Parker v. Cullen

Filing 46

ORDER re 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus filed by Clifford L. Parker, ***Civil Case Terminated.. Signed by Judge ARMSTRONG on 8/30/10. (lrc, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 8/30/2010)

Download PDF
Parker v. Cullen Doc. 46 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 v. A. P. KANE, Warden, IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA CLIFFORD LELIKONA PARKER, Petitioner, No. C 03-4924 SBA (PR) ORDER GRANTING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS Respondent. / On November 4, 2003, Petitioner Clifford Lelikona Parker filed a petition in this district for a writ for habeas corpus concerning the decisions by the California Board of Parole Hearings (Board)1 to deny him parole in 2001 and 2004. His petition was denied. He timely appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. On August 2, 2010, the Ninth Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part the decision of the district court. As to the 2001 Board decision, the Ninth Circuit concluded that the "state court did not unreasonably conclude that some evidence supports the Board's 2001 decision." (Ninth Cir. Aug. 2, 2010 Memorandum at 2.) However, as to the 2004 Board decision, the Ninth Circuit held that the "state court unreasonably concluded that some evidence supports the Board's 2004 decision." (Id. (citing Hayward v. Marshall, 603 F.3d 546, 562 (9th Cir. 2010) (en banc) ("The prisoner's aggravated offense does not establish current dangerousness 'unless the record also established that something in the prisoner's pre- or post-incarceration history, or his or her current demeanor and mental state' supports the inference of dangerousness.") (quoting In re Lawrence, 190 P.3d 535, 555 (Cal. 2008)). The Ninth Circuit reversed the district court with respect to the Board's 2004 decision and remanded with instructions to grant the writ. The mandate of the Ninth Circuit issued on August 24, 2010. In accordance with the Ninth Circuit's mandate, Petitioner's petition for a writ of habeas corpus is GRANTED, as directed below. On July 1, 2005, the California Board of Parole Hearings replaced the Board of Prison Terms. Cal. Pen. Code 5075(a). 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Also before the Court is Petitioner's "Request for Relief in Compliance with Order from Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals" (docket no. 39). Respondent has filed an opposition and a supplemental opposition to the motion for relief. While the aforementioned appeal was pending, the record shows that the Board granted Petitioner parole during his parole suitability hearing on September 2, 2009. (Resp't Ex. 1; Pet'r August 11, 2010 Motion at 1.) Pursuant to California Penal Code 3041.1, the Governor requested an en banc review of the parole grant, and the Board, sitting en banc, voted to hold a rescission hearing. (Resp't Ex. 2, Dec. 31, 2009 En Banc Board Request; Ex. 3, Feb. 22, 2010 En Banc Board Decision at 2.) During the Aug. 4, 2010 rescission hearing, the Board found no good cause to rescind its decision and affirmed the 2009 decision finding Petitioner suitable for parole. (Resp't Ex. 4, Aug. 4, 2010 Board Decision.) The Board's decision became final on August 25, 2010, and the Board has prepared a memorandum ordering Petitioner's release on parole. (Resp't Ex. 5, Aug. 25, 2010 Board Memo.) Petitioner requests for relief in compliance with the Ninth Circuit's mandate. He also argues that he is entitled to discharge from parole upon release because he should be credited against his parole with the excess time he served, stating: "Petitioner requests that this Court order him discharged from parole, since the addition of time he has served since 2004 far except the statutory parole period." (Pet'r August 11, 2010 Motion at 2.) Petitioner contends that his parole term is a five year parole period. (Id. at 1.) He claims that had he been released on the date to which he was entitled in 2004 (had he been found suitable for parole by the Board), his five-year parole period would have long since expired. (Id. at 1-2.) Respondent, who filed a Supplemental Opposition after the Board has issued its August 25, 2010 Memorandum ordering Petitioner's release on parole, requests that Petitioner's motion for relief be denied as moot, stating: "Parker's imminent release on parole renders this relief meaningless." (Supp. Opp'n at 3.) Respondent also opposes Petitioner's request to eliminate his parole period, stating, "Although the Ninth Circuit has determined that Parker is entitled to habeas relief, he is not entitled to the complete elimination of his parole period." (Resp't Aug. 20, 2010 Opp'n at 8.) Petitioner's motion for relief is GRANTED in part as to his 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 request for relief in compliance with the Ninth Circuit's mandate. Accordingly, this case is remanded to the Board to carry out its 2009 decision that Petitioner is suitable for parole. However, the Court will not grant Petitioner's request that this Court order him discharged from parole. The Court abstains from making this decision and instead remands to the Board for its determination of the length of Petitioner's parole term and whether he should be discharged rather than paroled. CONCLUSION Accordingly, the Court grants the petition for a writ of habeas corpus, vacates its December 22, 2006 habeas denial relating to the Board's 2004 denial, and remands to the Board to implement its 2009 decision finding Petitioner suitable for parole. Petitioner's motion for relief is GRANTED in part as to his request for relief in compliance with the Ninth Circuit's mandate, and the Court abstains from ruling on Petitioner's request that this Court order him discharged from parole. The Board shall determine the length of Petitioner's parole term, if any. Within three (3) days of the date of this Order, Respondent shall notify the Court of Petitioner's parole date. Within three (3) days thereafter, Respondents shall notify the Court whether Petitioner has been released. The Court retains jurisdiction to enforce its Order. The Clerk shall enter judgment and close the case. This Order terminates Docket no. 39. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: 8/30/10 _______________________________ SAUNDRA BROWN ARMSTRONG United States District Judge G:\PRO-SE\SBA\HC.03\Parker4924.remand-gran3HC.wpd t 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA PARKER, Plaintiff, v. CULLEN, Defendant. / Case Number: CV03-04924 SBA CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I am an employee in the Office of the Clerk, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. That on August 30, 2010, I SERVED a true and correct copy(ies) of the attached, by placing said copy(ies) in a postage paid envelope addressed to the person(s) hereinafter listed, by depositing said envelope in the U.S. Mail, or by placing said copy(ies) into an inter-office delivery receptacle located in the Clerk's office. Clifford L. Parker J-43369 BW-226U PO Box 689 Soledad, CA 93960-0689 Dated: August 30, 2010 Richard W. Wieking, Clerk By: LISA R CLARK, Deputy Clerk G:\PRO-SE\SBA\HC.03\Parker4924.remand-gran4HC.wpd t

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?