Jones v. Davey

Filing 13

ORDER by Judge Haywood S. Gilliam, Jr. GRANTING 8 MOTION TO DISMISS; DENYING CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(ndrS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 8/8/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 DAMON L. JONES, Petitioner, 8 ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO DISMISS; DENYING CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY v. 9 10 Re: Dkt. No. 8 MICHAEL SEXTON, Warden, Respondent. 11 United States District Court Northern District of California Case No. 16-cv-05239-HSG 12 Petitioner, a state prisoner incarcerated at Corcoran State Prison,1 has filed this pro se 13 14 action for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Respondent has moved to 15 dismiss the petition as untimely. Dkt. No. 8. Petitioner has not filed an opposition, and the 16 deadline to do so has long since passed. BACKGROUND 17 On July 19, 2012, in Alameda County Superior Court, a jury found Petitioner guilty of 18 19 first-degree murder, and also found true the allegation of personal and intentional use of a firearm, 20 causing great bodily injury and death. Docket No. 1 (“Pet.”) at 2 and Dkt. No. 8 at 7–8. That 21 same day, the trial court sentenced Petitioner to two consecutive terms of twenty-five years to life 22 in state prison. Pet. at 1 and Dkt. No. 8 at 8–9. On August 9, 2012, Petitioner appealed his conviction, Dkt. 8 at 9, and on April 2, 2014, 23 24 the California Court of Appeal affirmed Petitioner’s judgment in an unpublished decision, id. at 7– 25 26 27 28 1 Petitioner initially named Dave Davey as the respondent in this action. In accordance with Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Rule 2(a) of the Rules Governing Habeas Corpus Cases Under Section 2254, the Clerk of the Court is directed to substitute Michael Sexton, the current warden of Corcoran State Prison, in place of the previously named respondent because Warden Sexton is Petitioner’s current custodian. 1 22. On June 18, 2014, the California Supreme Court denied Petitioner’s petition for review. Id. at 2 24. On October 27, 2015, Petitioner filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus in Alameda 3 4 County Superior Court, Dkt. No. 8 at 26, which was denied on December 23, 2015, as untimely, 5 procedurally barred, and on the merits, id. at 26–27. On March 14, 2016, Petitioner filed a petition 6 for a writ of habeas corpus in the California Supreme Court, which was denied on May 11, 2016. 7 Id. at 30. The instant federal petition for a writ of habeas corpus was filed on September 2, 2016.2 8 DISCUSSION 9 10 A. Statute of Limitations United States District Court Northern District of California 11 The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”) imposed for the 12 first time a statute of limitations on petitions for a writ of habeas corpus filed by state prisoners. 13 As a general rule, petitions filed by prisoners challenging noncapital state convictions or sentences 14 must be filed within one year of the latest of the date on which the judgment became final after the 15 conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review. 28 U.S.C. § 16 2244(d)(1)(A). “Direct review” includes the period within which a petitioner can file a petition for 17 a writ of certiorari from the United States Supreme Court, whether or not the petitioner actually 18 files such a petition. Bowen v. Roe, 188 F.3d 1157, 1159 (9th Cir. 1999). Accordingly, if a 19 petitioner fails to seek a writ of certiorari from the United States Supreme Court, AEDPA’s one- 20 year limitations period begins to run on the date the ninety-day period defined by Supreme Court 21 Rule 13 expires. See Miranda v. Castro, 292 F.3d 1063, 1065 (9th Cir. 2002) (where petitioner 22 did not file petition for certiorari, his conviction became final 90 days after the California Supreme 23 Court denied review); Bowen, 188 F.3d at 1159 (same). 24 25 26 27 28 2 Although the petition was docketed on September 13, 2016, the petition has a signature date of September 2, 2016, Pet. at 12; the proof of service also has a signature date of September 2, 2016, Dkt. No. 1-1 at 1; and the envelope is signed by a prison official on September 2, 2016, Dkt. No. 1-2 at 3. As a pro se prisoner, Petitioner receives the benefit of the prisoner mailbox rule, which deems most documents filed when the prisoner gives them to prison officials to mail to the court. See Stillman v. LaMarque, 319 F.3d 1199, 1201 (9th Cir. 2003). The Court therefore deems the federal petition filed as of September 2, 2016. 2 Here, because Petitioner did not seek a writ of certiorari from the United States Supreme 1 2 Court, Petitioner’s judgment became final on September 16, 2014, ninety days after the state 3 supreme court denied review on June 18, 2014. Petitioner therefore had one year, or until 4 September 16, 2015, to file his federal habeas petition. Evans v. Chavis, 546 U.S. 189, 200 5 (2006); Patterson v. Stewart, 251 F.3d 1243, 1245 (9th Cir. 2001). The instant petition was filed 6 September 2, 2016, nearly a year after the limitations period expired. The instant petition is 7 therefore untimely unless Petitioner is entitled to statutory tolling of the one-year limitations 8 period pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2).3 Section 2244(d)(2) provides for tolling of the one-year statute of limitations for the “time 10 during which a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 9 respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is pending . . .” 