Louis Vuitton Malletier, S.A. v. Akanoc Solutions, Inc. et al

Filing 105

MOTION in Limine Defendants' Motion in Limine No. 2 to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony About Internet Material filed by Akanoc Solutions, Inc., Managed Solutions Group, Inc., Steven Chen. Motion Hearing set for 3/23/2009 03:00 PM in Courtroom 8, 4th Floor, San Jose. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration of James A. Lowe in Support of Motion in Limine No. 2)(Lowe, James) (Filed on 2/23/2009)

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Louis Vuitton Malletier, S.A. v. Akanoc Solutions, Inc. et al Doc. 105 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 GAUNTLETT & ASSOCIATES David A. Gauntlett (SBN 96399) James A. Lowe (SBN 214383) Brian S. Edwards (SBN 166258) Christopher Lai (SBN 249425) 18400 Von Karman, Suite 300 Irvine, California 92612 Telephone: (949) 553-1010 Facsimile: (949) 553-2050 jal@gauntlettlaw.com bse@gauntlettlaw.com cl@gauntlettlaw.com Attorneys for Defendants Akanoc Solutions, Inc., Managed Solutions Group, Inc. and Steve Chen UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA, SAN JOSE DIVISION LOUIS VUITTON MALLETIER, S.A., Plaintiff, vs. AKANOC SOLUTIONS, INC., et al., Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: C 07-3952 JW (HRL) DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW (HRL) Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I. AN ORDER IN LIMINE IS PROPER TO EXCLUDE BOTH MATERIAL COLLECTED FROM THE INTERNET AND TESTIMONY ABOUT MATERIAL COLLECTED FROM THE INTERNET ...................................................... 1 MATERIAL FROM THE INTERNET IS INADMISSIBLE ............................................. 2 A. B. C. III. Internet Material Cannot Be Authenticated............................................................. 2 Computer Generated Material Cannot Be Authenticated By Vuitton's Witnesses ...................................................................................................................... 4 Material From the Internet is Not Self-Authenticating Under Fed. R. Evid. 902....................................................................................................................... 5 II. INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT IT ARE BOTH HEARSAY ............................................................................................................................... 6 A. Printouts Of Internet Websites Displaying Goods Are Inadmissible As Hearsay......................................................................................................................... 7 1. 2. 3. B. C. Printouts of Internet Websites Are Inadmissible Under fed. R. Evid. 801 and 802 ............................................................................................ 7 Printouts of Internet Websites Are Also Not Admissible Under Fed. R. Evid. 803(6)......................................................................................... 7 Printouts of Internet Websites Do Not Qualify For Admissibility Fed. R. Evid. 803(8)......................................................................................... 8 WHOIS Printouts From Internet Websites Are Inadmissible As Double Hearsay......................................................................................................................... 8 Testimony About Material Collected From Or Displayed On The Internet Is Inadmissible As Quadruple Hearsay................................................................... 10 IV. V. VUITTON'S INTERNET MATERIAL IS PREJUDICIAL............................................. 10 CONCLUSION...................................................................................................................... 12 i DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW (HRL) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 FEDERAL CASES TABLE OF AUTHORITIES Page(s) Atlas Copco AB v. Atlascopcoiran.com, 533 F. Supp. 2d 610 (E.D. Va. 2008).............................................................................................. 9 Cable News Network L.P., L.L.L.P. v. CNNews.com, 177 F. Supp. 2d 506 (E.D. Va. 2001).............................................................................................. 9 In re Japanese Electronic Products Antitrust Litig., 723 F.2d 238 (3d Cir. 1983), rev'd on other grounds, 475 U.S. 574 (1986) .................................. 1 In Re Vee Vinhnee, 336 B.R. 437 (B.A.P. 9th Cir. 2005)............................................................................................... 4 Luce v. United States, 469 U.S. 38, 105 S. Ct. 460, 83 L. Ed. 2d 443 (1984) .................................................................... 1 Register.com, Inc. v. Verio, Inc., 356 F.3d 393 (2d Cir. 2004) ............................................................................................................ 8 St. Clair v. Johnny's Oyster & Shrimp, Inc., 76 F. Supp. 2d 773 (S.D. Tex. 1999) .............................................................................................. 3 United States v. Catabran, 836 F.2d 453 (9th Cir. 1988)....................................................................................................... 7, 8 United States v. Holmquist, 36 F.3d 154 (1st Cir. 1994) ............................................................................................................. 1 Verizon California Inc. v. Navigation Catalyst Systems, Inc., 568 F. Supp. 2d 1088 (C.D. Cal. 2008)........................................................................................... 9 Williams v. Long, 585 F. Supp. 2d 679 (D. Md. 2008) .................................................................................... 2, 5, 7, 8 DOCKETED CASES Internet Specialties West, Inc. v. ISPWest, No. CV 05-3296 FMC AJWx, 2006 WL 4568796 (C.D. Cal. Sept. 19, 2006) .............................. 2 Olympic Sports Data Services, Ltd. v. Maselli, No. 07-117, 2008 WL 5377626 (E.D. Pa. Dec. 22, 2008) .............................................................. 9 FEDERAL STATUTES AND RULES FED. R. CIV. P. 30(b)(6)......................................................................................................................... 9 FED. R. EVID. 403 ...................................................................................................................... 1, 10, 12 FED. R. EVID. 801 .......................................................................................................................... 1, 6, 7 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 ii TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW (HRL) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 FED. R. EVID. 801(c).............................................................................................................................. 7 FED. R. EVID. 802 .......................................................................................................... 1, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 FED. R. EVID. 803(6) ......................................................................................................................... 7, 8 FED. R. EVID. 803(8) ............................................................................................................................. 