Yamagishi v. Bank of America, N.A. et al

Filing 6

ORDER REGARDING APPLICATION FOR TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE REGARDING JURISDICTION. Temporary Restraining Order Hearing set for 12/4/2014 01:30 PM. Signed by Judge JEFFREY S. WHITE on 12/3/14. (jjoS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 12/3/2014) Modified on 12/3/2014 (jjoS, COURT STAFF).

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1 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 RENEE SHIZUE YAMAGISHI, Plaintiff, 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 12 No. C 14-05293 JSW v. BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., Defendant. 13 / ORDER REGARDING APPLICATION FOR TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE REGARDING JURISDICTION 14 15 The Court has just received Plaintiff’s application for a temporary restraining order 16 (“TRO”) and an order to show cause re preliminary injunction.1 In the papers submitted, it 17 appears that a foreclosure and eviction are scheduled for tomorrow, December 4, 2014. 18 Accordingly, the Court has no option but to set an expedited briefing schedule as well as issue 19 an order to show cause regarding jurisdiction. 20 In the event the Court determines that it has jurisdiction to adjudicate the parties’ 21 dispute, a hearing on the TRO shall be held on December 4, 2014 at 1:30 p.m. Accordingly, 22 Defendants shall file a response to the application by no later than December 3, 2014 at 3:00 23 p.m. Should Plaintiff elect to file a reply, it shall be due no later than December 4, 2014 at 24 10:00 a.m. 25 26 27 28 The application is entitled ex parte and was filed on December 2, 2014. Plaintiff is HEREBY ORDERED to serve Defendants with all of her case filings and TRO papers and this Order by no later than December 3, 2014 at 11:30 a.m. and shall file proof of such service at its completion. 1 1 Federal courts are under a duty to raise and decide issues of subject matter jurisdiction 2 sua sponte at any time it appears subject matter jurisdiction may be lacking. Fed. R. Civ. P. 12; 3 Augustine v. United States, 704 F.2d 1074, 1077 (9th Cir. 1983). If the Court determines that 4 subject matter jurisdiction is lacking, the Court must dismiss the case. Id.; Fed. R. Civ. P. 5 12(h)(3). Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. See, e.g., Kokkonen v. Guardian Life 6 Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). Federal courts can only adjudicate cases which the 7 Constitution or Congress authorize them to adjudicate: those cases involving diversity of 8 citizenship (where the parties are from diverse states), or a federal question, or those cases to 9 which the United States is a party. See, e.g., Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Insurance Co. of America, 511 U.S. 375 (1994). Federal courts are presumptively without jurisdiction over civil 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 cases and the burden of establishing the contrary rests upon the party asserting jurisdiction. Id. 12 at 377. The United States is not a party to this case. 13 Having reviewed the complaint, it appears that Plaintiff claims federal jurisdiction for 14 violations of the United States Constitution, specifically the Fifth Amendment and Fourteenth 15 Amendment for violations of due process. Title 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 provides the vehicle 16 for asserting a claim for violations of the Constitution. However, to sustain a claim under this 17 statute, a plaintiff must establish two essential elements: “(1) that the conduct complained of 18 was committed by a person acting under color of state law; and (2) that the conduct deprived 19 plaintiff of a federal constitutional or statutory right.” Wood v. Ostrander, 879 F.2d 583, 587 20 (9th Cir. 1989). Here, Plaintiff does not specify a defendant acting as a state actor for purposes 21 of her due process claims and her claims are subject to dismissal by this Court. See, e.g., 22 Brashears v. Bank of America Home Loans, 2013 WL 5741832, at *8 (C.D. Cal. Oct. 22, 2013). 23 Without a valid federal claim, either under 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 or any other federal statute, 24 this Court lacks jurisdiction over this action. 25 Therefore, Plaintiff is HEREBY ORDERED TO SHOW CAUSE in writing, by 26 December 3, 2014 by 3:00 p.m. why this action should not be dismissed for lack of 27 jurisdiction. If Plaintiff can demonstrate that this Court has jurisdiction, the Court will hear 28 their application for a restraining order on December 4, 2014 at 1:30 p.m. Plaintiff is 2 1 admonished that her failure to respond this Order by December 3, 2014 at 3:00 p.m., will 2 result in a dismissal of this action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. 3 Should the Court find it lacks jurisdiction to hear this matter, it will dismiss. Should the 4 Court find cause to exercise jurisdiction, it will hold a hearing on the application for a TRO on 5 December 4, 2014 at 1:30 p.m. Should no further order issue, the parties shall appear at that 6 time. 7 IT IS SO ORDERED. 8 9 Dated: December 3, 2014 JEFFREY S. WHITE UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 FOR THE 3 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 4 5 6 RENEE SHIZUE YAMAGISHI, Plaintiff, 7 8 9 CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE v. BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. et al, Defendant. / 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 Case Number: CV14-05293 JSW 12 13 14 I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I am an employee in the Office of the Clerk, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. That on December 3, 2014, I SERVED a true and correct copy(ies) of the attached, hand delivery in the Clerk's office. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Renee Shizue Yamagishi 2703 Mathews Street Berkeley, CA 94702 Dated: December 3, 2014 Richard W. Wieking, Clerk By: Jennifer Ottolini, Deputy Clerk

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