Castellanos v. Frauenheim

Filing 17

ORDER TO FILE AN AMENDED PETITION OR MOTION TO STAY. Signed by Judge James Donato on 10/6/17. (lrcS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 10/6/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 ROLANDO CASTELLANOS, Plaintiff, 8 9 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 Case No. 17-cv-01307-JD v. SCOTT FRAUENHEIM, ORDER TO FILE AN AMENDED PETITION OR MOTION TO STAY Defendant. 12 13 Rolando Castellanos, a California prisoner, proceeds with a pro se petition for a writ of 14 habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. The original petition was dismissed with leave to 15 amend or for petitioner to file a motion to stay this action while he exhausts a new claim. 16 BACKGROUND 17 Castellanos was found guilty after a jury trial of second degree murder with firearm 18 allegations. People v. Castellanos, No. A141623, 2015 WL 7300487 (Cal. Ct. App. Nov. 19, 19 2015). He was sentenced to 40 years to life to life in prison. Id. The California Court of Appeal 20 affirmed the conviction and the California Supreme Court denied review. DISCUSSION 21 22 23 STANDARD OF REVIEW This Court may entertain a petition for writ of habeas corpus “in behalf of a person in 24 custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody in 25 violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a); Rose v. 26 Hodges, 423 U.S. 19, 21 (1975). Habeas corpus petitions must meet heightened pleading 27 requirements. McFarland v. Scott, 512 U.S. 849, 856 (1994). An application for a federal writ of 28 1 habeas corpus filed by a prisoner who is in state custody pursuant to a judgment of a state court 2 must “specify all the grounds for relief available to the petitioner ... [and] state the facts supporting 3 each ground.” Rule 2(c) of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases, 28 U.S.C. § 2254. “‘[N]otice’ 4 pleading is not sufficient, for the petition is expected to state facts that point to a ‘real possibility 5 of constitutional error.’” Rule 4 Advisory Committee Notes (quoting Aubut v. Maine, 431 F.2d 6 688, 689 (1st Cir. 1970)). 7 LEGAL CLAIMS 8 In the prior order, the Court noted that petitioner raised the following cognizable claims: 9 (1) the trial court violated his right to call a witness and present a defense by failing to order the 10 sheriff to locate a witness; (2) the trial court erred by failing to declare a mistrial and counsel was 11 United States District Court Northern District of California ineffective for failing to object to extending jury deliberations; (3) the jury was not properly 12 instructed on the defense of justifiable homicide while making a citizen’s arrest which prevented 13 petitioner from presenting a complete defense; and (4) the trial court abused its discretion in 14 denying an evidentiary hearing regarding a juror’s possible concealment of bias during voir dire. 15 It appeared from his filing that all claims had been exhausted except the claim that the trial 16 court erred in failing to declare a mistrial and counsel was infective for failing to object to 17 extending jury deliberations. Petitioner was informed that the petition was mixed and was given 18 the opportunity to proceed in one of three ways. Petitioner could file an amended petition 19 containing only the exhausted claims discussed above or he could file a motion to stay this action 20 pending exhaustion of the unexhausted claim in state court. If the unexhausted claim had been 21 exhausted, petitioner may indicate such and providing the petition to the California Supreme Court 22 and the denial. 23 Petitioner has not filed an amended petition or a motion to stay. He has submitted petitions 24 that he has apparently filed with the state courts. A claim is not exhausted until the California 25 Supreme Court decides the claim on the merits. It is insufficient that petitioner may have filed a 26 petition with the California Supreme Court. If he wishes to stay the petition while he exhausts his 27 claim he must file a motion for stay. 28 2 Petitioner is again reminded that before he may challenge either the fact or length of his 1 2 confinement in a habeas petition in this Court, petitioner must present to the California Supreme 3 Court any claims he wishes to raise in this Court. See Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 522 (1982) 4 (holding every claim raised in federal habeas petition must be exhausted). The general rule is that 5 a federal district court must dismiss a federal habeas petition containing any claim as to which 6 state remedies have not been exhausted. Id. When faced with a post-AEDPA mixed petition, the 7 Court must sua sponte inform the habeas petitioner of the mixed petition deficiency and provide 8 him an opportunity to amend the mixed petition by striking unexhausted claims as an alternative to 9 suffering dismissal before the court may dismiss the petition. Jefferson v. Budge, 419 F.3d 1013, 1016 (9th Cir. 2005) (citing Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269, 277 (2005)) (court’s erroneous 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 dismissal of mixed petition entitled petitioner to equitable tolling of one-year AEDPA statute of 12 limitations from the date the first habeas petition was dismissed until the date the second habeas 13 petition was filed). In Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269 (2005) the United States Supreme Court found that a 14 15 stay and abeyance of a mixed federal petition should be available only in the limited circumstance 16 that good cause is shown for a failure to have first exhausted the claims in state court, that the 17 claim or claims at issue potentially have merit and that there has been no indication that petitioner 18 has been intentionally dilatory in pursuing the litigation. Rhines, supra, at 277-78. If petitioner wishes to stay this action, he shall file a motion addressing the Rhines factors. 