Chanel, Inc. v. Fu

Filing 68

ORDER by Judge Edward M. Chen Granting 61 Plaintiff's Motion for Default Judgment. (emcsec, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/22/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 Plaintiff, 8 ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR DEFAULT JUDGMENT 9 v. 10 HSIAO YIN FU, 11 Docket No. 61 Defendant. 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court Case No. 16-cv-02259-EMC CHANEL, INC., I. 13 14 INTRODUCTION Plaintiff Chanel, Inc. has filed suit against Defendant Hsiao Yin Fu for: (1) counterfeiting, 15 (2) trademark infringement, (3) false designation of origin, (4) trademark dilution, (5) state and 16 common law trademark infringement and unfair competition, and (6) breach of contract. 17 Previously, defense counsel informed the Court that Ms. Fu did not intend to respond to Chanel‟s 18 complaint; accordingly, the Court instructed the Clerk of the Court to enter Ms. Fu‟s default. See 19 Docket No. 59 (minutes); Docket No. 60 (notice of entry of default). Chanel has now filed a 20 motion for a default judgment. Ms. Fu has failed to oppose the motion. Having considered 21 Chanel‟s papers and accompanying submissions, as well as all other evidence of record, the Court 22 hereby GRANTS the motion for default judgment and awards the relief identified below. II. 23 24 25 BACKGROUND Chanel‟s complaint and evidence submitted in support of the motion for default judgment reflect as follows. 26 Chanel is a company engaged in the business of manufacturing and distributing a variety 27 of high quality goods such as handbags, wallets, clothing, and jewelry. It has multiple federally 28 registered trademarks, including the Chanel word mark and a monogram of interlocking C‟s 1 2 (collectively, “Chanel marks”). See FAC ¶¶ 2, 7. Ms. Fu operates a business in Burlingame, California, where she has sold and continues to 3 sell counterfeit products that infringe on the Chanel marks. See FAC ¶¶ 3-4, 16. These products 4 include handbags, wallets, clothing, and jewelry. See id. ¶ 16. The quality of the counterfeit 5 products sold by Ms. Fu is substantially different from the quality of Chanel‟s genuine goods. See 6 id. ¶ 17. 7 Prior to this action, Chanel filed a lawsuit against Ms. Fu in March 2014 for, inter alia, 8 trademark counterfeiting and infringement. See Chanel, Inc. v. Fu, No. C-14-1088 YGR (N.D. 9 Cal.). The parties settled that case, and a consent final judgment and permanent injunction in permanent injunction, which, inter alia, enjoined Ms. Fu from selling counterfeit and infringing 12 For the Northern District of California favor of Chanel were entered in December 2014. However, in spite of that judgment and 11 United States District Court 10 products bearing the Chanel marks, Ms. Fu continued to sell such products. 13 For example, in July 2015, December 2015, and March 2016, investigators working on 14 behalf of Chanel purchased counterfeit and infringing handbags and wallets from Ms. Fu. See 15 Docket No. 8 (Pollock Decl. ¶¶ 2-7); Docket No. 9 (Silva Decl. ¶¶ 2-5); Docket No. 10 (Castillo 16 Decl. ¶¶ 2-6); see also Docket No. 7 (Sisbarro Decl. ¶¶ 11-16) (confirming that products 17 purchased were nongenuine, counterfeit products). Accordingly, Chanel initiated the instant 18 action in April 2016. 19 In May 2016, this Court granted in part and denied in part Chanel‟s motion for a temporary 20 restraining order and seizure order. See generally Docket No. 23 (order). The TRO barred Ms. Fu 21 from selling counterfeit and infringing products. The seizure order allowed law enforcement to 22 seize counterfeit and infringing products that fell within the scope of the trademarks identified by 23 Chanel in its complaint. 24 On May 4, 2016, law enforcement seized goods on Chanel‟s behalf from Ms. Fu‟s store in 25 Burlingame. See Docket No. 31 (custody receipt for seized property and evidence). The seizure 26 exceeded the scope of the Court‟s order. See Docket No. 35 (Order at 4). Before the Court 27 learned of this fact, Ms. Fu consented to a preliminary injunction and the seizure that was effected. 