8 FED. R. EVID. 901 .................................................................................................................... 1, 2, 5, 12 FED. R. EVID. 901(a).......................................................................................................................... 2, 5 FED. R. EVID. 901(b) ......................................................................................................................... 2, 5 FED. R. EVID. 901(b)(1)......................................................................................................................... 2 FED. R. EVID. 901(b)(9)......................................................................................................................... 4 FED. R. EVID. 902 .................................................................................................................................. 5 FED. R. EVID. 902(5) ............................................................................................................................. 5 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 iii DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW (HRL) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 TO ALL PARTIES AND TO THEIR ATTORNEYS OF RECORD: Defendants Akanoc Solutions, Inc., Managed Solutions Group, Inc. and Steve Chen ("Defendants") move for an order, in limine, precluding Plaintiff Louis Vuitton Malletier from offering in evidence of any material from the Internet1 and any testimony about material from the Internet. This motion is set for hearing on March 23, 2009. Defendants move the Court to exclude Internet material and testimony about Internet material on the grounds that (1) Vuitton cannot authenticate Internet material as required by Fed. R. Evid. 901, (2) Internet material and any testimony about Internet material is inadmissible hearsay under Fed. R. Evid. 801 and 802; and (3) Internet material is highly prejudicial, misleading and therefore inadmissible under Fed. R. Evid. 403. I. AN ORDER IN LIMINE IS PROPER TO EXCLUDE BOTH MATERIAL COLLECTED FROM THE INTERNET AND TESTIMONY ABOUT MATERIAL COLLECTED FROM THE INTERNET A motion in limine is "any motion whether made before or during trial to exclude anticipated prejudicial evidence before the evidence is actually offered."2 Obtaining a discretionary advance ruling on the admission of specific evidence or resolving critical evidentiary issues at the outset enhances the efficiency of the trial process.3 Authority is also implied from "the district court's inherent authority to manage the course of trials."4 Defendants anticipate that at trial Vuitton will attempt to introduce into evidence material from the Internet and testimony about material from the Internet. Internet material is inadmissible because it cannot be authenticated, because it is hearsay and because it is highly prejudicial and misleading. Any testimony about material from the Internet is also inadmissible as double hearsay or worse. A list of proposed Plaintiff's exhibits that Defendants move the Court to exclude is attached as Exhibit "A." 2 Luce v. United States, 469 U.S. 38, 40, 105 S. Ct. 460, 83 L. Ed. 2d 443 (1984). 3 In re Japanese Electronic Products Antitrust Litig., 723 F.2d 238, 260 (3d Cir. 1983), rev'd on other grounds, 475 U.S. 574 (1986). 4 Luce, 469 U.S. at 41 n.4; United States v. Holmquist, 36 F.3d 154, 163 (1st Cir. 1994). 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 1 1 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 II. MATERIAL FROM THE INTERNET IS INADMISSIBLE A. Internet Material Cannot Be Authenticated Any Internet material should be excluded from evidence because Vuitton cannot authenticate such material as required by Fed. R. Evid. 901. Authentication is a condition precedent to admissibility and is satisfied only by evidence sufficient to show that the matter in question is what its proponent claims. Vuitton listed as hundreds of exhibits material printed from the Internet that allegedly depicts the contents of various Internet websites, including websites that Vuitton alleges sell infringing products and websites that display "WHOIS" data or hosting history. But Vuitton cannot properly authenticate any such material and the Court should exclude it from evidence because it is completely unreliable. Fed. R. Evid. 901(a) requires a proponent to show that material from the Internet is authentic before such material can be admitted as evidence. Williams v. Long, 585 F. Supp. 2d 679 (D. Md. 2008). Rule 901(a) provides that "the requirement of authentication or identification as a condition precedent to its admissibility is satisfied by evidence sufficient to support a finding that the matter in question is what its proponent claims." The methods of authentication that satisfy the authentication requirement of Rule 901(a) are enumerated in Rule 901(b). Vuitton, however, cannot utilize any of these methods to authenticate any of the material displayed on the Internet that it will attempt to introduce. Rule 901(b)(1) provides that testimony of witnesses with personal knowledge is a proper method of authenticating evidence. But Vuitton has no witness with personal knowledge of the Internet material that it might attempt to introduce. It is not enough for the person who viewed or printed out the material to authenticate it. Someone with personal knowledge of the accuracy of the contents of the Internet material must testify. Internet Specialties West, Inc. v. ISPWest, No. CV 053296 FMC AJWx, 2006 WL 4568796 at *1-2 (C.D. Cal. Sept. 19, 2006). [M]ost of plaintiff's arguments are addressed to print-outs from websites and the question of their admissibility. Plaintiff properly contends that these print-outs are inadmissible unless properly authenticated. Defendant's argument, that they could be "authenticated" by the person who went to the website and printed out the home page, is unavailing. It is now well recognized that "Anyone can put anything on the Internet. No website is 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5 6 monitored for accuracy and nothing contained therein is under oath or even subject to independent verification absent underlying documentation ... hackers can adulterate the content on any web-site from any location at any time. For these reasons, any evidence procured off the Internet is adequate for almost nothing...." To be authenticated, someone with knowledge of the accuracy of the contents of the internet print-outs must testify. [Emphasis added; citation omitted.] Testimony from someone with knowledge of the accuracy of the Internet material is necessary for authentication because the Internet "is one large catalyst for rumor, innuendo and misinformation." St. Clair v. Johnny's Oyster & Shrimp, Inc., 76 F. Supp. 2d 773, 774 (S.D. Tex. 1999). Admitting such evidence without such testimony would be tantamount to "relying on the voodoo information taken from the Internet." Id. The testimony of Vuitton's witnesses, Nicolay Livadkin and Robert Holmes, cannot authenticate Internet material, which may be altered by anyone, at any time, from anywhere. Because Internet material is essentially anonymous, can easily be faked, is well known to be subject to scams, frauds and errors, and because it is so easy to alter material on the Internet, personal knowledge of the accuracy of the content of material is especially essential to authenticate any material from the Internet. Neither Livadkin nor Holmes has such personal knowledge and without proper authentication, this material should not be admitted at trial. Vuitton's witnesses also do not have personal knowledge of who printed the Internet material. Holmes repeatedly testified that he did not even have personal knowledge of who created the printed Internet material. Some examples of Holmes' lack of personal knowledge are: "I'm not familiar with the printout itself; but again it looks like any one of thousands of websites that I may have investigated."5 "To tell you that I remember a specific search would be impossible."6 "I could not tell you for sure if I saw this printout before."7 "If I saw this specific printout would be impossible to say."8 Lowe Decl. 5, Exhibit "1512" Deposition of Robert Holmes ("Holmes Depo.") 55:17-19. Id. at Holmes Depo. 56:20-21. 