Briseno v. Fisher

Filing 6

ORDER Dismissing Case and Denying Certificate of Appealability. ***Civil Case Terminated. Signed by Judge Phyllis J. Hamilton on 1/12/2017. (pjhlc3, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 1/12/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 MICHAEL WESLEY BRISENO, v. 9 10 RAYTHEL FISHER, Respondent. 11 United States District Court Northern District of California Case No. 16-cv-06618-PJH Petitioner, 8 ORDER DISMISSING CASE AND DENYING CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY Re: Dkt. Nos. 2, 3, 5 12 13 Petitioner, a California prisoner, has filed a pro se petition for a writ of habeas 14 15 corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner challenges a conviction in Santa Clara 16 County, which is in this district, so venue is proper here. See 28 U.S.C. § 2241(d). He 17 has also filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis. Petitioner previously challenged 18 this conviction, as discussed below.1 The instant petition is DISMISSED as a second or 19 successive petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). BACKGROUND 20 21 Petitioner pled guilty to thirty-two felony counts of sexual misconduct with children. 22 On May 12, 2000, he was sentenced to a determinate term of nine years and four months 23 in prison, to be followed by a consecutive indeterminate term of 210 years to life. On July 24 11, 2001, the California Court of Appeal dismissed his direct appeal for failure to obtain a 25 26 27 28 1 A more detailed procedural history can be found in People v. Briseno, No. H041820, 2015 WL 6392174, at *1-4 (Cal. Ct. App. Oct. 22, 2015), review denied (Cal. Feb. 17, 2016), cert. denied sub nom. Briseno v. California, 136 S. Ct. 2467 (2016). 1 certificate of probable cause, and the California Supreme Court denied review on 2 October 10, 2001. Subsequent state habeas petitions were denied. 3 Petitioner then filed a federal habeas petition, Case No. C 04-1458 PJH, with the 4 following claims: (1) petitioner was denied effective assistance of counsel when his trial 5 counsel encouraged him to plead guilty despite knowledge of petitioner’s incompetence; 6 (2) petitioner was denied effective assistance of counsel when his trial counsel failed to 7 advise him of the consequences of his guilty plea; (3) petitioner was denied due process 8 because his guilty plea was neither knowing nor voluntary since his counsel failed to 9 advise him of the consequences of his guilty plea; and (4) petitioner was denied effective assistance of counsel when his trial counsel failed to obtain a certificate of probable 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 cause. The petition was denied on the merits on September 17, 2007. The court granted 12 a certificate of appealability only on the issue whether petitioner was denied effective 13 assistance when his trial counsel failed to obtain a certificate of probable cause from the 14 trial court, thus precluding him from appealing certain issues. 15 On December 20, 2010, the Ninth Circuit affirmed denial of the habeas claim 16 asserting ineffective assistance of counsel based on failure to obtain a certificate of 17 probable cause to appeal the issue of incompetence, and reversed denial of the claim 18 that counsel was ineffective for failing to request a certificate of probable cause on the 19 failure of the trial court or counsel to advise petitioner of the mandatory minimum 20 sentence that he faced on the counts to which he pled guilty. The Ninth Circuit remanded 21 the petition with instructions to “grant the writ of habeas corpus on the issue reversed and 22 order the [petitioner] released unless he is afforded an opportunity to appeal that 23 conviction within a reasonable time.” Briseno v. Woodford, 413 Fed. Appx. 2, 4-5 (9th 24 Cir. Dec. 20, 2010). The court issued the conditional writ of habeas corpus on January 25 14, 2011. 26 Petitioner then filed a motion to recall the remittitur before the California court of 27 appeal, which granted the motion, thereby reinstating his appeal. Because petitioner still 28 had not obtained a certificate of probable cause required by Cal. Penal Code § 1237.5, 2 1 the court of appeal dismissed the appeal. People v. Briseno, 203 Cal. App. 4th 1347 2 (Cal. Ct. App. 2012), review denied (Cal. May 9, 2012). 3 Petitioner, represented by counsel, then sought further relief in this court by filing a 4 motion to enforce the judgment in Case No. C 04-1458 PJH. After holding a hearing on 5 the motion, the court issued an order on September 18, 2012, denying petitioner’s motion 6 to enforce the judgment, which petitioner appealed. On September 12, 2014, a different 7 panel of the Ninth Circuit remanded the case back to this court to grant a conditional writ 8 “unless the State affords Briseno the opportunity to apply for a certificate of probable 9 cause” to appeal his conviction on the ground that his plea was involuntary because the trial court and counsel failed to inform him of the mandatory minimum sentences. In 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 accordance with the second order of remand, the court issued a second conditional writ 12 of habeas corpus on November 10, 2014. 13 The superior court granted petitioner a certificate of probable cause and the court 14 of appeal affirmed the judgment on the merits. People v. Briseno, 2015 WL 6392174 15 (Cal. Ct. App. 2015). The California Supreme Court denied review. People v. Briseno, 16 No. S230847 (Cal. Feb. 17, 2016). Petitioner also filed a state habeas petition in the 17 Superior Court for the County of Santa Clara, In re Briseno, No. C9886818, which the 18 superior court denied by order filed October 11, 2016. Docket No. 1 at 17-22. Petitioner 19 filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus on November 15, 2016. 20 The instant petition raises the following claims: (1) the plea must be withdrawn 21 because petitioner did not have knowledge of the mandatory minimum sentence; 22 (2) petitioner never had the opportunity to prove his lack of intent to commit the crimes; 23 (3) the prosecutor compromised the plea hearing by describing petitioner’s writings; and 24 (4) vindictive sentencing. All of these claims concern the same conviction underlying his 25 prior habeas petition which was finally adjudicated in Case No. C 04-1458 PJH, rendering 26 the instant petition an unauthorized “second or successive” habeas petition under 28 27 U.S.C. § 2244. See Goodrum v. Busby, 824 F.3d 1188, 1194 (9th Cir. 2016) (“a petition 28 3 1 will not be deemed second or successive unless, at a minimum, an earlier-filed petition 2 has been finally adjudicated”) (citing Woods v. Carey, 525 F.3d 886, 889 (9th Cir. 2008)). 3 A second or successive habeas petition challenging the same state court 4 judgment pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 may not be filed in federal district court unless the 5 petitioner first obtains from the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit an 6 order authorizing this court to consider the petition. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A) 7 (““Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the 8 district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order 9 authorizing the district court to consider the application.”). 10 Because petitioner has not demonstrated that he received authorization from the United States District Court Northern District of California 11 Ninth Circuit to proceed with this second or successive petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 12 § 2244(b)(3), this case is DISMISSED. CONCLUSION 13 14 1. Leave to proceed in form pauperis (Docket Nos. 2, 5) is GRANTED. 15 2. The motion to appoint counsel (Docket No. 3) is DENIED because this case 16 17 is dismissed. 3. The petition is DISMISSED without prejudice for the reasons stated above. 18 Because reasonable jurists would not find the result here debatable, a certificate of 19 appealability (“COA”) is DENIED. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484-85 (2000) 20 (standard for COA). The clerk shall close the file. 21 22 23 24 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: January 12, 2017 __________________________________ PHYLLIS J. HAMILTON United States District Judge 25 26 27 28 4

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