28 See Docket No. 35 (order). The Court subsequently acknowledged Ms. Fu‟s consent but, because 2 1 one of Chanel‟s attorneys, Stephen Gaffigan, had not acted properly in connection with the 2 seizure, the Court revoked his pro hac vice status and ordered Chanel to provide an additional 3 undertaking to cover the items seized that were beyond the scope of the seizure order. See Docket 4 No. 37 (order). In September 2016, the parties stipulated to private ADR to attempt to resolve their 5 6 dispute. See Docket No. 49 (stipulation and order). But just a few months later, in November 7 2016, Chanel informed the Court that it was not able to schedule a mediation because Ms. Fu was 8 not cooperating. See Docket No. 55 (notice). A month later, Chanel moved for entry of default 9 against Ms. Fu based on her failure to respond to the complaint. The Court then held a telephonic Chanel‟s complaint. The Court thus instructed the Clerk of the Court to enter Ms. Fu‟s default, 12 For the Northern District of California conference where defense counsel stated to the Court that Ms. Fu did not intend to respond to 11 United States District Court 10 see Docket No. 59 (minutes); Docket No. 60 (notice of entry of default), and Chanel has now 13 moved for a default judgment. III. 14 15 16 A. DISCUSSION Service of Process In general, when a court is presented with a motion for default judgment, it first “assess[es] 17 the adequacy of the service of process on the party against whom default is requested.” Bd. of 18 Trustees of the N. Cal. Sheet Metal Workers v. Peters, No. C-95-1240 MHP, 2000 U.S. Dist. 19 LEXIS 19065, at *2 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 2, 2001); see also DFSB Kollective Co. v. Bourne, 897 F. 20 Supp. 2d 871, 877 (N.D. Cal. 2012) (affirming that a district court must determine that service of 21 process against the party who default is requested is adequate). This is to ensure that the 22 defendant‟s failure to appear and defend was not because the summons and complaint had not 23 been properly served in the first instance. 24 In the instant case, Ms. Fu has never contested service of process and has had an attorney 25 represent her in the proceedings. Under these circumstances, the Court does not have any concern 26 that Ms. Fu‟s default was based on a failure to understand that a lawsuit was being brought against 27 her, and therefore moves on to the merits of Chanel‟s motion for default judgment. See Fed. R. 28 Civ. P. 4 (e)(1) (allowing service to be effected pursuant to California state law); Cal. Civ. Proc. 3 1 Code 415.20 (providing for substitute service). Moreover, as a facial matter, substitute service 2 appears sufficient. See Docket No. 31 (service on employee); Docket No. 34 (service my mail). 3 B. 4 Eitel Factors “[A] district court‟s decision whether to enter a default judgment is a discretionary one.” 5 Aldabe v. Aldabe, 616 F.2d 1089, 1092 (9th Cir. 1980). Factors that a court may consider in 6 exercising that discretion include: 7 (1) the possibility of prejudice to the plaintiff, (2) the merits of plaintiff‟s substantive claim, (3) the sufficiency of the complaint, (4) the sum of money at stake in the action; (5) the possibility of a dispute concerning material facts; (6) whether the default was due to excusable neglect, and (7) the strong policy underlying the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure favoring decisions on the merits. 8 9 10 Eitel v. McCool, 782 F.2d 1470, 1471-72 (9th Cir. 1986). In assessing these factors, a court abides 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 11 by “[t]he general rule of law . . . that upon default the factual allegations of the complaint, except 13 those relating to the amount of damages, will be taken as true.” TeleVideo Sys., Inc. v. Heidenthal, 14 826 F.2d 915, 917-18 (9th Cir. 1987) (internal quotation marks omitted). 15 The majority of the above factors weigh in favor of default judgment. For example, here, 16 Chanel will suffer prejudice if the Court does not enter default judgment because Chanel would 17 not be able to recover for the harm inflicted by Ms. Fu – in particular, that resulting from her 18 continued infringement of the Chanel marks even after a prior consent final judgment and 19 permanent injunction. See Yelp, Inc. v. Catron, 70 F. Supp. 3d 1082, 1094 (N.D. Cal. 2014); 20 Phillip Morris U.S.A. Inc. v. Castworld Prods., 219 F.R.D. 494, 499 (C.D. Cal. 2003). Also, 21 because Ms. Fu has not filed an answer to the complaint, and because Ms. Fu has expressed that 22 she no longer has an interest in participating in this litigation, there is nothing to suggest that there 23 is a possibility of a dispute concerning material facts. Further, there is no indication that Ms. Fu‟s 24 default was due to excusable neglect. Finally, the preference for deciding on the merits does not 25 preclude the Court from entering default judgment against Ms. Fu because she failed to defend 26 this action. 27 28 The only factors that deserve closer analysis are the second and third factors – i.e., the merits of the Chanel‟s substantive claim and the sufficiency of the complaint. Generally, courts 4 1 consider the merits of plaintiff‟s substantive claims and the sufficiency of the complaint together. 