Saldana v. Scribner

Filing 22

ORDER Denying Request for Certificate of Appealability re 19 Notice of Appeal. Signed by Judge James Ware on 1/7/2009. (ecg, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 1/14/2009)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA United United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California RODOLFO SALDANA, Petitioner, vs. L. E. SCRIBNER, Warden, Respondent. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. C 06-02126 JW (PR) ORDER DENYING REQUEST FOR CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY (Docket No. 19) This is a habeas case under 28 U.S.C. 2254 filed pro se by a state prisoner. The Court granted respondent's motion to dismiss on statute of limitations grounds. Petitioner has filed a notice of appeal and a request for a certificate of appealability. (Docket No. 19.) A petitioner may not appeal a final order in a federal habeas corpus proceeding without first obtaining a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. 2253(c); Fed. R. App. P. 22(b). Section 2253(c)(1) applies to an appeal of a final order entered on a procedural question antecedent to the merits, for instance a dismissal on statute of limitations grounds, as here. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483 (2000). "Determining whether a COA should issue where the petition was dismissed Order Denying COA P:\PRO-SE\SJ.JW\HC.06\Saldana02126_coa.wpd 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 on procedural grounds has two components, one directed at the underlying constitutional claims and one directed at the district court's procedural holding." Id. at 484-85. "When the district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the prisoner's underlying constitutional claim, a COA should issue when the prisoner shows, at least, that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling." Id. at 484. As each of these components is a "threshold inquiry," the federal court "may find that it can dispose of the application in a fair and prompt manner if it proceeds first to resolve the issue whose answer is more apparent from the record and arguments." Id. at 485. Supreme Court jurisprudence "allows and encourages" federal courts to first resolve the procedural issue, as was done here. See id. The petition was dismissed because the statute of limitations deadline was November 9, 2005, this petition was not filed until March 22, 2006, and petitioner's only argument for not dismissing, that circumstances warrant equitable tolling to save the petition from being untimely, was unavailing. Because jurists of reason would not find this conclusion debatable or wrong, the request for a certificate of appealability (Docket No. 19) is DENIED. The clerk shall transmit the file, including a copy of this order, to the Court of Appeals. See Fed. R.App.P. 22(b); United States v. Asrar, 116 F.3d 1268, 1270 (9th Cir. 1997). Petitioner may then ask the Court of Appeals to issue the certificate, see R.App.P. 22(b)(1), or if he does not, the notice of appeal will be construed as such a request, see R.App.P. 22( b)(2). January 7, 2009 United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 DATED: JAMES WARE United States District Judge Order Denying COA P:\PRO-SE\SJ.JW\HC.06\Saldana02126_coa.wpd 2 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA RODOLFO SALDANA, Petitioner, v. L.E. SCRIBNER, Warden, Respondent. / Case Number: CV06-02126 JW CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I, the undersigned, hereby certify that I am an employee in the Office of the Clerk, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. 1/14/2009 , I SERVED a true and correct copy(ies) of the attached, That on by placing said copy(ies) in a postage paid envelope addressed to the person(s) hereinafter listed, by depositing said envelope in the U.S. Mail, or by placing said copy(ies) into an inter-office delivery receptacle located in the Clerk's office. Rodolfo Saldana V-01168 Pleasant Valley State Prison P. O. Box 8503 Coalinga, Ca 93210-8503 Dated: 1/14/2009 Richard W. Wieking, Clerk /s/ By: Elizabeth Garcia, Deputy Clerk

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