Digital Envoy Inc., v. Google Inc.,

Filing 158

OBJECTIONS to Google Inc.'s Objection and Motion to Strike "Supplemental" Brief Submitted in Opposition to Motions for Summary Judgment by Google Inc.,, Google Inc.,. (Kramer, David) (Filed on 5/13/2005)

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Digital Envoy Inc., v. Google Inc., Doc. 158 Case 5:04-cv-01497-RS Document 158 Filed 05/13/2005 Page 1 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 DAVID H. KRAMER, State Bar No. 168452 ( DAVID L. LANSKY, State Bar No. 199952 ( WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI Professional Corporation 650 Page Mill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304-1050 Telephone: (650) 493-9300 Facsimile: (650) 565-5100 Attorneys for Defendant/Counterclaimant Google Inc. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN JOSE DIVISION DIGITAL ENVOY, INC., Plaintiff/Counterdefendant, v. GOOGLE INC., Defendant/Counterclaimant. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) CASE NO.: C 04 01497 RS GOOGLE INC.'S OBJECTION AND MOTION TO STRIKE "SUPPLEMENTAL" BRIEF SUBMITTED IN OPPOSITION TO MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT Date: Time: Courtroom: Judge: May 4, 2005 9:30 a.m. 4, 5th Floor Hon. Richard Seeborg GOOGLE'S OBJECTION AND MOTION TO STRIKE CASE NO. 04-01497 RS C:\NrPortbl\PALIB1\DAG\2657878_1.DOC Case 5:04-cv-01497-RS Document 158 Filed 05/13/2005 Page 2 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 GOOGLE'S OBJECTION AND MOTION TO STRIKE CASE NO. 04-01497 RS INTRODUCTION The day before and then shortly after the May 4, 2005 hearing on Google's Motions for Summary Judgment, Digital Envoy supplied the Court with an untimely and substantively inadequate motion under Rule 56(f), asking the Court to continue the hearing. Google opposed the 56(f) request at the hearing. Digital Envoy then indicated that it was withdrawing or at least did not care about its 56(f) request. Google's motions were then submitted for decision.1 Now, ten days later, as if to compound the impropriety of its untimely 56(f) request, Digital Envoy has filed what it calls a "Supplemental Brief" ostensibly in support of the 56(f) request it abandoned. The new brief is even more untimely than the first and should be stricken on that basis alone. Moreover, the new brief consists almost entirely of re-argument on the submitted motions, and does not cure any of the deficiencies in the original 56(f) request. In short, the new filing is the sort of submission for which Rule 56(g) contemplates the imposition of sanctions. Google respectfully requests that the Court strike the "Supplemental Brief" and instruct Digital Envoy not to file further papers concerning the submitted motions except with leave of Court in accordance with Local Rule 7-3. ARGUMENT I. THE SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF IS UNTIMELY Digital Envoy is correct that a 56(f) request must be filed in advance of the hearing on a motion for summary judgment. Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 56(c); Ashton-Tate Corp. v. Ross, 916 F.2d 516, 520 (9th Cir. 1990) ("[T]he process of evaluating a summary judgment motion would be flouted if requests for more time, discovery, or the introduction of supplemental affidavits had to be considered even if requested well after the deadline set for the introduction of all information needed to make a ruling has passed."). For that reason alone, its brief filed ten days after the hearing, and after the motions were submitted, must be rejected. Google does not yet have a copy of the transcript from the May 4, 2005 hearing. Its representations concerning the conduct of the hearing are made based on the recollection of its counsel. 1 -1- C:\NrPortbl\PALIB1\DAG\2657878_1.DOC Case 5:04-cv-01497-RS Document 158 Filed 05/13/2005 Page 3 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Digital Envoy is badly mistaken, however, in suggesting its original 56(f) request should be considered because it was filed (albeit in an incomplete and unintelligible form) the day before the hearing. While a party must file papers opposing a summary judgment motion prior to the hearing, that does not give a party the right to file those papers at any time it chooses, right up to the moment the hearing begins. See Local Rule 7-3. As Wright and Miller explain, the deadline for filing papers in opposition to a summary judgment motion is set by local rule. 10 Wright, Miller & Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure: Civil 2719 ("If the opposing party decides to file counter-affidavits, the second sentence of subdivision (c) provides that they must be served on the moving party prior to the day of the hearing. But local rules may vary this time period....The purpose of these local court rules is to provide a specific time within which the opposing party must respond to the motion and to make certain that the issues on the motion are properly framed.") In this Court, pursuant to Local Rule 7-3, "[a]ny opposition to a motion must be served and filed not less than 21 days before the hearing date. The opposition may include ... affidavits or declarations . . . ." Civil L.R. 7-3(a) (emphasis added). An opposition based upon Rule 56(f) obviously cannot be filed on the day before the hearing if it must be included with the opposition 21 days before the hearing. More importantly, Local Rule 7-3 contains a section concerning "Supplementary Material." That section allows the parties only to alert the court to recent judicial opinions published after the date the opposition or reply was served. Civil L.R. 7-3(d). "Otherwise, once a reply is filed, no additional memoranda, papers or letters may be filed without prior Court approval." Id. (emphasis added). Here, the hearing on Google's motions was twice continued. 