Grajeda v. Rodgers et al

Filing 10

ORDER OF SERVICE. Signed by Judge James Donato on 5/12/14. (lrcS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 5/13/2014) (Additional attachment(s) added on 5/13/2014: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service) (lrcS, COURT STAFF).

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 TOMAS G. GRAJEDA, Case No. 14-cv-00955-JD Plaintiff, 8 v. ORDER OF SERVICE 9 10 S. RODGERS, et al., Defendants. United States District Court Northern District of California 11 12 Plaintiff, a state prisoner, has filed a pro se civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. 13 14 He has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis. DISCUSSION 15 16 I. STANDARD OF REVIEW 17 Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners seek 18 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 19 § 1915A(a). In its review, the Court must identify any cognizable claims, and dismiss any claims 20 which are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek 21 monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. Id. at 1915A(b)(1),(2). Pro se 22 pleadings must be liberally construed. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep’t, 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th 23 Cir. 1990). 24 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only “a short and plain statement of the 25 claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Although a complaint “does not need detailed 26 factual allegations, . . . a plaintiff’s obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his ‘entitle[ment] to 27 relief’ requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a 28 cause of action will not do. . . . Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above 1 the speculative level.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007) (citations 2 omitted). A complaint must proffer “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its 3 face.” Id. at 570. The United States Supreme Court has explained the “plausible on its face” 4 standard of Twombly: “While legal conclusions can provide the framework of a complaint, they 5 must be supported by factual allegations. When there are well-pleaded factual allegations, a court 6 should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement 7 to relief.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 679 (2009). To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: 8 9 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. West v. 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 12 II. Plaintiff alleges that a correctional officer failed to protect him from an assault by another 13 14 LEGAL CLAIMS inmate. 15 The Eighth Amendment requires that prison officials take reasonable measures to 16 guarantee the safety of prisoners. Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 832 (1994). In particular, 17 prison officials have a duty to protect prisoners from violence at the hands of other prisoners. Id. 18 at 833; Hearns v. Terhune, 413 F.3d 1036, 1040 (9th Cir. 2005). The failure of prison officials to 19 protect inmates from attacks by other inmates or from dangerous conditions at the prison violates 20 the Eighth Amendment only when two requirements are met: (1) the deprivation alleged is, 21 objectively, sufficiently serious; and (2) the prison official is, subjectively, deliberately indifferent 22 to inmate safety. Farmer, 511 U.S. at 834; Hearns, 413 F.3d at 1040-41. 23 Plaintiff states that he was alone in his cell and was preparing for the door to be opened so 24 he could proceed to the shower. Another inmate was walking by his cell, made some sort of 25 motion to the guard control booth and then plaintiff’s cell door was opened by the booth that was 26 operated by defendant Rodgers. The other inmate entered plaintiff’s cell, the cell door was closed 27 by the booth and the other inmate stabbed plaintiff with a weapon multiple times. Other guards 28 2 1 arrived at the scene to stop the assault and plaintiff was taken to an outside hospital where he was 2 treated for his injuries. This claim is sufficient to proceed against Rodgers. Plaintiff also alleges that Townsed, the inmate appeals coordinator at the prison, 3 4 improperly denied plaintiff’s appeals regarding this incident. However, there is no constitutional 5 right to a prison administrative appeal or grievance system. See Ramirez v. Galaza, 334 F.3d 850, 6 860 (9th Cir. 2003); Mann v. Adams, 855 F.2d 639, 640 (9th Cir. 1988). This claim is dismissed. CONCLUSION 7 1. 9 10 Defendant Townsend is DISMISSED from this action for the reasons set forth 2. 8 The clerk shall issue a summons and the United States Marshal shall serve, without above. United States District Court Northern District of California 11 prepayment of fees, copies of the complaint with attachments and copies of this order on the 12 following defendant: S. Rodgers, correctional officer at Pelican Bay State Prison. 13 14 3. In order to expedite the resolution of this case, the court orders as follows: a. No later than sixty days from the date of service, defendant shall file a 15 motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion. The motion shall be supported by 16 adequate factual documentation and shall conform in all respects to Federal Rule of Civil 17 Procedure 56, and shall include as exhibits all records and incident reports stemming from the 18 events at issue. If defendant is of the opinion that this case cannot be resolved by summary 19 judgment, he shall so inform the court prior to the date his summary judgment motion is due. All 20 papers filed with the court shall be promptly served on the plaintiff. 