Buckeye Tree Lodge and Sequoia Village Inn, LLC v. Expedia, Inc. et al
ORDER re Motion to Intervene 127 . The motion is construed as a motion for leave to amend the complaint to add additional named plaintiffs. That motion is granted. The hearing scheduled for October 25, 2018 is vacated. Signed by Judge Vince Chhabria. (vclc2S, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 10/17/2018)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
BUCKEYE TREE LODGE AND
SEQUOIA VILLAGE INN, LLC, ET AL.,
Case No. 16-cv-04721-VC
ORDER RE MOTION TO INTERVENE
Re: Dkt. No. 127
EXPEDIA, INC., et al.,
Prospective intervenors, Prospect Historic Hotel and Shiloh Morning Inn, moved to
intervene as of right, and alternatively, as permissive intervenors. The Court doubts Prospect’s
and Shiloh’s claims to intervene as of right under Rule 24(a)(2) because the parties did not show
that their interests would be impaired if not permitted to intervene. Cf. Kamakahi v. American
Soc’y for Reproductive Med., No. 11-CV-01781-JCS, 2015 WL 1926312, at *3 (N.D. Cal.
Apr. 27, 2015). But because the Court will permit these plaintiffs to join the litigation anyway, it
need not resolve the Rule 24(a)(2) issue.
The Court treats Prospect’s and Shiloh’s motion to permissively intervene as a motion to
amend the complaint to add new plaintiffs. Though permissive intervention under Rule 24(b) and
permissive amendment under Rule 15(a)(2) are both avenues by which additional plaintiffs can
be joined, leave-to-amend is a more appropriate procedure when the original plaintiffs in the
action consent to, and in fact welcome, joinder of the new parties. Here, it is apparent that the
original plaintiffs welcome Prospect and Shiloh as parties; in fact, they are represented by the
Rule 15(a)(2) requires the Court to grant leave to amend when “justice so requires.” Cf.
United States v. Alisal Water Corp., 370 F.3d 915, 919 (9th Cir. 2004) (“[T]he requirements for
[Rule 24] intervention are broadly interpreted in favor of intervention.”). Prospect and Shiloh
sought to join this action within the time limit this Court gave the plaintiffs to file a renewed
motion for class certification. It was at the beginning of this time period that this Court first
expressed doubt as to the original plaintiffs’ standing to bring claims for injunctive relief. And it
is reasonable for the plaintiffs to shore up their injunctive relief claims by adding parties with
stronger standing arguments. The Court has already granted the defendants additional time to
complete discovery regarding these new plaintiffs, so they are not prejudiced by Prospect’s and
Shiloh’s entry into the lawsuit at this time. For these reasons, the Court grants leave to the
plaintiffs to file an amended complaint that joins Prospect and Shiloh as plaintiffs.
The hearing on October 25, 2018 is vacated.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: October 17, 2018
United States District Judge
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