2 See Catron, 70 F. Supp. at 1094; see also IO Grp., Inc. v. Jordan, 708 F. Supp. 2d 989, 997-1000 3 (N.D. Cal. 2010). In the instant case, Chanel has alleged six causes of action: (1) trademark 4 counterfeiting, (2) trademark infringement, (3) false designation of origin, (4) trademark dilution, 5 (5) state and common law trademark infringement and unfair competition, and (6) breach of 6 contract. See FAC ¶¶ 26-65. However, for purposes of this opinion, the Court need only consider 7 the claim for trademark infringement. This is because Chanel‟s claims for trademark 8 counterfeiting, false designation of origin, and state and common law trademark infringement and 9 unfair competition essentially apply the same standard as the claim for trademark infringement.1 applicable test for trademark counterfeiting and trademark infringement is essentially the same); 12 For the Northern District of California See Century 21 Real Estate Corp. v. Sandlin, 846 F.2d 1175, 1178 (9th Cir.1988) (holding that the 11 United States District Court 10 Brookfield Comm'ns, Inc. v. W. Coast Entm’t Corp., 174 F.3d 1036, 1047 n. 8 (9th Cir. 1999) 13 (determining that the test for false designation of origin under 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a) is the same as 14 the test for trademark infringement under 15 U.S.C. § 1114); Cleary v. News Corp., 30 F.3d 1255, 15 1262-63 (9th Cir. 1994) (finding that the test for common law trademark infringement and unfair 16 competition, pursuant to the California Business and Professions Code, is the same test as that 17 used for trademark infringement). Moreover, the relief sought by Chanel in the pending motion is 18 all available if it prevails on its claim for trademark infringement. For a plaintiff to prevail on a trademark infringement claim, it must show that there is “(1) 19 20 a valid, protectable trademark, and (2) that . . . use of the mark is likely to cause confusion.” 21 Applied Info. Scis. Corp. v. eBAY, Inc., 511 F.3d 966, 969 (9th Cir. 2007). Likelihood of 22 confusion may be established by “„post-purchase confusion,‟ i.e., confusion on the part of 23 someone other than the purchaser who, for example, simply sees the item after it has been 24 purchased.” Karl Storz Endoscopy Am., Inc. v. Surgical Techs., Inc., 285 F.3d 848, 854 (9th Cir. 25 1 26 27 28 Chanel has also asserted claims for trademark dilution and breach of contract. However, the trademark dilution claim should not differ significantly from the trademark infringement claim, see Jada Toys, Inc. v. Mattel, Inc., 518 F.3d 628, 632 (9th Cir. 2008), and Chanel no longer seeks relief for the breach-of-contract claim. See Supp. Br. at 5-6 (stating that Chanel no longer seeks relief for Ms. Fu‟s alleged violation of the consent final judgment and preliminary injunction entered by Judge Gonzalez Rogers in No. C-14-1088 YGR). 5 1 2002). See e.g., Levi Strauss & Co. v. Blue Bell, Inc., 632 F.2d 817, 821 (9th Cir. 1980) (finding 2 that there was likelihood of confusion because the nongenuine good was “likely to cause 3 confusion or mistake or to deceive the public as to the source of association”). Here, taking the well-pled allegations of the complaint as true, Chanel has met both of 4 5 these requirements. First, Chanel has alleged that it holds valid and protectable trademarks that 6 are registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. See FAC ¶ 7 (providing 7 registration numbers for nine marks). Second, Chanel has alleged that the Chanel marks “have 8 never been assigned or licensed to any of the Defendants.” Id. ¶ 9. Third, Chanel has alleged that 9 Ms. Fu has sold counterfeit products that use the same Chanel marks (both the Chanel word mark submitted declarations confirming purchases of nongenuine products from Ms. Fu, with the 12 For the Northern District of California and the interlocking C‟s) and that are of inferior quality. See id. ¶¶ 16-17. (Chanel has also 11 United States District Court 10 products purchased bearing the Chanel mark or marks. See Docket No. 63-1 (Vafaeisefat Decl.).) 13 Finally, there is a likelihood of confusion because, even if purchasers of Ms. Fu‟s counterfeit 14 products know that they are being purchasing nongenuine goods, the larger public likely would 15 not have the same understanding. Accordingly, Chanel has adequately pleaded a claim for trademark infringement, and 16 17 therefore the Eitel factors weigh in favor of a default judgment. 