Greer v. Montgomery

Filing 4

ORDER STAYING CASE, STATUS REPORT ORDER DUE QUARTERLY, Motions terminated: 2 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis filed by Lee John Greer, 3 MOTION to Stay filed by Lee John Greer., ***Civil Case Terminated.. Signed by Judge ARMSTRONG on 6/25/10. (lrc, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 6/25/2010)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Petitioner, a state prisoner, has filed this petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254 and an application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. Petitioner has also filed a motion to stay his federal petition while he exhausts his remedies in state court. Prisoners in state custody who wish to challenge in federal habeas proceedings either the fact or length of their confinement are first required to exhaust state judicial remedies by presenting the highest state court available with a fair opportunity to rule on the merits of each and every claim they seek to raise in federal court. See 28 U.S.C. 2254(b),(c)); Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 51516 (1982). If available state remedies have not been exhausted as to all claims, the district court must dismiss the petition. Id. at 510; Guizar v. Estelle, 843 F.2d 371, 372 (9th Cir. 1988). A dismissal solely for failure to exhaust is not a bar to returning to federal court after exhausting available state remedies. See Trimble v. City of Santa Rosa, 49 F.3d 583, 586 (9th Cir. 1995). Petitioners may seek a stay of the petition pursuant to Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 125 S. Ct. 1807, 1813-14 (2005), under which a prisoner may file a protective petition in federal court and ask the court to stay federal habeas proceedings until all state remedies are exhausted. District courts have LEE JOHN GREER, Petitioner, v. WARDEN OF CORCORAN STATE PRISON, et al., Respondents. / No. C 10-02380 SBA (PR) ORDER GRANTING IN FORMA PAUPERIS STATUS; STAYING HABEAS PROCEEDINGS; DIRECTING PETITIONER TO FILE QUARTERLY STATUS REPORTS; AND DIRECTING CLERK TO ADMINISTRATIVELY CLOSE THIS CASE UNTIL THE COURT ISSUES ORDER LIFTING STAY IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 the authority to issue stays, and the habeas statute does not deprive them of that authority. Rhines v. Webber, 125 S. Ct. 1528, 1535 (2005). A stay is appropriate where the district court determines that good cause existed for the petitioner's failure to exhaust his claims in state court, and that such claims are potentially meritorious. Id.; see also Pace, 125 S. Ct. at 1813-14. Here, it appears that good cause exists for Petitioner's failure to exhaust his claims on direct appeal because his claims could be raised by way of state habeas corpus. Moreover, the claims state cognizable bases for federal habeas relief. This is Petitioner's first habeas petition, and there is no evidence that he seeks the stay for improper purposes. See Fetterly v. Paskett, 997 F.2d 1295, 130102 (9th Cir. 1993) (holding that a stay for the purpose of permitting exhaustion of unexhausted claims should be granted only if the claims petitioner seeks to pursue are cognizable under 2254; there is a likelihood of prejudice to petitioner if the stay is not granted; and there is no evidence that the motion for a stay is brought to delay, vex, or harass, or that the request is an abuse of the writ). Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Petitioner's request for a stay. These proceedings are hereby STAYED pending Petitioner's exhaustion of his state judicial remedies. Petitioner must act diligently in exhausting his state judicial remedies, or the stay may be lifted. He must file quarterly reports describing the progress of his state court proceedings, commencing thirty (30) days from the date of this Order and continuing every ninety (90) days thereafter until his state court proceedings are terminated. He must also attach to his status reports copies of the cover page of any document that he files with or receives from the state courts relating to the claims. The Clerk of the Court shall ADMINISTRATIVELY CLOSE the file pending the stay of this action. Nothing further will take place in this action until Petitioner receives a final decision from the highest state court and, within thirty (30) days of doing so, moves to reopen the action, lift the Court's stay and amend the stayed petition to add the newly-exhausted claims. Petitioner's application to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED. This Order terminates Docket nos. 2, 3. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: 6/25/10 SAUNDRA BROWN ARMSTRONG United States District Judge 2 G:\PRO-SE\SBA\HC.10\Greer2380.Stay.frm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA LEE JOHN GREER, Plaintiff, v. WARDEN OF CORCORAN STATE PRISON et al, Defendant. / Case Number: CV10-02380 SBA CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I am an employee in the Office of the Clerk, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. That on June 25, 2010, I SERVED a true and correct copy(ies) of the attached, by placing said copy(ies) in a postage paid envelope addressed to the person(s) hereinafter listed, by depositing said envelope in the U.S. Mail, or by placing said copy(ies) into an inter-office delivery receptacle located in the Clerk's office. Lee John Greer F-81959 Corcoran State Prison 4001 King Road Corcoran, CA 93212 Dated: June 25, 2010 Richard W. Wieking, Clerk By: LISA R CLARK, Deputy Clerk G:\PRO-SE\SBA\HC.10\Greer2380.Stay.frm 3

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