Baykeeper v. United States Pipe and Foundry Company, LLC
CONSENT DECREE. Signed by Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler on 12/13/2013. (lblc2, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 12/16/2013)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION
Case No. C13-2189
Honorable Laurel Beeler
[PROPOSED] CONSENT DECREE
UNITED STATES PIPE AND FOUNDRY
WHEREAS, Baykeeper is a non-profit public benefit corporation dedicated to the
preservation, protection, and defense of the environment, wildlife, and natural resources of the
San Francisco Bay and other area waters;
WHEREAS, United States Pipe and Foundry Company, LLC (“U.S. Pipe”), operates an
industrial facility that manufactures ductile iron pipe. U.S. Pipe’s facility is located at 1295
Whipple Road in Union City, CA (“Facility”). Baykeeper and U.S. Pipe are collectively referred
to herein as the “Parties”;
WHEREAS, storm water discharges associated with industrial activity at the Facilities
are regulated pursuant to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (“NPDES”)
General Permit No. CAS000001 [State Water Resources Control Board (“SWRCB”)], Water
Quality Order No. 92-12-DWQ (as amended by Water Quality Order 97-03-DWQ), and any
future iterations of this permit which are adopted by the SWRCB, issued pursuant to Section 402
of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U.S.C. §1342 (hereinafter the “Permit”). These
industrial activities include, inter alia, manufacturing and coating of iron pipe, transporting
materials on and off site, storage of waste and raw materials, truck and equipment operation,
scrap metal receiving, and other industrial activities related to the operation of a pipe
WHEREAS, the Permit includes the following requirements for all permittees, including
U.S. Pipe: 1) develop and implement a storm water pollution prevention plan (“SWPPP”), 2)
control pollutant discharges using best available technology economically achievable (“BAT”)
and best conventional pollutant control technology (“BCT”) to prevent or reduce pollutants, 3)
implement BAT and BCT through the development and application of Best Management
Practices (“BMPs”), which must be included and updated in the SWPPP; and, 4) when
necessary, implement additional BMPs to prevent or reduce any pollutants that are causing or
contributing to any exceedance of water quality standards;
WHEREAS, on March 8, 2013, Baykeeper served U.S. Pipe, U.S. Pipe’s registered
agent, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), the Executive
Director of the State Water Resources Control Board (“State Board”), the Executive Officer of
the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board (“Regional Board”), the U.S.
Attorney General, and the Regional Administrator of the EPA (Region 9) with a notice of intent
to file suit (“60-Day Notice”) under Sections 505(a)(1) and (f) of the Federal Water Pollution
Control Act (“Clean Water Act” or “the Act”), 33 U.S.C. § 1365(b)(1)(A), alleging violations of
the Act and the Permit at the Facilities;
WHEREAS, Baykeeper filed a complaint (“Complaint”) against U.S. Pipe in the United
States District Court, Northern District Court of California on April 30, 2012, entitled Baykeeper
v. United States Pipe and Foundry Company, LLC (Case No. 3:13-cv-02189-LB);
WHEREAS, Baykeeper contends in its 60-Day Notice and Complaint that, among other
things, U.S. Pipe has repeatedly discharged polluted storm water in violation of the Permit and
the Clean Water Act, and U.S. Pipe denies all allegations set forth in the 60-Day Notice and
Complaint and contends that Baykeeper’s Complaint should be dismissed;
WHEREAS, the Parties, through their authorized representatives and without either
adjudication of Baykeeper’s claims or any admission by U.S. Pipe of any alleged violation or
other wrongdoing, believe it is in their mutual interest and choose to resolve in full Baykeeper’s
allegations in the 60-Day Notice and Complaint through settlement and avoid the cost and
uncertainties of further litigation;
NOW THEREFORE IT IS HEREBY STIPULATED BETWEEN THE SETTLING
PARTIES, AND ORDERED AND DECREED BY THE COURT, AS FOLLOWS:
COMMITMENTS OF U.S. PIPE
In order to reduce or prevent pollutants associated with industrial activity from
discharging via storm water to the waters of the United States, U.S. Pipe shall implement
appropriate structural and non-structural Best Management Practices (“BMPs”), as required by
the Permit, as described more fully below.
Installation of Storm Water Retention Pond
Data Gathering. Assuming that the Effective Date of the Agreement is
before December 31, 2013, 1 within forty-five (45) days of the Effective
Date of the Agreement, U.S. Pipe shall perform the following tasks:
U.S. Pipe shall install a rain gauge at the site along with flow
monitors at the current storm water outfalls identified in Exhibit A.