19 20 In the alternative, petitioner may file a motion for a stay pursuant to the three-step procedure 21 outlined in Kelly v. Small, 315 F.3d 1063 (9th Cir. 2003) and King v. Ryan, 564 F.3d 1133 (9th 22 Cir. 2009).1 A petitioner seeking to avail himself of the Kelly three-step procedure is not required 23 to show good cause, as under Rhines, but rather must show that the amendment of any newly 24 exhausted claims back into the petition satisfies both Mayle v. Felix, 545 U.S. 644, 655 (2005), by 25 26 27 28 1 “Pursuant to the Kelly procedure, (1) a petitioner amends his petition to delete any unexhausted claims; (2) the court stays and holds in abeyance the amended, fully exhausted petition, allowing the petitioner the opportunity to proceed to state court to exhaust the deleted claims; and (3) the petitioner later amends his petition and re-attaches the newly-exhausted claims to the original petition.” King v. Ryan, 564 F.3d at 1134 (citing Kelly, 315 F.3d at 1070-71). 3 1 sharing a “common core of operative facts” and Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167 (2001), by 2 complying with the statute of limitations. King, 564 F.3d at 1141-43 (finding district court’s 3 dismissal of unexhausted claims was improper because petitioner was not required to show good 4 cause to avail himself of the Kelly three-part procedure but affirming the dismissal as harmless 5 because the unexhausted claims did not relate back to the claims in the original petition that were 6 fully exhausted at the time of filing). However, no statute of limitations protection is imparted by 7 such a stay, nor are exhausted claims adjudicated during the pendency of such a stay.2 Petitioner still must file an amended petition and a motion for a stay if he wishes to stay 8 9 this case or he can elect to proceed only with the exhausted claims. CONCLUSION 10 1. United States District Court Northern District of California 11 Within twenty-one (21) days of service of this order, petitioner must inform the 12 Court of which option he intends to follow and either file an amended petition with only the 13 exhausted claims or a motion to stay following either the Rhines or Kelly procedures as described 14 above, or demonstrate the claim three is exhausted. Failure to file an amended petition or file a 15 motion to stay within the designated time may result in the dismissal of this action. 2. 16 Petitioner must keep the Court informed of any change of address and must comply 17 with the Court’s orders in a timely fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this 18 action for failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). See Martinez v. 19 Johnson, 104 F.3d 769, 772 (5th Cir. 1997) (Rule 41(b) applicable in habeas cases). IT IS SO ORDERED. 20 21 Dated: October 6, 2017 22 23 JAMES DONATO United States District Judge 24 25 2 26 27 28 Petitioner is cautioned that the habeas corpus statute imposes a one-year statute of limitations for filing non-capital habeas corpus petitions in federal court. In most cases, the one year period will start to run on the date on which the state court judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of time for seeking direct review, although the statute of limitations is tolled while a properly filed application for state post-conviction or other collateral review is pending. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). 4 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 3 4 ROLANDO CASTELLANOS, Case No. 17-cv-01307-JD Plaintiff, 5 v. CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE 6 7 SCOTT FRAUENHEIM, Defendant. 8 9 10 I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I am an employee in the Office of the Clerk, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. United States District Court Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 That on October 6, 2017, I SERVED a true and correct copy(ies) of the attached, by placing said copy(ies) in a postage paid envelope addressed to the person(s) hereinafter listed, by depositing said envelope in the U.S. Mail, or by placing said copy(ies) into an inter-office delivery receptacle located in the Clerk's office. 16 17 18 19 Rolando Castellanos AT2857 Pleasant Valley State Prison P.O. Box 8500 Coalinga, CA 93210-8500 20 21 Dated: October 6, 2017 22 23 24 Susan Y. Soong Clerk, United States District Court 25 26 27 By:________________________ LISA R. CLARK, Deputy Clerk to the Honorable JAMES DONATO 28 5

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