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2). However, a 12 state habeas petition filed after AEDPA’s statute of limitations ended cannot toll the limitations 13 period. See Ferguson v. Palmateer, 321 F.3d 820, 823 (9th Cir. 2003) (“[S]ection 2244(d) does 14 not permit the reinitiation of the limitations period that has ended before the state petition was 15 filed,” even if state petition was timely filed) (holding that Oregon’s two-year limitations period 16 for filing of state habeas petitions does not alter operation of AEDPA, even though prisoners who 17 take full advantage of two-year period will forfeit right to federal habeas review); Jiminez v. Rice, 18 276 F.3d 478, 482 (9th Cir. 2001) (same). In other words, Section 2244(d)(2) cannot “revive” the 19 limitations period once it has run (i.e., restart the clock to zero); it can only serve to pause a clock 20 that has not yet fully run. See, e.g., Rashid v. Khulmann, 991 F. Supp. 254, 259 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) 21 (“Once the limitations period is expired, collateral petitions can no longer serve to avoid the 22 statute of limitations.”). Here, Petitioner filed a state habeas petition in Alameda County Superior 23 Court on October 27, 2015, approximately six weeks after the limitations period expired on 24 3 25 26 27 28 A delayed petition can also be rendered timely if a petition is entitled to delayed commencement of the limitations period pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(B)-(D); or to equitable tolling of the limitations period, Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 645 (2010) (AEDPA’s statute of limitations subject to equitable tolling in appropriate cases); or if the “miscarriage of justice” exception applies, see McQuiggin v. Perkins, 133 S. Ct. 1924, 1931–32 (2013) (miscarriage of justice (actual innocence) showing applies to claims filed after AEDPA statute of limitations has run). However, Petitioner does not argue that any of these exceptions are applicable to his petition, so the Court does not discuss these exceptions. 3 1 September 16, 2015. Petitioner is therefore not entitled to statutory tolling of the limitations 2 period under section 2244(d)(1). Moreover, when a state collateral petition is denied as untimely under state law, as it was 3 here, Dkt. No. 8 at 26‒27, it is not considered “properly filed” for the purposes of Section 5 2244(d)(2) and cannot toll AEDPA’s one-year statute of limitations. Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 6 U.S. 408, 428 (2005). The fact that California provides exceptions to its timely filing requirement 7 does not prevent an application from being considered improperly filed. Bonner v. Carey, 425 8 F.3d at 1145, 1148‒49 (9th Cir. 2005) (state court’s rejection of petition because petitioner 9 repeated same claims in earlier petition or could have included the claims in the earlier petition 10 and did not state reason for any delay in this regard was rejection for untimeliness, and petition 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 4 thus was never “properly filed” for purposes of tolling provision, notwithstanding existence of 12 exceptions to timeliness requirement and fact that court also denied petition on merits). 13 B. 14 Certificate of Appealability The federal rules governing habeas cases brought by state prisoners require a district court 15 that issues an order denying a habeas petition to either grant or deny therein a certificate of 16 appealability. See Rules Governing Habeas Corpus Cases Under Section 2254, Rule 11(a). 17 A judge shall grant a certificate of appealability “only if the applicant has made a 18 substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right,” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2), and the 19 certificate must indicate which issues satisfy this standard, id. § 2253(c)(3). “Where a district 20 court has rejected the constitutional claims on the merits, the showing required to satisfy § 2253(c) 21 is straightforward: [t]he petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district 22 court’s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 23 473, 484 (2000). 24 25 Here, Petitioner has not made such a showing, and, accordingly, a certificate of appealability will be denied. 26 27 28 4 CONCLUSION 1 2 For the reasons stated above, Respondent’s motion to dismiss the petition as untimely is 3 GRANTED. The petition for a writ of habeas corpus is DENIED as untimely, and a certificate of 4 appealability is DENIED. 5 The Clerk shall enter judgment in favor of Respondent and close the file. 6 IT IS SO ORDERED. 7 8 9 Dated: 8/8/2017 ______________________________________ HAYWOOD S. GILLIAM, JR. United States District Judge 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5

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