Provided, however, that if this settlement is not effective by December 31, 2013, the compliance dates set forth in
this Section 2 of the Agreement shall shift by one calendar year.
The rain gauge and flow monitors shall stay in place until there are
a) at least four storm events producing at least 0.25-inches of
rainfall or b) May 31, 2014, whichever occurs first.
During the same period, U.S. Pipe shall also collect rain data from
two nearby NOAA rain gauges with station codes GRPC1 (Garin
Park, Union City) and IPWC1 (Industrial Pump Station, Hayward).
Precipitation data from these stations shall be compared against
data collected on-site and be used to inform runoff calculations for
the purposes of designing an on-site storm water retention pond.
U.S. Pipe shall provide to Baykeeper a data report of the
information obtained during the data gathering period by June 30,
2014. The report shall include rainfall data from on-site rain
gauges and NOAA stations GRPC1 and IPWC1, and on-site flow
monitoring data. This report shall also include rainfall-runoff
modeling results indicating, at a minimum, volumetric
requirements of the detention basin to fully retain runoff expected
from the 85th, 90th, and 95th percentile 24-hour storm events. The
report shall document all assumptions and modeling methods used.
Within fourteen (14) days of receiving the data report, Baykeeper
shall have the opportunity to comment on the data prior to the final
designation of design criteria for the retention basin.
Design. Based on an analysis of the data obtained as set forth in
paragraph 2.a., 2 U.S. Pipe shall design a storm water retention pond for
subsequent infiltration, evaporation, or re-use, in accordance with the
volume of runoff produced by the 95th percentile 24-hour storm event,
determined as the maximized capture runoff volume for the Facility, from
the formula recommended in the Water Environment Federation’s Manual
of Practice. 3 U.S. Pipe shall also provide maintenance specifications for
the retention pond, which shall include without limitation a provision for
scraping and disposal of the top five (5) centimeters of soil and sediment
from the base of the pond every five (5) years, to avoid build-up of soil
contaminants. These soils shall be tested prior to disposal to determine
whether removed sediment must be disposed of as hazardous material. A
copy of design and maintenance specifications for the pond shall be
provided to Baykeeper by August 30, 2014.
Installation. Following the submittal of the design and maintenance
specifications for the pond shall to Baykeeper by August 30, 2014, U.S.
Pipe shall install the retention pond in accordance with the retention pond
design set forth in paragraph 2(b) within ninety (90) days of receiving all
local, State, and Federal governmental and regulatory approvals necessary
to complete the retention pond construction. U.S. Pipe shall use best
If there are less than four storm events producing at least 0.25-inches of rainfall, or if U.S. Pipe determines that the
rain events are not sufficient to properly design the retention pond, the compliance dates set forth in this Section 2 of
the Agreement shall shift by one calendar year. In such event, U.S. Pipe shall provide written notice to Baykeeper
by June 15, 2014.
Water Environment Federation (WEF), Manual of Practice No. 23/ ASCE Manual of Practice No. 87, cited in
chapter 5 (1998 Edition) and cited in Chapter 3 (2012 Edition).
efforts to seek approval for all such local, State, and Federal governmental
and regulatory approvals necessary to complete the retention pond
construction. U.S. Pipe agrees to provide Baykeeper an update every
ninety (90) days regarding such pending approvals.
Certification. Within thirty (30) days of the completion of the installation
of the retention pond, U.S. Pipe shall notify Baykeeper via e-mail and
arrange a site visit by Baykeeper to visit the Facility and view the
retention pond to confirm its installation. Both parties shall use best
efforts to complete this site visit within thirty (30) days of receipt of the
notice of the specified above. Upon completion of this visit and
verification by Baykeeper that the retention pond is properly installed, this
Agreement shall be terminated.
Site Map: within thirty (30) days of the Effective Date, U.S. Pipe shall update
the Site Maps included in its SWPPP for the Facility to depict changes made to the Facility,
including those described in paragraph 2 of this Consent Decree.
Maintenance of BMP Structural and Non-Structural Controls: Beginning on
the Effective Date, U.S. Pipe shall maintain all structural and non-structural BMPs at the
Facility, including but not limited to catch basin filters, wattles, and a regular sweeping program,
at the Facility in good operating condition and shall promptly repair any damaged or degraded
Amendment of Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (“SWPPP”):
Following the installation of the retention pond set forth in paragraph 2.c.
above, U.S. Pipe shall amend its SWPPP to incorporate the requirements
and BMPs set forth in Paragraphs 2 through 4 of this Consent Decree and
thereafter submit the updated SWPPP to Baykeeper within ten (10)
Baykeeper shall have thirty (30) days from receipt of the amended SWPPP
to propose any changes to the SWPPP. Within thirty (30) days of
notification by Baykeeper of any proposed changes to the SWPPP, U.S.