7 Id. at Holmes Depo. 58:19-20. 8 Id. at Holmes Depo. 59:21-22. 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 3 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Livadkin also testified that he did not know who printed the Internet material: Q: Did you print this out? A: Nope.9 Q: Did you do this printout? A: I don't remember.10 Q: You did not print this information, did you? A: It doesn't seem like it has been me.11 Q: This was also not printed by you or at your office? A: I don't think so.12 B. Computer Generated Material Cannot Be Authenticated By Vuitton's Witnesses Vuitton's witnesses also lack personal knowledge that the process of creating the Internet material is itself accurate. Under Fed. R. Evid. 901(b)(9), computer results must be authenticated by "evidence describing a process or system used to produce a result and showing that the process or system produces an accurate result" is In Re Vee Vinhnee, 336 B.R. 437, 446 (B.A.P. 9th Cir. 2005) (citing advisory committee notes to Rule 901(b)(9)). In Vee Vinhnee, the Court held that American Express' computerized credit card debt records were inadmissible because they were not properly authenticated. Id. at 450. There, American Express' own custodian of records testified that "I couldn't testify to exactly what the model [of computer] is or anything like that. It's . . . our computer system that we've used for, you know, quite some time to produce the documents, to gather the information, to store the information and then, you know, to produce the statements to the card members. And we, you know, it's highly accurate." Id. at 447. This testimony was not enough to authenticate American Express' computer material. Id. at 450. Vuitton cannot authenticate its Internet material because its witness testimony is even weaker than American Express' witness testimony. Like American Express' records custodian, Vuitton's witnesses can do nothing more than assert a baseless opinion that their Internet material is accurate. But unlike the records custodian, they are not even employed by the organization that created the 9 Lowe Decl. 4, Exhibit "1511" Deposition of Nicolay Livadkin ("Livadkin Depo.") 100:15-16. Id. at Livadkin Depo. 133:9-10. 11 Id. at Livadkin Depo. 118:20-21. 12 Id. at Livadkin Depo. 133:18-20. 10 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 4 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 material, meaning there is no possible chance that they would have personal knowledge of the material's accuracy. If American Express' own employee could not authenticate American Express' own computer records with his superficial statement that the records were "highly accurate," there is no way that Vuitton's witnesses can authenticate Internet material of unrelated third parties with similarly baseless testimony. Besides not having personal knowledge, Vuitton also cannot employ any other types of authentication listed in Rule 901(b). These are: non-expert opinion on handwriting, comparison by trier or expert witness, distinctive characteristics and the like, voice identification, telephone conversations, public records or reports, ancient documents or data compilation, process or system or methods provided by statute or rule. None of these types of authentication under Rule 901(b) apply to authenticate the material from the Internet or computer material that Vuitton will attempt to introduce. Vuitton cannot offer any testimony based on personal knowledge to authenticate any material from the Internet. This material, therefore, should be excluded. C. Material From the Internet is Not Self-Authenticating Under Fed. R. Evid. 902 Any Internet material that Vuitton may attempt to introduce into evidence is not selfauthenticating under Fed. R. Evid. 901 because it does not fall into any of the categories of selfauthenticating evidence listed in Rule 902. In Williams v. Long, 585 F. Supp. 2d at 686, the Court held that material or printouts from government websites is exceptional and is self-authenticating because the government creates and vouches for it. But privately created Internet material is not self-authenticating. There are numerous differences between material from government websites and the material that Vuitton seeks to introduce. These differences illustrate why material from government websites is self- authenticating, and Vuitton's Internet material is not. The Williams Court noted that the purpose of the Rule 901(a) authentication requirement is to ensure that "the matter in question is what its proponent claims" and that particular characteristics of material from government websites would satisfy the purpose of Rule 901(a) because government websites themselves are "publications purporting to be issued by public authority" under Fed. R. 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 Evid. 902(5). The government publications exception of Rule 902(5) is based on the assumptions DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 5 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 that government publications "seldom contain serious mistakes," "are likely to be readily identifiable by simple inspection" and "forgery or misrepresentation of such material is unlikely." Id. at 686. But the Internet material that Vuitton aims to introduce cannot be self-authenticating because none of these three assumptions apply. First, information on the Internet oftentimes contains serious mistakes. Anyone can place or edit any information on the Internet. The material that Vuitton will attempt to introduce is from Internet sites with no government affiliation and with no guarantee of veracity. Vuitton admits that information on the Internet is oftentimes false.13 Second, the Internet material that Vuitton seeks to introduce cannot be readily identifiable by simple inspection because much, if not all, of the material no longer exists, is no longer accessible, or possibly has been modified or adjusted. Third, there is no government oversight over the Internet material that Vuitton seeks to introduce and this material can easily be forged or misrepresented. Vuitton's Internet material is not self-authenticating for very same reasons that material from government websites is self-authenticating. Fourth, Internet material does not identify the source of the information or can easily misrepresent the source of the information with no reliable way to determine the source or accuracy of the material. Internet users are constantly warned against trusting website material because it is anonymous and can easily spoof another entity with false URLs, forged identifying marks and false information. The prevalence of false information on the Internet is so substantial that there are websites devoted to rebutting some of the widely published "urban legends," e.g., Snopes.com. Material from government websites is inherently reliable and easily verified. Vuitton's Internet material is not inherently reliable at all, and therefore is not self-authenticating. III. INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT IT ARE BOTH HEARSAY Internet material and testimony about Internet material are both inadmissible under Fed. R. Evid. 801 and 802 as hearsay, double hearsay, triple hearsay, and worse. There is no basis for finding the information reliable or admissible and no way to confront or cross-examine it. 13 Lowe Decl. 4, Exhibit "1511" Livadkin Depo 115:12-21 (admitting that "WHOIS database could be not reliable" and identifying WHOIS registrant information that "just . . . doesn't make any sense."). 