Alguera v. USBank, N.A. et al

Filing 9

ORDER DISMISSING CASE WITHOUT LEAVE TO AMEND. Signed by Judge Nathanael Cousins on 11/30/12. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(lmh, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 11/30/2012)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION 11 EDUARDO ALGUERA, Case No. 12-cv-04549 NC 12 ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITHOUT LEAVE TO AMEND 13 Plaintiff, v. 14 USBANK, N.A., and others, 15 Defendants. 16 17 On August 30, 2012, plaintiff Eduardo Alguera filed a complaint against defendants 18 USBank, N.A., Household Finance Corp., and Recontrust Company. On September 13, 19 2012, the Court issued an order to show cause why the action should not be dismissed for 20 lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Alguera did not respond. Because the Court lacks 21 subject matter jurisdiction, the Court DISMISSES the action without leave to amend. I. BACKGROUND 22 23 Alguera brings this action for damages, quiet title, and declaratory relief. Dkt. No. 1. 24 He asserts that he has failed to make timely payments on his mortgage due to financial 25 hardship, and as a result, defendants seek to foreclose on his property. Id. at 4. Alguera 26 disputes that defendants have authority to enforce the deed of trust and to initiate the 27 nonjudicial foreclosure process and seeks a declaration that the deed is invalid. Id. at 5. 28 He alleges that the deed was separated improperly from the note and that the true trustee Case No. 12-cv-04549 NC ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT 1 has not been ascertained. Id. Alguera also seeks quiet title and damages if the deed of trust 2 is declared unenforceable. Id. at 6. 3 On September 13, 2012, the Court granted Alguera’s motion to proceed in forma 4 pauperis and ordered him to show cause why the case should not be dismissed for lack of 5 subject matter jurisdiction. The Court also directed Alguera to amend his complaint to 6 clarify the defendants against whom he brings his claim, as the parties listed in the caption 7 of the complaint do not match the parties discussed in the body of the complaint. In 8 addition, the Court referred Alguera to the Pro Se Help Desk for guidance. 9 Alguera did not respond to the Court’s order to show cause. His response was due 10 September 28, 2012. Nor did Alguera amend his complaint to clarify the parties against 11 whom be brings this suit. Alguera has consented to the jurisdiction of a United States 12 magistrate judge under 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), but no defendants have been served. 13 14 II. STANDARD OF REVIEW Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and are presumptively without 15 jurisdiction. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). “The 16 party seeking to invoke the court’s jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing that 17 jurisdiction exists.” Scott v. Breeland, 792 F.2d 925, 927 (9th Cir. 1986). A federal court 18 may dismiss an action on its own motion if it finds that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction 19 over the action. Fiedler v. Clark, 714 F.2d 77, 78-79 (9th Cir. 1983); see also Fed. R. Civ. 20 P. 12(h)(3) (“If the court determines at any time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the 21 court must dismiss the action.”). A court, however, “has an obligation to warn the plaintiff 22 that dismissal is imminent.” Oliva v. Sullivan, 958 F.2d 272, 274 (9th Cir. 1992). 23 Furthermore, a court may not dismiss an action without leave to amend unless it is clear that 24 “the complaint could not be saved by amendment.” Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 25 316 F.3d 1048, 1052 (9th Cir. 2003). III. DISCUSSION 26 27 Alguera alleges only one claim: that the deed of trust is unenforceable due to a breach 28 of the mortgage agreement. This claim arises exclusively out of state law, and the Case No. 12-cv-04549 NC ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT 2 1 complaint alleges that Plaintiff is a citizen of the same state (California) as two of the 2 named defendants. In the absence of a federal question or diversity of citizenship between 3 the parties, this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction. 4 The Court ordered Alguera to establish subject matter jurisdiction, and he failed to do 5 so. The Court warned Alguera that failure to establish subject matter jurisdiction would 6 result in dismissal. The facts as pleaded do not give rise to jurisdiction, and no amendment 7 will cure this deficiency. Accordingly, the Court DISMISSES Alguera’s complaint 8 WITHOUT LEAVE TO AMEND. 9 10 IT IS SO ORDERED. Date: November 30, 2012 11 _________________________ Nathanael M. Cousins United States Magistrate Judge 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Case No. 12-cv-04549 NC ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT 3

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