Pipe shall make all of Baykeeper’s changes to the amended SWPPP unless
U.S. Pipe timely invokes the Dispute Resolution described below in
Paragraph 10. Compliance with the SWPPP, as amended in accordance
with this paragraph provision, shall at all times be a requirement of this
Reports: During the Term of this Consent Decree, U.S. Pipe shall provide
Baykeeper with a copy of all documents submitted to the Regional Water Board or the State
Water Board concerning the Facilities’ compliance with the Permit. Such documents and reports
shall be transmitted to Baykeeper via electronic mail, if feasible, or by U.S. Mail when electronic
transmission is not feasible, at the time the documents are due to be submitted to the Regional
Water Board or State Water Board.
MITIGATION, FEES, AND COSTS
Environmental Mitigation Funding: As mitigation for the alleged violations set
forth in Baykeeper’s Notice and Complaint, within thirty (30) days of the Effective Date, U.S.
Pipe shall pay the sum of forty-five thousand dollars ($45,000) to the Rose Foundation for the
Environment, an environmental non-profit organization, for projects that will benefit the San
Francisco Bay watershed. The Rose Foundation shall report the grant funding made with the
tendered funds to the Court, U.S. Department of Justice, and the Parties, setting forth the
recipient and purpose of the funds. Payment shall be made to the Rose Foundation for the
Environment, 1970 Broadway Suite # 600, Oakland, CA 94612-2218 Attn: Tim Little, within
thirty (30) days of the Effective Date, with notice to Baykeeper.
Reimbursement of Fees and Costs: U.S. Pipe shall reimburse Baykeeper in the
amount of thirty-five thousand dollars ($35,000) to help defray Baykeeper’s reasonable
investigation, expert, and attorneys’ fees and costs, and all other reasonable costs incurred as a
result of investigating the activities at the Facilities related to this Consent Decree, bringing these
matters to U.S. Pipe’s attention, and negotiating a resolution of this action in the public interest.
U.S. Pipe shall tender said payment, payable to Baykeeper, within thirty (30) days of the
Compliance Monitoring Funds: U.S. Pipe shall reimburse Baykeeper four
thousand dollars ($4,000) for costs and fees associated with monitoring U.S. Pipe’s compliance
with this Consent Decree. The compliance monitoring fund payment shall be made payable to
Baykeeper within thirty (30) days after the Effective Date.
Dispute Resolution: If a dispute under this Consent Decree arises, or either Party
believes that a breach of this Consent Decree has occurred, the Parties shall schedule a meet and
confer within ten (10) business days of receiving written notification from the other Party of a
request for a meeting to determine whether a violation of this Consent Decree has occurred and
to develop a mutually agreed upon plan, including implementation dates, to resolve the dispute.
If the Parties fail to meet and confer or the meet and confer does not resolve the issue, after at
least ten (10) business days have passed after the meet and confer occurred or should have
occurred, either Party shall be entitled to all rights and remedies under the law, including
bringing a motion before the United States District Court for the Northern District of California
for the limited purpose of enforcing the terms of this Consent Decree. The parties shall be
entitled to seek fees and costs incurred in any such action pursuant to the provisions set forth in
the Section 505(d) of the Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. §1365(d), and applicable case law
interpreting such provisions.
JURISDICTION OVER PARTIES AND SUBJECT MATTER OF THE
Jurisdiction. For the purposes of this Consent Decree, the Parties stipulate that
the United States District Court of California, Northern District of California, has jurisdiction
over the Parties and subject matter of this Consent Decree. The Parties stipulate that venue is
appropriate in the Northern District of California and that U.S. Pipe will not raise in the future as
part of enforcement of this Consent Decree whether Baykeeper has standing to bring the
Complaint or any subsequent action or motion pursuant to the Dispute Resolution procedures
Submission of Consent Decree to DOJ. Within three (3) business days of
receiving all of the Parties’ signatures to this Consent Decree, Baykeeper shall submit this
Consent Decree to the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and EPA for agency review
consistent with 40 C.F.R. §135.5. The agency review period expires forty-five (45) calendar
days after receipt by the DOJ, evidenced by correspondence from DOJ establishing the review
period. In the event DOJ comments negatively on the provisions of this Consent Decree, the
Parties agree to meet and confer to attempt to resolve the issues raised by DOJ.