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 6 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Vuitton has offered voluminous materials from the Internet, including printouts of Internet websites displaying goods for sale, printouts of photos of allegedly counterfeit goods and printouts of websites that allegedly list WHOIS data. Vuitton asserts that because it has printouts from the Internet, the material on the Internet that it wants to introduce must be true. But these printouts are nothing more than unauthenticated multiple hearsay and are separately inadmissible for that reason under Fed. R. Evid. 801 and 802. A. Printouts Of Internet Websites Displaying Goods Are Inadmissible As Hearsay 1. Printouts of Internet Websites Are Inadmissible Under fed. R. Evid. 801 and 802 Any printed material from Internet websites displaying goods are inadmissible as hearsay. Hearsay is a statement, other than one made by the declarant while testifying at the trial, offered in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted. Fed. R. Evid. 801(c). Hearsay is inadmissible. Fed. R. Evid. 802. The Printouts from Internet websites are hearsay because they are offered for the truth of their substantive content. Williams, 585 F. Supp. 2d at 685. No exception applies to make the hearsay admissible. 2. Printouts of Internet Websites Are Also Not Admissible Under Fed. R. Evid. 803(6) Internet websites printouts also do not qualify under any of the business records hearsay exceptions of Fed. R. Evid. 803(6). Under this exception, business records, even though they are hearsay, may be admissible if the proper foundational requirements are met. They must be (1) made or based on information transmitted by a person with knowledge at or near the time of the transaction; (2) made in the ordinary course of business; and (3) trustworthy, with neither the source of information nor method or circumstances of preparation indicating a lack of trustworthiness. Fed. R. Evid. 803(6); United States v. Catabran, 836 F.2d 453, 457 (9th Cir. 1988). Neither Holmes nor Livadkin, Vuitton's only witnesses, can lay the proper foundation for Internet website printouts that Vuitton seeks to introduce. To be admitted under Rule 803(6), a person with personal knowledge at or near the time of the transaction must testify. For instance, 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 testimony from someone who designed, built, implemented or entered the data that comprises a DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 7 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 website may lay the foundation for the website as evidence by testifying based on his or her personal knowledge. In Catabran, 836 F.2d at 457-58, the Court held that a computer printout of a company's general ledger could be admissible under Rule 803(6) based on the testimony by the accountant who actually input the data into the ledger. Neither Holmes or Livadkin has such personal knowledge. Holmes and Livadkin also cannot testify about whether the information on the website was kept in the ordinary course of business or even whose business it is. Nor can they testify about the trustworthiness of the printouts from Internet websites. Vuitton cannot satisfy any of the three requirements of Rule 803(6) and therefore cannot establish the admissibility of these otherwise anonymous records. The Internet documents created by unknown persons under unknown circumstances are no more admissible than a random note found on a park bench. 3. Printouts of Internet Websites Do Not Qualify For Admissibility Fed. R. Evid. 803(8) While Fed. R. Evid. 803(8) provides an narrow exception to the hearsay rule for government records and reports, Vuitton's website printouts do not qualify for admissibility under this rule. The justification for the hearsay exception of Rule 803(8) "derives from the trustworthiness of the [public record] documents themselves, having been made by a public office or agency." Williams, 585 F. Supp. 2d at 690. None of the website printouts that Vuiton seeks to introduce have been made by a public office or agency, and none of them have any degree of trustworthiness. Without these characteristics, Vuitton's website printouts are not admissible under Rule 803(8). B. WHOIS Printouts From Internet Websites Are Inadmissible As Double Hearsay Vuitton has listed as exhibits printouts of websites that allegedly list WHOIS information or hosting information about other websites. Like all material from the Internet, WHOIS information is inadmissible hearsay and should be excluded from evidence. It is at least double hearsay. WHOIS or hosting information purports to be information about websites that is input by an individual or organization at the time they register a domain name. Register.com, Inc. v. Verio, Inc., 356 F.3d 393, 396 (2d Cir. 2004). This includes such information as contact name, address, phone number, fax number, email address, domain registrar and server information. 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 Id. But the information in a WHOIS database is inherently unreliable because there is no way to verify the DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 8 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 accuracy of the database or the accuracy of the domain registrant information that was anonymously input by unknown parties. In other words, any website operator can intentionally input fake data into a WHOIS database with no means of checking or correcting erroneous information. It is no surprise that courts have specifically recognized WHOIS database information as particularly unreliable. See Cable News Network L.P., L.L.L.P. v. CNNews.com, 177 F. Supp. 2d 506, 526 (E.D. Va. 2001) (recognizing that [Chinese company] Maya HK provided false contact information to the WHOIS database when applying for the registration of a domain name); Atlas Copco AB v. Atlascopcoiran.com, 533 F. Supp. 2d 610, 613 n.1 (E.D. Va. 2008) (recognizing that WHOIS information that was "false and fictitious.") Courts have explained another reason why WHOIS information is inaccurate; WHOIS information for a website is not always updated when the ownership of a website is transferred. Verizon California Inc. v. Navigation Catalyst