Harris v. Kahja

Filing 20

ORDER OF SERVICE. Signed by Judge William Alsup on 2/4/14. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(dt, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 2/4/2014)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 DAVID D. HARRIS, Plaintiff, 12 C 13-3530 WHA (PR) ORDER OF SERVICE vs. 13 14 Nos. DR. A. KAHJA, Defendant 15 / 16 17 INTRODUCTION 18 Plaintiff, a pro se prisoner, filed this civil rights case under 42 U.S.C. 1983. He was 19 granted leave to file an amended complaint, which he has done. For the reasons discussed 20 below, the amended complaint is ordered served upon defendant. 21 ANALYSIS 22 A. STANDARD OF REVIEW 23 Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners seek 24 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 25 1915A(a). In its review the court must identify any cognizable claims, and dismiss any claims 26 which are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek 27 monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. Id. at 1915A(b)(1),(2). Pro 28 se pleadings must be liberally construed. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 1 (9th Cir. 1990). 2 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only "a short and plain statement of the 3 claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." "Specific facts are not necessary; the 4 statement need only '"give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . . claim is and the grounds 5 upon which it rests."'" Erickson v. Pardus, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 (2007) (citations omitted). 6 Although in order to state a claim a complaint “does not need detailed factual allegations, . . . a 7 plaintiff's obligation to provide the 'grounds of his 'entitle[ment] to relief' requires more than 8 labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not 9 do. . . . Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007) (citations omitted). A 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 complaint must proffer "enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face." Id. 12 at 1974. 13 To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: 14 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) 15 that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. 16 West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 17 B. 18 LEGAL CLAIMS Plaintiff, an inmate at Salinas Valley State Prison, alleges that defendant Dr. Kahja, a 19 psychiatrist at plaintiff’s prison, ordered plaintiff to be put on “suicide watch” in a “stripped 20 cell.” The cell had no toilet or running water, causing plaintiff to hold his bodily functions for 21 72 hours and to be unable to drink at his leisure. Dr. Kahja caused plaintiff to remain there for 22 seven days. When liberally construed, such allegations could a cognizable claim that Dr. Khaja 23 violated plaintiff’s Eighth Amendment rights. 24 CONCLUSION 25 For the reasons set out above, it is hereby ordered as follows: 26 1. The clerk shall issue summons and the United States Marshal shall serve, without 27 prepayment of fees, a copy of the complaint with all attachments thereto, and a copy of this 28 order upon defendant Dr. Kahja at Salinas Valley State Prison. A courtesy copy of the 2 1 complaint with attachments and this order shall also be mailed to the California Attorney 2 General’s Office. 3 4 5 2. Defendant shall file an answer in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 3. In order to expedite the resolution of this case: 6 a. No later than 91 days from the date this order is filed, defendant shall file a 7 motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion. If defendant is of the opinion that 8 this case cannot be resolved by summary judgment, he shall so inform the court prior to the date 9 the summary judgment motion is due. All papers filed with the court shall be promptly served 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 on the plaintiff. b. Plaintiff's opposition to the dispositive motion, if any, shall be filed with the 12 court and served upon defendant no later than 28 days from the date of service of the motion. 13 Plaintiff must read the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING,” which is provided to 14 him pursuant to Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 953-954 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc), and 15 Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th Cir. 1988). 16 If defendant files an unenumerated motion to dismiss claiming that plaintiff failed to 17 exhaust his available administrative remedies as required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), plaintiff 18 should take note of the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING (EXHAUSTION),” 19 which is provided to him as required by Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120 n. 4 (9th Cir.), 20 cert. denied, Alameida v. Wyatt, 124 S.Ct 50 (2003). 21 22 23 24 25 c. Defendant shall file a reply brief no later than 14 days after the date of service of the opposition. d. The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is due. No hearing will be held on the motion unless the court so orders at a later date. e. Along with his motion, defendant shall proof that they served plaintiff the 26 applicable warning(s) required by Woods v. Carey, No. 09-15548, slip op. 7871 (9th Cir. July 6, 27 2012) and/or Stratton v. Buck, No. 10-35656, slip op. 11477 (9th Cir. Sept. 19, 2012), at the 28 same time they served him with their motion. Failure to do so will result in the summary 3 1 2 dismissal of their motion without prejudice. 4. All communications by the plaintiff with the court must be served on defendant, or 3 defendant’s counsel once counsel has been designated, by mailing a true copy of the document 4 to defendant or defendant’s counsel. 5 5. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 6 No further court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) or Local Rule 16-1 is 7 required before the parties may conduct discovery. 8 7. It is the plaintiff's responsibility to prosecute this case. Plaintiff must keep the court 9 informed of any change of address and must comply with the court's orders in a timely fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant to 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). 12 IT IS SO ORDERED. 13 Dated: February 14 4 , 2014. WILLIAM ALSUP UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 NOTICE -- WARNING (SUMMARY JUDGMENT) If defendants move for summary judgment, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. A motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure will, if granted, end your case. Rule 56 tells you what you must do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. Generally, summary judgment must be granted when there is no genuine issue of material fact--that is, if there is no real dispute about any fact that would affect the result of your case, the party who asked for summary judgment is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which will end your case. When a party you are suing makes a motion for summary judgment that is properly supported by declarations (or other sworn testimony), you cannot simply rely on what your complaint says. Instead, you must set out specific facts in declarations, depositions, answers to interrogatories, or authenticated documents, as provided in Rule 56(e), that contradict the facts shown in the defendant's declarations and documents and show that there is a genuine issue of material fact for trial. If you do not submit your own evidence in opposition, summary judgment, if appropriate, may be entered against you. If summary judgment is granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. 9 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 12 13 14 15 16 NOTICE -- WARNING (EXHAUSTION) If defendants file a motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust administrative remedies, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. If the motion is granted it will end your case and there will be no trial. A motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust administrative remedies is similar to a motion for summary judgment in that the court will consider materials beyond the pleadings. You have the right to present any evidence you may have which tends to show that you did exhaust your administrative remedies. Such evidence may be in the form of declarations (statements signed under penalty of perjury) or authenticated documents, that is, documents accompanied by a declaration showing where they came from and why they are authentic, or other sworn papers, such as answers to interrogatories or depositions. In considering a motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust administrative remedies, the court can decided disputed factual matters with regard to the exhaustion question. Because the court can resolve factual disputes, unlike a summary judgment opposition, it is not enough to merely show a genuine issue of material fact in opposition to the motion to dismiss. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5

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