Filing 4

ORDER OF DISMISSAL (Illston, Susan) (Filed on 4/24/2013)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 In Re. No. C 13-243 SI (pr) 9 KELVIN J. JONES, ORDER OF DISMISSAL United States District Court For the Northern District of California 10 Petitioner. 11 / 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Kelvin J. Jones wishes to challenge his state court criminal conviction. Rather than filing a petition for writ of habeas corpus, he filed a letter requesting an extension of time to file a petition for writ of habeas corpus. The court cannot provide the requested extension of time on the habeas statute of limitations deadline, 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). Under general principles derived from the "case or controversy" requirement of Article III, Section 2, of the United States Constitution, a federal court may not issue advisory opinions. See United States v. Cook, 795 F.2d 987, 994 (Fed. Cir. 1986) (district court erred in tolling statute of limitations as to future claims by persons not party to the case before the court). Federal courts do not "'sit to decide hypothetical issues or to give advisory opinions about issues as to which there are not adverse parties before [them].'" Id. (quoting Princeton University v. Schmid, 455 U.S. 100, 102 (1982)). There is no concrete dispute for this court to decide: Jones' request in essence asks the court to determine in advance whether his petition for writ of habeas corpus will be time-barred if it is filed at some unspecified date in the future which may or may not be within the one-year period prescribed by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). This court could not grant the requested relief without offending the Constitution's case or controversy requirement. Although Jones obtains no relief today, he is not 1 forever barred from requesting relief. If and when Jones files a late habeas petition, he may 2 make an argument that the limitations period should be equitably tolled. See Holland v. Florida, 3 130 S. Ct. 2549, 2562 (2010) ("[A] 'petitioner' is 'entitled to equitable tolling' only if he shows 4 '(1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that some extraordinary circumstance 5 stood in his way' and prevented timely filing.") At that point, and not before then, a court will 6 consider whether the statute of limitations should be tolled. The request for an extension of time 7 is DENIED. (Docket # 1.) In his letter, Jones indicates that his state court appeal was filed in the Second Appellate 9 District, Division Five. That suggests that the Northern District is not the right district for Jones' 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 8 eventual federal habeas petition. The Second Appellate District hears appeals of convictions in 11 Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties. If Jones' conviction 12 occurred in one of those counties, he should file his federal habeas petition in the U.S. District 13 Court for the Central District of California. 14 15 16 17 There is no case or controversy over which the court may exercise jurisdiction. The action is therefore DISMISSED. The clerk shall close the file. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: April 24, 2013 _______________________ SUSAN ILLSTON United States District Judge 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?