18 C. 19 20 21 Requested Relief Where the Court finds a default judgment appropriate, it must still evaluate whether the specific relief requested by Chanel is proper. As reflected in its opening brief, Chanel initially asked this Court for the following: (1) a 22 permanent injunction, (2) statutory damages amounting to $500,000, (3) unspecified attorneys‟ 23 fees, (4) costs amounting to $400, (5) a release of the bond posted by Chanel ($40,000), (6) a 24 finding that Ms. Fu is in contempt of the permanent injunction entered by Judge Gonzalez Rogers 25 (in No. C-14-1088 YGR); and (7) an order allowing Chanel to destroy the goods that were seized 26 from Ms. Fu on May 4, 2016. See Mot. at 9-15. 27 28 However, after the Court asked for supplemental briefing, in particular, on the relief requested by Chanel, Chanel significantly scaled back on the requested relief. As reflected in its 6 1 supplemental brief, Chanel no longer asks for statutory damages or a contempt finding. Now, 2 Chanel seeks only (1) a permanent injunction, (2) attorney‟s fees amounting to $35,640, (3) costs 3 amounting to $400, (4) a bond release, and (5) permission to destroy the seized goods. 4 1. Permanent Injunction 5 Where a plaintiff successfully establishes trademark infringement, see 15 U.S.C. § 1114, a 6 permanent injunction to prevent such infringement from continuing is possible relief. Title 15 7 U.S.C. § 1116(a) provides that a court has the “power to grant injunctions, according to the 8 principles of equity and upon such terms as the court may deem reasonable, to prevent the 9 violation of any right of the registrant of a mark.”2 15 U.S.C.A. § 1116(a). A permanent injunction requires a plaintiff to show “(1) that it has suffered an irreparable 10 injury; (2) that remedies available at law, such as monetary damages, are inadequate to 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 11 compensate for that injury; (3) that, considering the balance of hardships between the plaintiff and 13 defendant, a remedy in equity is warranted; and (4) that the public interest would not be disserved 14 by a permanent injunction.” eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C., 547 U.S. 388, 391 (2006). These factors support a permanent injunction in the instant case. Chanel has established 15 16 that it has suffered an irreparable injury for which damages are inadequate as compensation. Ms. 17 Fu has infringed and has continued to infringe even after entering into a consent final injunction 18 and permanent injunction in Judge Gonzalez Rogers‟s case. See Sandlin, 846 F.2d at 1180 19 (indicating that, when a defendant continues to engage in trademark infringement, there is no other 20 “adequate remedy at law”). As for the balance of hardships, that tips strongly in Chanel‟s favor 21 because Ms. Fu has does not have a cognizable hardship if she is simply unable to sell counterfeit, 22 infringing goods. Finally, the public interest weighs in favor of a permanent injunction because an 23 injunction would both protect Chanel‟s intellectual property rights and would protect the public 24 from counterfeit goods. Accordingly, a permanent injunction is appropriate. As for the terms of the permanent injunction, the Court finds the language proposed by 25 26 Chanel appropriate, with one exception. As noted at the hearing, the Court finds problematic the 27 2 28 Section 17203 of the California Business and Professional Code also provides for injunctive relief when a party engages in unfair competition. See Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17203. 7 1 language proposed by Chanel barring Ms. Fu from using any “layout which may be calculated to 2 falsely advertise the services of products Defendant offered for sale.” Docket No. 61-3 (proposed 3 order) (emphasis added). Because Chanel stated, at the hearing, that it would be amenable to 4 dropping the term “layout” from the permanent injunction (presumably, because this action 5 concerns Ms. Fu‟s sale of infringing goods, and not infringement of the layout of a Chanel store), 6 the Court does not include the term “layout” in the permanent injunction provided for below. 2. 7 Attorney‟s Fees a. 8 Exceptional Case In its opening brief, Chanel initially asked for attorney‟s fees in conjunction with statutory 9 fees may be awarded under 15 U.S.C. § 1117(c) (the provision that allows for statutory damages), 12 For the Northern District of California damages. After the Court asked Chanel to provide supplemental briefing on whether attorney‟s 11 United States District Court 10 or at least where a plaintiff has also requested statutory damages, Chanel amended its request for 13 relief. More specifically, Chanel stated that it no longer seeks statutory damages and requests only 14 attorney‟s fees. Thus, implicitly, Chanel is now asking to be awarded attorney‟s fees under 15 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a) only (i.e., § 1117(c) is no longer implicated at all).3 Under Section 1117(a), a “court in exceptional cases may award reasonable attorney fees 16 17 to the prevailing party.” 