or authenticated documents, as provided in Rule 56(e), that contradict the facts 13 shown in the defendant's declarations and documents and show that there is a genuine issue of 14 material fact for trial. If you do not submit your own evidence in opposition, summary judgment, 15 if appropriate, may be entered against you. If summary judgment is granted, your case will be 16 dismissed and there will be no trial. 17 18 19 20 NOTICE -- WARNING (EXHAUSTION) If defendants file an unenumerated motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. If the motion is granted it will end your case. You have the right to present any evidence you may have which tends to show that you 21 did exhaust your administrative remedies. Such evidence may be in the form of declarations 22 (statements signed under penalty of perjury) or authenticated documents, that is, documents 23 accompanied by a declaration showing where they came from and why they are authentic, or 24 other sworn papers, such as answers to interrogatories or depositions. 25 26 If defendants file a motion to dismiss and it is granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. 27 28 6

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