Qureshi v. Autoreturn Commercial Solutions, LLC

Filing 8


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1 2 3 4 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 RICK QURESHI, Petitioner, 8 v. 9 10 11 AUTORETURN COMMERCIAL SOLUTIONS, LLC, Respondant. United States District Court Northern District of California Case No. 17-cv-06901-MMC ORDER GRANTING APPLICATION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS; DENYING PETITION FOR WRIT OF MANDAMUS Re: Dkt. Nos. 1, 4 12 13 Before the Court is petitioner Rick Qureshi’s (“Qureshi”) (1) “Application to 14 Proceed In Forma Pauperis” (“Application”), filed December 4, 2017, and (2) “Verified 15 Petition for Writ of Mandamus [and] Emergency Relief to Stay Sale of Vehicle Due to 16 Denial of Substantive Due Process” (“Petition”), filed December 4, 2017, by which 17 Qureshi seeks an order enjoining a sale by respondant Autoreturn Commercial Solutions, 18 LLC (“Autoreturn”), a “contracted towing company for the San Francisco Police 19 Department and San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority.” (See Petition at 20 1:19-20.)1 The Court, having read and considered both the Application and Petition, rules 21 as follows. 22 23 24 25 First, having read and considered the Application, the Court finds good cause has been shown, and hereby GRANTS the Application. The Court next turns to the Petition, and, at the outset, Qureshi’s request for emergency relief, which the Court construes as a request for a temporary restraining 26 27 28 1 The sale is scheduled to be conducted on December 6, 2017. The matter was reassigned to the undersigned on today’s date. 1 order (“TRO”). A plaintiff seeking a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction must 3 establish: “(1) that he is likely to succeed on the merits[;] (2) that he is likely to suffer 4 irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief[;] (3) that the balance of equities tips 5 in his favor[;] and (4) that an injunction is in the public interest.” See Hernandez v. 6 Sessions, 872 F.3d 976, 989–90 (9th Cir. 2017) (internal quotations and citation omitted). 7 Alternatively, a plaintiff may show “serious questions going to the merits” and “a balance 8 of hardships that tips sharply towards the plaintiff,” provided “the plaintiff also shows that 9 there is a likelihood of irreparable injury and that the injunction is in the public interest.” 10 See Alliance for the Wild Rockies v. Cottrell, 632 F.3d 1127, 1135 (9th Cir. 2011); see 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 2 also Koller v. Brown, 224 F. Supp. 3d 871, 875 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 16, 2016) (holding “[t]he 12 standard for issuing a TRO is the same as that for the issuance of [a] preliminary 13 injunction”) (citing New Motor Vehicle Bd. of Cal. v. Orrin W. Fox Co., 434 U.S. 1345, 14 1347 n.2 (1977)). As set forth below, the Court finds Qureshi has failed to show he is 15 entitled to such relief. 16 First, Qureshi has not shown he is likely to succeed on the merits of his petition for 17 a writ of mandamus, nor has he raised serious questions going to the merits of such 18 petition. “[D]istrict courts . . . have original jurisdiction of any action in the nature of 19 mandamus to compel an officer or employee of the United States or any agency thereof 20 to perform a duty owed to plaintiff.” See 28 U.S.C. § 1361. Qureshi, however, does not 21 seek to compel performance by a federal officer, employee, or agency. Rather, Qureshi 22 seeks to compel performance by a private business entity acting either on behalf of itself 23 or a local municipality. Second, Qureshi has failed to show he will suffer irreparable harm 24 as a result of the sale of his vehicle. See Idaho v. Coeur d’Alene Tribe, 794 F.3d 1039, 25 1046 (9th Cir. 2015) (holding “[p]urely economic harms are generally not irreparable, as 26 money lost may be recovered later, in the ordinary course of litigation”). 27 28 In light of the above, the Court does not proceed to the third and fourth elements, as, even if Qureshi were able to make an adequate showing with regard to those 2 1 elements, such showing would be unavailing. See All. for the Wild Rockies v. Cottrell, 2 632 F.3d 1127, 1135 (9th Cir. 2011) (holding plaintiff must “make a showing on all four 3 prongs” of test for injunctive relief). 4 Accordingly, Qureshi’s request for emergency relief is hereby DENIED.2 5 The Court next turns to the requested writ of mandamus. Where, as here, a party 6 proceeds in forma pauperis, the Court “shall dismiss the case” if it determines the action 7 is “frivolous or malicious” or “fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted.” See 8 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). As set forth above, Qureshi is not entitled to a writ of 9 mandamus as he cannot state as against a private entity or municipality a claim for such 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 relief. Accordingly, the Petition is hereby DISMISSED, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 12 § 1915(e)(2)(B), and the Court will afford Qureshi leave to amend to plead, if he can do 13 so, a viable claim. If Qureshi chooses to amend, his amended pleading must be filed no 14 later than December 19, 2017. 15 16 IT IS SO ORDERED. 17 18 Dated: December 4, 2017 MAXINE M. CHESNEY United States District Judge 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 The Court notes Qureshi has not stated that he notified Autoreturn of his request for emergency relief, nor has he made any showing as to why such notice should not be required. See Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 65(b)(1)(B) (providing court may issue temporary restraining order without notice to adverse party or its attorney only if movant “certifies in writing any efforts made to give notice and the reasons why it should not be required”). Accordingly, Qureshi’s request is DENIED on this additional ground as well. 3

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