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a). In the context of trademark infringement, a case is 18 exceptional when a “defendant acted maliciously, fraudulently, deliberately, or willfully.” 19 Earthquake Sound Corp. v. Bumper Indus., 352 F.3d 1210, 1216 (9th Cir. 2003) (citing Stephen 20 W. Boney, Inc. v. Boney Serv., Inc., 127 F.3d 821, 825-26 (9th Cir.1997)). A defendant acts 21 willfully if the defendant knowingly and intentionally infringed the plaintiff‟s trademark rights. 22 See Earthquake Sound Corp., 352 F.3d at 1216. Here, the instant case clearly qualifies as an exceptional one. There is little doubt that Ms. 23 24 25 26 27 28 3 Because Chanel‟s FAC indicated that a fee request was being made pursuant to § 1117(a), the Court may fairly consider this request for relief. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 54 (c) (stating that “a default judgment must not differ in kind from . . . what is demanded in the pleadings”); PepsiCo, Inc. v. California Sec. Cans, 238 F. Supp. 2d 1172, 1177 (C.D. Cal. 2002) (finding that the relief requested in the default judgment was the same as in the complaint). 8 1 Fu knowingly and intentionally infringed Chanel‟s marks given that she previously consented to a 2 final judgment and permanent injunction in Judge Gonzalez Rogers‟s case but, nevertheless, 3 continued to sell counterfeit, infringing goods. An award of attorney‟s fees is therefore warranted; 4 the only issue is what amount of fees should be awarded. 5 6 b. Amount of fees Chanel seeks attorney‟s fees in the amount of $35,640. This amount is based on certain 7 hourly rates charged by Chanel‟s attorneys/legal assistants and the number of hours expended on 8 the litigation. See Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983) (“The most useful starting 9 point for determining the amount of a reasonable fee is the number of hours reasonably expended 10 Based on the evidence presented, the Court finds the requested hourly rates reasonable 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 11 on the litigation multiplied by a reasonable hourly rate.”). given counsel‟s experience and qualification. See Fallay v. S.F. City & Cty., No. C-08-2261- 13 CRB, 2016 WL 879632, at *6 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 8, 2016) (stating that courts are to look at 14 customary rates charged for work performed in the relevant legal community, the attorneys‟ 15 reputation and experience, the quality of services, complexity of the work performed, and the 16 results); see also Keller Decl. ¶ 10 (noting that partners charged $325-$500 per hour, the associate 17 $325 per hour, and the paralegal $125 per hour). 18 As for the number of hours expended, the Court also finds Chanel‟s request for 100.4 19 hours reasonable. Chanel represents that its attorneys have exercised sounds billing judgment, and 20 the Court‟s own review of the billing records – as well as Chanel‟s representations regarding those 21 records at the hearing on the motion – supports such. See Docket No. 63-2 (Keller Decl. ¶ 9) 22 (stating that counsel is requesting only those “legal fees that were reasonably incurred by Chanel 23 in connection with the preparation of the complaint, the TRO and seizure order, the first amended 24 complaint, case management, including attempts to schedule mediation with the defendant‟s 25 attorney, the case management conferences, the preparation of the request to enter default and the 26 preparation of the motion for entry of default judgment”; adding that deductions were made for 27 “any time related to the seizure of Defendant‟s counterfeit goods and preparing and responding to 28 the court‟s request . . . for an explanation why certain items were seized” and time spent 9 1 “addressing the issues raised by the Court in the supplemental brief except for the request for 2 attorneys‟ fees”). Additionally, Chanel has excluded, from its fee request, all hours incurred by 3 Mr. Gaffigan (the attorney who went outside the seizure order and whose pro hac vice status was 4 revoked as a result). See id. 5 Because the hourly rates requested are reasonable, as are the number of hours given the 6 litigation tasks performed by Chanel‟s counsel, the Court grants the total fee award requested – 7 i.e., $35,640. As for costs, Chanel asks for an award in the amount of $400, which represents the initial 10 filing fee charged by the Court. See Keller Decl. ¶ 15. This cost is appropriate to charge against 11 Ms. Fu under 28 U.S.C. § 1920. See 28 U.S.C. § 1920 (providing that a court may tax as costs 12 For the Northern District of California 3. 