Systems, Inc., 568 F. Supp. 2d 1088, 1097 (C.D. Cal. 2008) ("Defendants have not maintained proper `WHOIS' data for all of their sites"); Olympic Sports Data Services, Ltd. v. Maselli, No. 07-117, 2008 WL 5377626, at *1 (E.D. Pa. Dec. 22, 2008). Vuitton's designated Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(b)(6) witness Nicolay Livadkin admitted that the "WHOIS database could not be reliable," that a domain registrant who inputs inaccurate information into the WHOIS database destroys the accuracy of the WHOIS database, and, consequently, a Domain Tools printout is inaccurate. [Lowe Decl. 4, Exhibit "1511" Livadkin Depo 115:12-21] Vuitton's proposed exhibits include printouts from WHOIS search engines such as http://www.DomainTools.com and http://www.NetworkSolutions.com, websites that Vuitton alleges provide search results of the WHOIS information associated with individual websites. These printouts, however are inadmissible triple hearsay. The information contained in them cannot be verified by the Vuitton and they are being offered to prove the truth of the matter asserted (that the IP address and hosting information from unknown sources on those printouts is true). See FED. R. EVID. 802. These printouts are triple hearsay because Vuitton has admitted that it does not maintain this data nor did Livadkin even generate the printouts himself. Unknown persons input information 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 based on unverified third party sources. Unknown persons then printed this information and gave it DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 9 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 to Mr. Livadkin who had no means of verifying any part of it. Now Mr. Livadkin wants to base his testimony on this third or fourth hand material. Mr. Livadkin's hearsay testimony would be based on nothing better than anonymous notes left on a park bench. The testimony cannot be dignified by use in court. These printouts are inadmissible hearsay pursuant to Fed. R. Evid. 802 and should be excluded. C. Testimony About Material Collected From Or Displayed On The Internet Is Inadmissible As Quadruple Hearsay Vuitton has also listed proposed exhibits purporting to be material collected from or displayed on the Internet, but these exhibits and this testimony should be excluded because it is quadruple hearsay. In his Declaration in opposition to Defendants' motion for summary judgment, for example, Livadkin testified about particular domains and the IP addresses at which these domains were allegedly hosted. For instance, he testified that the domain wendy929.net was hosted on IP address 205.209.163.83. [Lowe Decl. 5, Exhibit "1511" Livadkin Decl. 12] Holmes offered similar testimony such as "I began investigating the website luxury2us.com at IP Address 204.16.193.105 which was offering suspect Louis Vuitton products. On or about that date, I confirmed that luxury2us.com was being hosted by Akanoc Solutions." [Lowe Decl. 6, Exhibit "1512" Holmes Decl. 13] This type of testimony is allegedly based on (1) website printouts that (2) allegedly show unverified information (3) input by another unknown person. This type of testimony is completely unreliable three or four times removed from anyone with personal knowledge. This should be excluded. IV. VUITTON'S INTERNET MATERIAL IS PREJUDICIAL The Court should also exclude the material from the Internet that Vuitton will seek to introduce on the basis that it is unduly prejudicial. "Although relevant, evidence may be excluded if its probative value is substantially outweighed by the danger of unfair prejudice, confusion of the issues, or misleading the jury, or by considerations of undue delay, waste of time, or needless presentation of cumulative evidence." Fed. R. Evid. 403. Vuitton's Internet material would violate Fed. R. Evid. 403. 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 10 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 The Internet material that Vuitton will seek to introduce, including printouts of websites allegedly selling counterfeit goods and listing WHOIS data, is unreliable and inherently prejudicial because jurors will likely be excessively and unfairly influenced by such material if it is admitted. The excessive weight given by laymen to material on the Internet is evidenced by the multitude of scams, hoaxes and untruths that proliferate on the Internet solely because of some users' baseless trust in the veracity of material appearing on a computer screen. If the Court admits the material that Vuitton seeks to introduce, jurors are likely to think that it has been reviewed and confirmed as reliable by a highly respected United States government official this Court. So jurors would likely accept the "truth" of those printouts at face value because of the implied verification by the Court. Even a cautionary instruction could not eliminate this "halo" effect. Making things worse, Defendants cannot mitigate this excessive prejudicial effect because there are no means of establishing the falsity of this material, identifying the actual source of statements and crossexamining them Jurors will also be hopelessly misled if such material is admitted into evidence. Material on the Internet is highly suspect by courts because anyone can put anything on the Internet at any time, without any regard for veracity. For this reason, the printouts that Vuitton has listed as exhibits should be excluded because they will mislead jurors. A juror, even if he or she is familiar with the Internet, will tend to believe that any printout of a website, admitted into evidence by a judge, is legitimate and accurate. The same rationale applies to the printouts of WHOIS or hosting search data that Vuitton offers. While it is true that both courts and Vuitton's own witness have recognized that WHOIS data is hearsay that is oftentimes false, a juror will not be able to determine the accuracy of WHOIS data. Jurors will not have any knowledge of the inherent falsity of this information, and instead will likely be misled by terms on the printouts that indicate trustworthiness, such as "Records," "Reports" and "Search Results." Jurors would have no way to distinguish false information from any "true" information. The admissibility of Vuitton's Internet material is a crucial issue in this case. Without this material, Vuitton's allegations of secondary copyright and trademark infringement will collapse. If the Court admits this evidence that the Defendants have no means to challenge, it is likely that the 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 11 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 jury will be prejudiced and misled into giving the material excessive weight, putting the Defendants at a significant and unfair disadvantage. Although the Defendants believe that much of the evidence will be false, the Defendants will have no method of proving the falsity of such evidence. An official looking "report" printed from a computer will easily trump the Defendants' mere testimony that they have nothing to do with particular websites. The significance and highly prejudicial nature of this evidence requires the Court to determine its admissibility of this evidence, not its weight. The Court should exclude the Internet material that Vuitton will seek to introduce because there are three