Lee v. Clark

Filing 35

ORDER DENYING MOTIONS FOR CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY AND FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS by Judge Phyllis J. Hamilton denying 29 Motion for Certificate of Appealability; denying 31 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis (Attachments: # 1 Certificate of Service) (nah, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/2/2010)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 vs. DERRAL G. ADAMS, Warden, Respondent. / ANTONE LEE, Petitioner, No. C 08-1200 PJH (PR) ORDER DENYING MOTIONS FOR CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY AND FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA United United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 This is a habeas case under 28 U.S.C. 2254 filed pro se by a state prisoner. Petitioner has filed a notice of appeal, a motion to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") on appeal, and a motion for a certificate of appealability ("COA") DISCUSSION A petitioner may not appeal a final order in a federal habeas corpus proceeding without first obtaining a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. 2253(c); Fed. R. App. P. 22(b). Section 2253(c)(1) applies to an appeal of a final order entered on a procedural question antecedent to the merits, for instance a dismissal on statute of limitations grounds, as here. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483 (2000). "Determining whether a COA should issue where the petition was dismissed on procedural grounds has two components, one directed at the underlying constitutional claims and one directed at the district court's procedural holding." Id. at 484-85. "When the district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the prisoner's underlying constitutional claim, a COA should issue when the prisoner shows, at least, that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling." Id. at 484. As each of these components is a "threshold inquiry," the federal court "may find that it can dispose of the application in a fair and prompt manner if it proceeds first to resolve the issue whose answer is more apparent from the record and arguments." Id. at 485. Supreme Court jurisprudence "allows and encourages" federal courts to first resolve the procedural issue, as was done here. See id. For the reasons set out in the order denying the petition, the court concludes that reasonable jurists would not find the court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong. The request for a certificate of appealability (document number 29 on the docket) is DENIED. Petitioner's motion for leave to proceed IFP on appeal (document 31) is DENIED without prejudice to renewing it if the Court of Appeals grants a COA. The clerk shall transmit the file, including a copy of this order, to the Court of Appeals. See Fed. R.App.P. 22(b); United States v. Asrar, 116 F.3d 1268, 1270 (9th Cir. 1997). Petitioner may then ask the Court of Appeals to issue the certificate, see R.App.P. 22(b)(1), or if he does not, the notice of appeal will be construed as such a request, see R.App.P. 22(b)(2). IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: March 2, 2010. United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 PHYLLIS J. HAMILTON United States District Judge P:\PRO-SE\PJH\HC.08\LEE1200.COA.wpd 2

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