9 United States District Court 8 Costs “[f]ees of the clerk”); see also Crawford Fitting Co. v. J. T. Gibbons, Inc., 482 U.S. 437, 441 13 (1987) (allowing federal courts to tax as a cost under its discretionary authority). Accordingly, the 14 Court grants Chanel‟s request for costs in the amount of $400. 15 4. Releasing the Bond 16 Chanel also asks that the Court release the bond that Chanel posted (in the amount of 17 $40,000) as a condition of the issuance of the temporary/preliminary injunctive relief. Because the 18 Court is now at the final judgment stage, Chanel‟s request is fair and reasonable. Cf. Nintendo of 19 Am., Inc. v. Lewis Galoob Toys, Inc., 16 F.3d 1032, 1036 (9th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 20 822 (1994) (finding that “a wrongfully enjoined party is entitled to have the bond executed and 21 recover provable damages up to the amount of the bond.”). Though Nintendo is not entirely on 22 point as it addresses recovery of a bond when a party has been wrongfully enjoined, it may 23 reasonably be inferred that, when a party is lawfully enjoined, then the bond may be released. 24 Thus, the Court orders that the Clerk of the Court release the bond in full to Chanel, including any 25 interest. Destruction of Items Seized from Defendant‟s Property 26 5. 27 Finally, Chanel requests permission to destroy all items bearing the Chanel marks that it 28 seized from Ms. Fu on May 4, 2016. Chanel has submitted a declaration confirming that all the 10 1 items seized on May 4, 2016, were counterfeit and nongenuine. See Vafaeisefat Decl. 2 Accordingly, the Court grants Chanel‟s request for relief and shall permit it to destroy the seized 3 goods. IV. 4 CONCLUSION 5 For the foregoing reasons, the Court orders as follows: 6 1. Chanel‟s motion for a default judgment is granted. 7 2. Chanel is awarded $35,640 in attorneys‟ fees and $400 in costs. 8 3. The Clerk of the Court shall release the $40,000 bond (including interest) to Chanel. 9 Chanel is permitted to destroy all goods seized from Ms. Fu on May 4, 2016. 5. A permanent injunction is entered with the specific terms as follows. 12 For the Northern District of California 4. 11 United States District Court 10 Defendant and her officers, agents, servants, employees and attorneys‟, and all persons 13 acting in concert and participation with Defendant are hereby permanently restrained and enjoined 14 from: 15 (a) Manufacturing or causing to be manufactured, importing, advertising, or promoting, 16 distributing, selling or offering to sell counterfeit and infringing goods using the 17 Chanel Marks identified in Paragraph 7 of the First Amended Complaint; 18 (b) Using the Chanel Marks in connection with the sale of unauthorized goods; 19 (c) Using any logo which may be calculated to falsely advertise the services of products of 20 Defendant offered for sale or sold via any website or business, as being sponsored by, 21 authorized by, endorsed by, or in any way associated with the Plaintiff; 22 23 24 (d) Falsely representing herself or her business as being connected with Plaintiff, through sponsorship or association; (e) Engaging in any act which is likely to falsely cause members of the trade and/or the 25 purchasing public to believe any goods or services of Defendant offered for sale or sold 26 via any website or business are in any way endorsed by, approved by, and /or 27 associated with Plaintiff; 28 (f) Using any reproduction, counterfeit, copy, or colorable imitation of the Chanel Marks 11 1 in connection with the publicity, promotion, sale or advertising of any goods sold by 2 Defendant via any business, including, without limitation, handbags, wallets, shoes, 3 sunglasses, clothing products, watches, and jewelry; 4 (g) Affixing, applying, annexing or using in connection with the sale of any goods, a false 5 description or representation including words or other symbols tending to falsely 6 describe or represent goods offered for sale or sold by Defendant via any website or 7 business, as being those of Plaintiff or in any way endorsed by Plaintiff; 8 (h) Effecting assignments or transfers, forming new entities or associations or utilizing any 9 other device for purpose of circumventing or otherwise avoiding the prohibitions set 10 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 11 13 forth above. The Clerk of the Court is ordered to enter final judgment in accordance with the above and close the file in this case. This order disposes of Docket No. 61. 14 15 IT IS SO ORDERED. 16 17 18 19 Dated: March 22, 2017 ______________________________________ EDWARD M. CHEN United States District Judge 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 12

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