independent bases under the Federal Rules of Evidence requiring exclusion. First, this Internet material is inadmissible hearsay under Fed R. Evid. 802. Second, it is not authenticated as required by Fed. R. Evid. 901. Third, it is highly prejudicial and misleading under Fed. R. Evid. 403. V. CONCLUSION Instead of going to the trouble of obtaining admissible evidence, Vuitton wants to shortcut the fact finding process by offering unauthenticated and prejudicial hearsay because it is convenient to do so. Vuitton could have deposed and used the testimony and records of Internet domain registrars. Or Vuitton could have identified and used the records and testimony of the website operators about whose products it complains. Or Vuitton could have obtained the records and testimony of the Defendants' customers. Vuitton could then have used deposition evidence. But because doing so would require a proper investigation of primary sources, perhaps in other states and countries, Vuitton chose to proceed in the case with two witnesses with no relevant personal knowledge and no real expertise, relying on hearsay, speculation and conjecture. Vuitton's lack of serious effort to obtain admissible evidence suggests this Court is being misused to advance a shakedown by a large international business rather than an effort to prove actual liability. /// /// /// /// /// 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 12 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Defendants move to exclude (1) any material collected from the Internet as highly prejudicial, unauthenticated, inadmissible hearsay and (2) any testimony about Internet material as inadmissible hearsay. Dated: February 23, 2009 GAUNTLETT & ASSOCIATES By: /s/James A. Lowe David A. Gauntlett James A. Lowe Brian S. Edwards Christopher Lai Attorneys for Defendants Akanoc Solutions, Inc., Managed Solutions Group, Inc., and Steve Chen 163799.1-10562-002-2/23/2009 13 DEFENDANTS' MOTION IN LIMINE #2 TO EXCLUDE INTERNET MATERIAL AND TESTIMONY ABOUT INTERNET MATERIAL C 07-3952 JW Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded Ex. # 20 21 22 23 24 25 34 63 63.1 63.2 63.3 63.4 64 64.1 64.2 64.3 64.4 64.5 68 69 69.1 70 71 71.1 72 73 73.1 75 75.1 75.2 76 76.1 76.2 76.3 76.4 76.5 76.6 77 78 78.1 Description ARIN WHOIS Database Search Results for "akanoc" dated 4/8/08 Akanoc Solutions Inc. Service Agreement Dediwebhost.com advertisement Dediwebhost.com printout re company profile dated 4/8/08 Dediwebhost.com printout re managed services dated 4/8/08 ARIN Service Agreement Document from ARIN WHOIS Database Search Website www.wendy929.net 8/11/06 Website www.wendy929.net 10/11/06 Website www.wendy929.net 10/30/06 Website www.wendy929.net 7/16/07 Website www.wendy929.net 9/19/07 Hosting history www.wendy929.net 10/16/06 Hosting history www.wendy929.net 10/23/06 Hosting history www.wendy929.net 10/30/06 Hosting history www.wendy929.net 4/17/07 Hosting history www.wendy929.net 9/19/07 Hosting history www.wendy929.net 3/10/08 Website www.ape168.com Hosting history www.ape168.com dated 3/10/08 Hosting history www.ape168.com Website www.atozbrand.com Hosting history www.atozbrand.com dated 3/10/08 Hosting history www.atozbrand.com Website www.bag925.com Hosting history www.bag925.com Hosting history www.bag925.com 3/10/08 Website www.eshoes99.com 9/19/07 Website www.eshoes99.com 10/23/07 Website www.eshoes99.com 11/22/07 Hosting History www.eshoes99.com Hosting History www.eshoes99.com 10/23/06 Hosting History www.eshoes99.com 2/23/07 Hosting History www.eshoes99.com 3/14/07 Hosting History www.eshoes99.com 4/10/07 Hosting History www.eshoes99.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.eshoes99.com 3/10/08 Website www.315ec.com 8/29/07 Hosting History www.315ec.com 8/29/07 Hosting History www.315ec.com 9/19/07 Identified 4/8/2008 4/8/2008 4/8/2008 4/8/2008 4/8/2008 4/8/2008 4/9/2008 Admitted 1 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 78.2 79 79.1 80 80.1 80.2 84 84.1 84.2 85 85.1 85.2 85.3 85.4 87 87.1 87.2 88 88.1 88.2 89 90 90.1 91 92 92.1 93 93.1 93.2 94 94.1 94.2 94.3 95 95.1 95.2 95.3 95.4 95.5 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.9 96 Hosting History www.315ec.com 3/10/08 Website www.Bag4sell.com 3/8/07 Website www.Bag4sell.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Bag4sell.com 3/8/07 Hosting History www.Bag4sell.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Bag4sell.com 3/10/08 Website www.Bigworldshoes.com 11/14/07 Website www.Bigworldshoes.com 1/27/09 Website www.Bigworldshoes.com 1/28/09 Hosting History www.Bigworldshoes.com 11/14/07 Hosting History www.Bigworldshoes.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Bigworldshoes.com 1/23/09 Hosting History www.Bigworldshoes.com 1/27/09 Hosting History www.Bigworldshoes.com 1/28/09 Website www.Brandfashioner.com 8/29/07 Website www.Brandfashioner.com 8/30/07 Website www.Brandfashioner.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Brandfashioner.com 8/30/07 Hosting History www.Brandfashioner.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Brandfashioner.com 3/10/08 Website www.Brandstylesales.com 10/11/07 Hosting History www.Brandstylesales.com 10/11/07 Hosting History www.Brandstylesales.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Brandtrading.net 3/10/08 Website www.Buymyshoes.net 9/28/07 Website www.Buymyshoes.net 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Buymyshoes.net 9/28/07 Hosting History www.Buymyshoes.net 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Buymyshoes.net 3/12/08 Website www.Cn-nike.us 8/23/07 Website www.Cn-nike.us 5/12/08 Website www.Cn-nike.us 2/11/09 Website www.Cn-nike.us 1/29/09 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us (no date) Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 8/22/07 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 10/4/07 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 11/23/07 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 3/13/08 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 2/11/09 Hosting History www.Cn-nike.us 1/29/09 Website www.Dreamyshoes.com 11/13/07 2 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 96.1 96.2 97 97.1 97.2 97.3 97.4 98 98.1 98.2 98.3 99 99.1 99.2 99.3 99.4 99.5 100 101 101.1 101.2 101.3 102 102.1 102.2 103 104 104.1 104.2 104.3 104.4 105 106 106.1 107 108 108.1 109 109.1 109.2 110 110.1 111 111.1 Website www.Dreamyshoes.com 1/27/09 Website www.Dreamyshoes.com 1/28/09 Hosting History www.Dreamyshoes.com (no date) Hosting History www.Dreamyshoes.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Dreamyshoes.com 1/23/09 Hosting History www.Dreamyshoes.com 1/27/09 Hosting History www.Dreamyshoes.com 1/28/09 Website www.Eastarbiz.com 8/13/07 Website www.Eastarbiz.com 9/19/07 Website www.Eastarbiz.com 9/21/07 Website www.Eastarbiz.com 5/12/08 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.com 8/13/07 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.com 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Eastarbiz.net 8/21/08 Website www.Ebuynike.com 8/14/07 Website www.Ebuynike.com 8/22/07 Website www.Ebuynike.com 8/27/07 Website www.Ebuynike.com 10/24/07 Hosting History www.Ebuynike.com 8/13/07 Hosting History www.Ebuynike.com 8/14/07 Hosting History www.Ebuynike.com 3/10/08 Website www.Ecshoes.com 8/10/07 Hosting History www.Ecshoes.com 8/10/07 Hosting History www.Ecshoes.com 8/16/07 Hosting History www.Ecshoes.com 8/20/07 Hosting History www.Echoes.com 10/2/07 Hosting History www.Echoes.com 3/10/08 Webstie www.Egotobuy.com 9/28/07 Hosting History www.Egotobuy.com 9/28/07 Hosting History www.Egotobuy.com 3/10/08 Website www.Emsyou.com 11/20/07 Hosting History www.Emsyou.com 11/20/07 Hosting History www.Emsyou.