WAIVER, RELEASES AND COVENANTS NOT TO SUE
Baykeeper Waiver and Release of Noticed Parties and Covenant Not to Sue:
Upon the Effective Date, Baykeeper, on its own behalf and on behalf of its officers, directors,
employees, parents, subsidiaries, affiliates and each of their successors and assigns and its
agents, attorneys, and other representatives covenants not to sue U.S. Pipe or its officers,
directors, employees, members, parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, or their successors or assigns, or
its agents, attorneys, or other representatives with respect to any storm water discharges from the
Facilities that arose before or may arise during the Term of this Consent Decree. Baykeeper, on
its own behalf and on behalf of its officers, directors, employees, parents, subsidiaries, affiliates
and each of their successors and assigns, and its and agents, attorneys, and other representatives,
releases U.S. Pipe or its officers, directors, employees, members, parents, subsidiaries, affiliates,
or their successors or assigns, or its agents, attorneys, and other representatives from and waives
all claims raised in the 60-Day Notice and/or the Complaint, including all claims for fees
(including fees of attorneys, experts, and others), costs, expenses, or any other sum incurred or
claimed or which could have been claimed for matters included in the 60-Day Notice and/or the
U.S. Pipe’s Waiver and Release of Baykeeper: U.S. Pipe, on its own behalf and
on behalf of its officers, directors, employees, members, parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, or their
successors or assigns, or its agents, attorneys, and other representatives, releases Baykeeper and
its officers, directors, employees, members, parents, subsidiaries, and affiliates, and each of their
successors and assigns and its agents, attorneys and other representatives from, and waives all
claims which arise from or pertain to, the 60-Day Notice and/or the Complaint for pollution from
storm water discharges at the Facility, including all claims for fees (including fees of attorneys,
experts, and others), costs, expenses or any other sum incurred or claimed or which could have
been claimed for matters included in the 60-Day Notice and/or the Complaint.
No Admission: The Parties enter into this Consent Decree for the purpose of
avoiding prolonged and costly litigation. Nothing in this Consent Decree shall be construed as,
and U.S. Pipe expressly does not intend to imply, any admission as to any fact, finding, issue of
law, or violation of law, nor shall compliance with this Consent Decree constitute or be
construed as an admission by U.S. Pipe of any fact, finding, conclusion, issue of law, or violation
of law. However, this paragraph shall not diminish or otherwise affect the obligation,
responsibilities, and duties of the Parties under this Consent Decree.
Effective Date: The Effective Date of this Consent Decree shall be upon the
subsequent entry of the Consent Decree by the Court.
Term of Consent Decree: This Consent Decree shall continue in effect until
Baykeeper has confirmed installation of the retention pond as described above in Paragraph 2(d),
at which time the Consent Decree, and all obligations under it, shall automatically terminate.
Execution in Counterparts: The Consent Decree may be executed in one or
more counterparts which, taken together, shall be deemed to constitute one and the same
Facsimile Signatures: The Parties’ signatures to this Consent Decree transmitted
by facsimile or electronic mail transmission shall be deemed binding.
Construction: The language in all parts of this Consent Decree, unless otherwise
stated, shall be construed according to its plain and ordinary meaning. The captions and
paragraph headings used in this Consent Decree are for reference only and shall not affect the
construction of this Consent Decree.
Authority to Sign: The undersigned are authorized to execute this Consent
Decree on behalf of their respective parties and have read, understood and agreed to all of the
terms and conditions of this Consent Decree.
Integrated Consent Decree: All agreements, covenants, representations and
warranties, express or implied, oral or written, of the Parties concerning the subject matter of this
Consent Decree are contained herein.
Severability: In the event that any of the provisions of this Consent Decree are
held by a court to be unenforceable, the validity of the enforceable provisions shall not be
Choice of Law: This Consent Decree shall be governed by the laws of the United
States, and where applicable, the laws of the State of California.
Full Settlement: This Consent Decree constitutes a full and final settlement of
this matter. It is expressly understood and agreed that the Consent Decree has been freely and
voluntarily entered into by the Parties with and upon advice of counsel.
Negotiated Agreement: The Parties have negotiated this Consent Decree, and
agree that it shall not be construed against the party preparing it, but shall be construed as if the
Parties jointly prepared this Consent Decree, and any uncertainty and ambiguity shall not be
interpreted against any one party.