2 Digital Envoy did not file its 56(f) request with its original opposition papers, or even 21 days prior to the hearing date that Google's initial motion for partial summary judgment was noticed for hearing on March 16, 2005. Digital Envoy filed its opposition to that motion in February 2005. That motion was then continued to be heard together with Google's motion for summary judgment on March 30, 2005. Digital Envoy filed its opposition to Google's second motion on March 9, 2005 The hearing on both motions was then continued until May 4, 2005. Digital Envoy did not file its 56(f) request until May 3, 2005, roughly two months after it completed the submission of its opposition papers. GOOGLE'S OBJECTION AND MOTION TO STRIKE CASE NO. 04-0197 RS 2 -2- Case 5:04-cv-01497-RS Document 158 Filed 05/13/2005 Page 4 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 was ultimately set. It waited until the day before the hearing, apparently seeking to deprive Google of an opportunity to respond.3 Moreover, ignoring Local Rule 7-3, Digital Envoy did not request or obtain leave of Court to file its original 56(f) request, much less the supplemental brief at issue here. Digital Envoy's new submission and its original 56(f) request were untimely and improperly filed with the Court. Google thus requests that they both be stricken. II. THE SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF DOES NOT CURE THE SUBSTANTIVE DEFECTS IN DIGITAL ENVOY'S 56(F) REQUEST Despite taking for itself far more time than the rules allow, Digital Envoy still has not put together a proper 56(f) request. To begin with, Rule 56(f) requires that a party opposing a summary judgment on Rule 56(f) grounds show through affidavits that it cannot present facts essential to justify the party's opposition. Digital Envoy's original 56(f) request contained argument, but no affidavits and thus no evidence. Its new submission suffers from the same flaw. Because Digital Envoy has never submitted the affidavit required by Rule 56(f), its request must be denied for that reason alone. The lack of affidavit points up a second fatal deficiency in Digital Envoy's 56(f) request nowhere has Digital Envoy explained why, after a year of discovery, it is unable to present supposedly important information to the Court. Indeed, nowhere has Digital Envoy even attempted to show diligence in the discovery process. Again, by itself, this warrants denial of its 56(f) request. See Pfingston v. Ronan Eng'g Co., 284 F.3d 999, 1005 (9th Cir. 2002) ("The failure to conduct discovery diligently is grounds for the denial of a Rule 56(f) motion."); Bryson v. Royal Business Group, 763 F.2d 491, 494-95 (1st Cir. 1985) (denying plaintiff's request to As much of Digital Envoy's 56(f) filing was submitted manually, Google could not retrieve it through the Court's electronic case filing system. Digital Envoy then chose to serve Google with its manually filed papers by mail, ensuring that Google could not possibly have a complete set of the papers before the hearing. 3 GOOGLE'S OBJECTION AND MOTION TO STRIKE CASE NO. 04-0197 RS -3- Case 5:04-cv-01497-RS Document 158 Filed 05/13/2005 Page 5 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 delay summary judgment when plaintiff had four months between time defendants filed motion and summary judgment hearing to conduct discovery). Finally, Rule 56(f) requires a moving party to show: (1) the specific facts that it hopes to elicit from further discovery; (2) that those facts exist; and (3) that those facts are essential to resist summary judgment. See State of California v. Campbell, 138 F.3d 772, 779 (9th Cir. 1998); Reiffin v. Microsoft Corp., 270 F. Supp. 2d 1132, 1146 (N.D. Cal. 2003). Digital Envoy did not come close to satisfying these requirements with its original request, and offers nothing new in its supplemental brief. All Digital Envoy did was identify broad topics on which it desires additional discovery. It has made no showing of what specific facts it hopes to elicit, whether such facts exist, or how such facts would allow Digital Envoy to resist summary judgment. For this reason as well, Digital Envoy's 56(f) request should be denied. See State of California v. Campbell, 138 F.3d at 779 ("failure to comply with the requirements of Rule 56(f) is a proper ground for denying discovery and proceeding to summary judgment."); see also Encuentro del Canto Popular v. Christopher, 930 F. Supp. 1360, 1369 (N.D. Cal. 1996) (Walker, J.) (same). CONCLUSION Digital Envoy's barrage of untimely and otherwise improper submissions has already placed a substantial, unnecessary burden on both the Court and Google. Its latest gambit is its most flagrant abuse of the Court's Rules. Digital Envoy's "Supplemental Brief" should be stricken and it should be barred from any further filings on the submitted motions without leave of Court. Dated: May 13, 2005 WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI By: /s/ David H. Kramer David H. Kramer Attorneys for Defendant/Counterclaimant Google Inc. GOOGLE'S OBJECTION AND MOTION TO STRIKE CASE NO. 04-0197 RS -4-

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