21 b. At the time the dispositive motion is served, defendant shall also serve, on a 22 separate paper, the appropriate notice or notices required by Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 953- 23 954 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc), and Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120 n. 4 (9th Cir. 2003). 24 See Woods v. Carey, 684 F.3d 934, 940-941 (9th Cir. 2012) (Rand and Wyatt notices must be 25 given at the time motion for summary judgment or motion to dismiss for nonexhaustion is filed, 26 not earlier); Rand at 960 (separate paper requirement). 27 28 c. Plaintiff’s opposition to the dispositive motion, if any, shall be filed with the court and served upon defendant no later than thirty days from the date the motion was served 3 1 upon him. Plaintiff must read the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING,” which is 2 provided to him pursuant to Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 953-954 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc), 3 and Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th Cir. 1988). 4 If defendant files a motion for summary judgment claiming that plaintiff failed to exhaust 5 his available administrative remedies as required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), plaintiff should take 6 note of the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING (EXHAUSTION),” which is provided 7 to him as required by Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120 n. 4 (9th Cir. 2003). d. 8 9 days after the opposition is served upon him. e. 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 12 If defendant wishes to file a reply brief, he shall do so no later than fifteen The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is due. No hearing will be held on the motion unless the Court so orders at a later date. 4. All communications by plaintiff with the court must be served on defendant, or 13 defendant’s counsel once counsel has been designated, by mailing a true copy of the document to 14 defendants or defendants’ counsel. 15 5. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 16 No further court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) is required before the 17 parties may conduct discovery. 18 6. It is plaintiff’s responsibility to prosecute this case. Plaintiff must keep the court 19 informed of any change of address by filing a separate paper with the clerk headed “Notice of 20 Change of Address.” He also must comply with the court’s orders in a timely fashion. Failure to 21 do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of 22 Civil Procedure 41(b). 23 24 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: May 12, 2014 ______________________________________ JAMES DONATO United States District Judge 25 26 27 28 14-cv-00955-JD-_serve 4 1 2 NOTICE -- WARNING (SUMMARY JUDGMENT) If defendants move for summary judgment, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. 3 A motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure will, if 4 granted, end your case. 5 Rule 56 tells you what you must do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. 6 Generally, summary judgment must be granted when there is no genuine issue of material fact-- 7 that is, if there is no real dispute about any fact that would affect the result of your case, the party 8 who asked for summary judgment is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which will end your 9 case. When a party you are suing makes a motion for summary judgment that is properly supported by declarations (or other sworn testimony), you cannot simply rely on what your 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 complaint says. Instead, you must set out specific facts in declarations, depositions, answers to 12 interrogatories, or authenticated documents, as provided in Rule 56(e), that contradict the facts 13 shown in the defendant’s declarations and documents and show that there is a genuine issue of 14 material fact for trial. If you do not submit your own evidence in opposition, summary judgment, 15 if appropriate, may be entered against you. If summary judgment is granted, your case will be 16 dismissed and there will be no trial. 17 18 19 20 NOTICE -- WARNING (EXHAUSTION) If defendants file a motion for summary judgment for failure to exhaust, they are seeking to have your case dismissed. If the motion is granted it will end your case. You have the right to present any evidence you may have which tends to show that you did 21 exhaust your administrative remedies. Such evidence may be in the form of declarations 22 (statements signed under penalty of perjury) or authenticated documents, that is, documents 23 accompanied by a declaration showing where they came from and why they are authentic, or other 24 sworn papers, such as answers to interrogatories or depositions. 25 26 If defendants file a motion for summary judgment for failure to exhaust and it is granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. 27 28 5

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