Modification of the Agreement: This Consent Decree, and any provisions
herein, may not be changed, waived, or discharged unless by a written instrument signed by the
Assignment: Subject only to the express restrictions contained in this Consent
Decree, all of the rights, duties and obligations contained in this Consent Decree shall inure to
the benefit of and be binding upon the Parties, and their successors and assigns.
Mailing of Documents to Baykeeper/Notices/Correspondence: Any notices or
documents required or provided for by this Consent Decree or related thereto that are to be
provided to Baykeeper pursuant to this Consent Decree shall be, to the extent feasible, sent via
electronic mail transmission to the e-mail addresses listed below or, if electronic mail
transmission is not feasible, via certified U.S. Mail with return receipt, or by hand delivery to the
San Francisco Baykeeper
785 Market Street, Suite 850
San Francisco, CA 94103
With copies sent to:
Lozeau Drury LLP
410 12th Street, Suite 250
Oakland, CA 94607
Unless requested otherwise by U.S. Pipe, any notices or documents required or provided
for by this Consent Decree or related thereto that are to be provided to U.S. Pipe pursuant to this
Consent Decree shall, to the extent feasible, be provided by electronic mail transmission to the email addresses listed below, or, if electronic mail transmission is not feasible, by certified U.S.
Mail with return receipt, or by hand delivery to the addresses below:
United States Pipe & Foundry Company
1295 Whipple Road
Union City, CA 94587
With copies sent to:
Director – Environmental Services
United States Pipe & Foundry Company
2023 St. Louis Avenue
Bessemer, AL 35020
Gary S. Rovner
Foley & Lardner LLP
321 N. Clark Street
Chicago, IL 60654
Adam G. Sowatzka
King & Spalding
1180 Peachtree Street, N.E.
Atlanta, GA 30309
Notifications of communications shall be deemed submitted on the date that they are
emailed, or postmarked and sent by first-class mail or deposited with an overnight mail/delivery
service. Any changes of address or addressees shall be communicated in the manner described
above for giving notices.
Impossibility of Performance: No Party shall be considered to be in default in
the performance of any of its obligations under this Consent Decree when performance becomes
impossible, despite the timely good faith efforts of the Party, due to circumstances beyond the
Party’s control, including without limitation any act of God, act of war or terrorism, fire,
earthquake, flood, and restraint by court order or public authority. “Circumstances beyond the
Party’s control” shall not include normal inclement weather, economic hardship or inability to
pay. Any Party seeking to rely upon this paragraph shall have the burden of establishing that it
could not reasonably have been expected to avoid, and which by exercise of due diligence has
been unable to overcome, the impossibility of performance.
If for any reason the DOJ or the District Court should decline to approve this
Consent Decree in the form presented, the Parties shall use their best efforts to work together to
modify the Consent Decree within thirty (30) days so that it is acceptable to the DOJ or the
District Court. If the Parties are unable to modify this Consent Decree in a mutually acceptable
manner that is also acceptable to the District Court, this Consent Decree shall immediately be
null and void as well as inadmissible as a settlement communication under Federal Rule of
Evidence 408 and California Evidence Code section 1152.
The settling Parties hereto enter into this Consent Decree, Order and Final
Judgment and submit it to the Court for its approval and entry as a final judgment.
[SIGNATURES TO APPEAR ON THE FOLLOWING PAGE]
APPROVED AND SO ORDERED, this ___ day of ______________________.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Union Pacific Rail Line and Commercial Buildings
Dust and Loading
Temporary Storage Including
Lime, Coke Injections and Alloy
Pipe Run /
South Outfall and
Plot Date: 06/03/13 - 1:04pm, Plotted by: joanna.worker
Drawing Path: W:\Projects\IR13164090 (US Pipe Storm Water)\, Drawing Name: Storm Water Site Map.dwg
Surface flow direction
Storm drain with inlet protection
Plugged storm drain
Storm drain line
North Outfall drainage boundary (~18 acres)
South Outfall drainage boundary (~8.8 acres)
Approximate Scale in Feet
Flow directed to Vacant Field (~16.6 acres)
Landfill drainage boundary (~11.8 acres)
Estimated property boundary
Basemap modified from a drawing provided by United States Pipe
and Foundry Company, dated 05-11-2013.
U.S. PIPE AND FOUNDRY COMPANY
1295 Whipple Road
Union City, California
Project No. IR13164090
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