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Eshoes99.net 1/23/09 Hosting History www.Eshoes99.net 1/27/09 Hosting History www.Eshoes99.net 1/28/09 Website www.Famous-shop.com 3/8/07 Website www.Famous-shop.com 4/20/07 Hosting History www.Famous-shop.com (no date) Hosting History www.Famous-shop.com 3/7/07 3 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 111.2 111.3 113 114 114.1 115 115.1 115.2 118 118.1 119 119.1 119.2 119.3 119.4 120 120.1 121 121.1 122 123 123.1 124 125 125.1 126 126.1 127 127.1 127.2 130 131 131.1 132 133 133.1 134 134.1 134.2 134.3 134.4 134.5 134.6 134.7 Hosting History www.Famous-shop.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Famous-shop.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Fansjersey.com 3/10/08 Website www.Guccifendi.com 8/20/07 Website www.Guccifendi.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Guccifendi.com 8/20/07 Hosting History www.Guccifendi.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Guccifendi.com 3/10/08 Website www.Gz-free.com 8/14/07 Website www.Gz-free.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Gz-free.com (no date) Hosting History www.Gz-free.com 8/13/07 Hosting History www.Gz-free.com 8/14/07 Hosting History www.Gz-free.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Gz-free.com 3/13/08 Website www.Handbagsell.com 10/29/07 Website www.Handbagsell.com 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Handbagsell.com 10/29/07 Hosting History www.Handbagsell.com 3/10/08 Website www.ilouisvuitton.com 10/24/07 Hosting History www.ilouisvuitton.com 10/24/07 Hosting History www.ilouisvuitton.com 3/12/08 Website www.Imitation-gold.com 10/2/07 Hosting History www.Imitation-gold.com 10/2/07 Hosting History www.Imitation-gold.com 3/12/08 Website www.Innike.com 4/2/07 Website www.Innike.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Innike.com 4/2/07 Hosting History www.Innike.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Innike.com 3/12/08 Website www.Longtimegroup.com 10/29/07 Hosting History www.Longtimegroup.com 10/29/07 Hosting History www.Longtimegroup.com 3/12/08 Hosting History www.Louis-vuitton-bags.org 3/12/08 Website www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 2/15/07 Website www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 9/6/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 2/15/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 3/1/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 3/8/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 3/20/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 9/6/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuittonbagz.com 11/15/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuttionbagz.com 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Louisvuttionbagz.com 3/10/08 4 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 134.8 135 135.1 136 136.1 137 137.1 138 138.1 139 140 140.1 143 144 144.1 144.2 144.3 144.4 144.5 144.6 145 146 146.1 147 147.1 148 149 150 150.1 150.2 151 151.1 151.2 152 152.1 152.2 153 153.1 153.2 154 154.1 155 155.1 Hosting History www.Louisvuttionbagz.com 3/12/08 Website www.Lovernike.com 10/11/07 Website www.Lovernike.com 10/15/07 Hosting History www.Lovernike.com 10/11/07 Hosting History www.Lovernike.com 3/10/08 Website www.Luxelike.com 9/20/07 Website www.Luxelike.com 11/5/07 Hosting History www.Luxelike.com 9/20/07 Hosting History www.Luxelike.com 3/13/08 Website www.Luxury2us.com 2/10/07 Hosting History www.Luxury2us.com 10/2/07 Hosting History www.Luxury2us.com 3/10/08 Website www.Lvbagz.com 3/12/07 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 3/9/07 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 3/20/07 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 9/6/07 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Lvbagz.com 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Lv-nike.com 3/10/08 Website www.Mailgoods.com 9/24/07 Website www.Mailgoods.com - FAQ - 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Mailgoods.com 9/24/07 Hosting History www.Mailgoods.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Myshoes99.com 3/10/08 Website www.Nike558.com 8/23/07 Hosting History www.Nike558.com 8/23/07 Hosting History www.Nike558.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Nike558.com 3/10/08 Website www.Nikeshoeoffer.com 8/29/07 Website www.Nikeshoeoffer.com 9/19/07 Website www.Nikeshoeoffer.com 11/22/07 - About Us Page Hosting History www.Nikeshoeoffer.com 8/29/07 Hosting History www.Nikeshoeoffer.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Nikeshoeoffer.com 3/10/08 Website www.Nikewto.com 9/25/07 Website www.Nikewto.com 11/22/07 Website www.Nikewto.com 11/28/07 Hosting History www.Nikewto.com 9/25/07 Hosting History www.Nikewto.com 3/10/08 Website www.Nonstopbeauty.com 8/13/07 Website www.Nonstopbeauty.com 9/19/07 5 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 156 156.1 156.2 157 158 159 160 160.1 160.2 161 162 162.1 162.2 163 164 164.1 164.2 165 166 166.1 166.2 167 167.1 168 168.1 168.2 169 169.1 170 170.1 171 171.1 171.2 171.3 172 172.1 172.2 175 176 177 177.1 177.2 178 178.1 Hosting History www.Nonstopbeauty.com 8/13/07 Hosting History www.Nonstopbeauty.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Nonstopbeauty.com 3/10/08 Website www.Bizyao.com Hosting History www.Bizyao.com 3/10/09 Webiste www.Nikebrother.com 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Nikebrother.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Nikebrother.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Nikebrother.com 5/13/08 Website www.Ecvv.com 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Ecvv.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Ecvv.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Ecvv.com 5/13/08 Website www.Lv-handbag.com 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Lv-handbag.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Lv-handbag.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Lv-handbag.com 5/13/08 Website www.At88.com 5/12/08 Hosting History www.At88.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.At88.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.At88.com 5/13/08 Website www.Pfcstation.com 8/2/07 Website www.Pfcstation.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Pfcstation.com 8/2/07 Hosting History www.Pfcstation.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Pfcstation.com 3/10/08 Website www.Pickhiphop.com 9/10/07 Website www.Pickhiphop.com 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Pickhiphop.com 9/10/07 Hosting History www.Pickhiphop.com 3/10/08 Website www.Pickyourgoods.com 2/7/07 Website www.Pickyourgoods.com 3/30/07 Website www.Pickyourgoods.com 9/19/07 Website www.Pickyourgoods.com 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Pickyourgoods.com 2/7/07 Hosting History www.Pickyourgoods.com 4/2/07 Hosting History www.Pickyourgoods.com 9/19/07 Evidence LV Monogram bag (brown) Website www.Pickyourorder.com 9/25/07 Hosting History www.Pickyourorder.com 9/25/07 Hosting History www.Pickyourorder.com 11/15/07 Hosting History www.Pickyourorder.com 3/10/08 Website www.Pro-jordan.com 8/7/07 Website www.Pro-jordan.com 9/19/07 6 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 179 179.1 179.2 181 183 183.1 184 184.1 184.2 187 187.1 187.2 188 188.1 188.2 189 189.1 189.2 190 190.1 190.2 193 193.1 193.2 194 194.1 194.2 194.3 194.4 197 197.1 198 198.1 198.2 198.3 200 202 204 205 205.1 206 206.1 206.2 206.3 Hosting History www.Pro-jordan.com 8/7/07 Hosting History www.Pro-jordan.