Hall-Johnson v. Golden Gate Regional Center Inc. et al

Filing 44

ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO DISMISS SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT by Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers; granting 40 Motion to Dismiss Second Amended Complaint with Prejudice. The Clerk is directed to close the case. (fs, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 9/15/2020)

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1 2 3 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 4 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 5 6 CARNEICE KATHRINE HALL-JOHNSON, Plaintiff, 7 8 9 10 CASE NO. 19-cv-04177-YGR ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO DISMISS SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT vs. GOLDEN GATE REGIONAL CENTER INC., ET AL., Re: Dkt. No. 40 Defendants. 11 United States District Court Northern District of California This is the second round of briefing on the complaint filed by pro se plaintiff Carneice 12 Kathrine Hall-Johnson against defendants Golden Gate Regional Center Inc. (“GGRC”) and Tessa 13 Garvey. In its prior order, this Court granted defendants’ motion to dismiss on the grounds that 14 (i) plaintiff’s claims, as alleged, were time-barred and (ii) plaintiff failed to plead sufficient facts 15 to state a claim under 42 U.S.C. section 1981. Now before the Court is defendant’s motion to 16 dismiss the second amended complaint (“SAC”). 17 With respect to timing, the Court previously noted that the earliest allegations in the FAC 18 appeared to date back to 2012, meaning the filing of the complaint in 2019 occurred well outside 19 the two- and four-year statutes of limitations applicable to plaintiff’s claims. In the SAC, plaintiff 20 clarifies her claims, alleging that her parent first became aware of defendants’ discriminatory 21 policy in 2012, when a GGRC employee informed the parent that GGRC would not continue to 22 provide plaintiff with services on account of her age and race. Plaintiff further alleges, as she did 23 in the FAC, that defendants repeatedly ignored her requests for services in 2018 and 2019. 24 Thereafter, on June 10, 2019, plaintiff’s parent allegedly informed plaintiff of defendants’ 25 discriminatory policy, shortly after the parent observed disparate treatment at defendants’ office. 26 As the Court previously explained, “a claim accrues when the plaintiff knows or has reason 27 to know of the injury which is the basis of the action.” Knox v. Davis, 260 F.3d 1009, 1013 (9th 28 1 Cir. 2001) (citation omitted). Further, the Ninth Circuit has stated that the “injury” component 2 refers to “the actual injury,” i.e., the denial of benefits, rather than the legal wrong, i.e., that there 3 was an allegedly discriminatory motive underlying that denial of benefits. Lukovsky v. City and 4 County of San Francisco, 535 F.3d 1048, 1051 (9th Cir. 2008). Here, the SAC alleges that the 5 initial “actual injury” occurred in 2012, when GGRC told plaintiff’s parent that it would no longer 6 provide plaintiff with services. Therefore, as alleged, plaintiff’s claims began to accrue in 2012. 7 Under Lukovsky, it makes no difference that plaintiff did not become aware of the allegedly 8 discriminatory policy until 2019. Nor does it matter, for statute of limitations purposes, that 9 defendants allegedly ignored or denied plaintiff’s requests for services in 2018 and 2019. The Court previously held that the implementation of the initial denial of benefits did not constitute an 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 independent violation for statute of limitations purposes, and the SAC does not cure this 12 deficiency. Thus, plaintiff’s claims as alleged in the SAC are time-barred. 13 The Court also finds that further amendment would be futile. Plaintiff already has had one 14 opportunity to amend, and based on the facts alleged, there is no reason to think plaintiff will be 15 able to establish some alternate timeline of events that would satisfy the statutes of limitations in 16 this case. 17 18 Accordingly, defendants’ motion to dismiss is GRANTED WITH PREJUDICE. The Clerk is directed to close the case. 19 This Order terminates Docket Number 40. 20 IT IS SO ORDERED. 21 22 Dated: September 15, 2020 YVONNE GONZALEZ ROGERS UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT JUDGE 23 24 25 26 27 28 2

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