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Pro-jordan.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Replica-ebags.com 3/10/08 Website www.Rrgnl.com 8/27/07 Website www.Rrgnl.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Rrgnl.com 8/27/07 Hosting History www.Rrgnl.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Rrgnl.com 3/10/08 Website www.Shoes-order.com 8/31/07 Website www.Shoes-order.com 9/19/07 Website www.Shoes-order.com 11/22/07 Hosting History www.Shoes-order.com 8/31/07 Hosting History www.Shoes-order.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Shoes-order.com 3/10/08 Website www.Soapparel.com 2/7/07 Website www.Soapparel.com 4/2/07 Website www.Soapparel.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Soapparel.com 4/2/07 Hosting History www.Soapparel.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Soapparel.com 3/10/08 Website www.Sunny7shoes.com 10/1/07 Website www.Sunny7shoes.com 1/27/09 Website www.Sunny7shoes.com 1/28/09 Hosting History www.Sunny7shoes.com 10/1/07 Hosting History www.Sunny7shoes.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Sunny7shoes.com 1/23/09 Hosting History www.Sunny7shoes.com 1/27/09 Hosting History www.Sunny7shoes.com 1/28/09 Website www.Super925.com 8/7/07 Website www.Super925.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Super925.com 8/7/07 Hosting History www.Super925.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Super925.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Super925.com 3/12/08 Hosting History www.Swisshours.biz 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Tytrade88.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Watchesnreplica.com 3/10/08 Website www.Watchesreplica.net 7/27/07 Website www.Watchesreplica.net 9/18/07 Hosting History www.Watchesreplica.net 7/26/07 Hosting History www.Watchesreplica.net 7/27/07 Hosting History www.Watchesreplica.net 9/18/07 Hosting History www.Watchesreplica.net 3/10/08 7 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 208 208.1 208.2 209 209.1 209.2 212 212.1 213 213.1 213.2 213.3 213.4 213.5 214 215 215.1 215.2 216 216.1 217 217.1 217.2 217.3 218 219 219.1 221 222 222.1 222.2 223 223.1 224 226 228 228.1 228.2 229 229.1 230 230.1 231 232 Website www.Watchnreplica.net 7/9/07 Website www.Watchnreplica.net 9/19/07 Website www.Watchnreplica.net 10/22/07 Hosting History www.Watchnreplica.net 7/9/07 Hosting History www.Watchnreplica.net 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Watchnreplica.net 10/22/07 Website www.Wearonline.net 1/23/06 Website www.Wearonline.net 10/15/07 Hosting History www.Wearonline.net 10/15/07 Hosting History www.Wearonline.net 10/11/07 Hosting History www.Wearonline.net 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Wearonline.net 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Wearonline.net 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Wearonline.net 5/13/08 Website www.Wendy929.com 1/09/07 Hosting History www.Wendy929.com 6/22/07 Hosting History www.Wendy929.com 9/19/07 Hosting History www.Wendy929.com 3/10/08 Website www.Worldkeytrade.com 11/14/07 Website www.Worldkeytrade.com 11/20/07 Hosting History www.Worldkeytrade.com 11/14/07 Hosting History www.Worldkeytrade.com 11/20/07 Hosting History www.Worldkeytrade.com 3/10/08 Hosting History www.Worldkeytrade.com 3/11/08 Website www.Yeahebay.com 11/28/07 Hosting History www.Yeahebay.com 11/27/07 Hosting History www.Yeahebay.com 3/11/08 Hosting History www.Yseenet.net 3/11/08 Website www.2008allshoes.com 7/25/08 Website www.2008allshoes.com 1/20/09 Website www.2008allshoes.com 1/30/09 Hosting history www.2008allshoes.com 1/20/09 Hosting history www.2008allshoes.com 1/30/09 Website www.21cntrade.com 7/25/08 Websitewww.21cn-trade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Activestreetwear.com 7/25/08 Website www.Activestreetwear.com 1/19/09 Website www.Activestreetwear.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.ActiveStreetwear.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.ActiveStreetwear.com 1/26/09 Website www.Aifacn.com 7/25/08 Website www.Aifacn.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.Aifacn.com 1/19/09 Website www.Aileapparelonline.com 7/25/08 8 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 232.1 232.2 232.3 233 233.1 233.2 234 234.1 235 235.1 236 238 238.1 239 240 240.1 240.2 241 241.1 242 244 244.1 244.2 244.3 245 245.1 245.2 246 248 248.1 249 249.1 250 250.1 250.2 251 251.1 252 252.1 252.2 253 253.1 254 254.1 Website www.Aileapparelonline.com 1/19/09 Website www.Aileapparelonline.com 1/26/09 Website www.Aileapparelonline.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Aileapparelonline.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.Aileapparelonline.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Aileapparelonline.com 1/30/09 Website www.Alijordan.com 7/25/08 Website www.Alijordan.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.Alijordan.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.Alijordan.com 1/30/09 Website www.Asiaagora.com 7/25/08 Website www.Bbnike.com 7/25/08 Website www.Bbnike.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.Bbnike.com 1/19/09 Website www.Bestgoods4u.com 7/25/08 Website www.Bestgoods4u.com 1/19/09 Website www.Bestgoods4u.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Bestgoods4u.com 1/19/09 Hosting History www.Bestgoods4u.com 1/30/09 Website www.Biz918.com 7/25/08 Website www.Bizwto.com 7/25/08 Website www.Bizwto.com 1/20/09 Website www.Bizwto.com 1/26/09 Website www.Bizwto.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Bizwto.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Bizwto.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Bizwto.com 1/30/09 Website www.Brandshoesclub.com 7/25/08 Website www.Chinabizshop.com 7/25/08 Website www.Chinabizshop.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Chinabizshop.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Chinabizshop.com 1/30/09 Website www.China-sneakers.com 7/25/08 Website www.China-sneakers.com 1/20/09 Website www.China-sneakers.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.China-sneakers.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.China-Sneakers.com 1/30/09 Website www.Cicitrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Cicitrade.com 1/20/09 Website www.Cicitrade.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Cicitrade.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Cicitrade.com 1/30/09 Website www.Cn2009.com 7/25/08 Website www.Cn2009.com 1/20/09 9 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 255 255.1 256 256.1 256.2 257 257.1 258 260 262 262.1 263 263.1 264 264.1 264.2 265 265.1 266 266.1 266.2 267 267.1 268 268.1 268.2 269 269.1 270 270.1 270.2 271 271.1 272 274 276 276.1 276.2 277 277.1 278 278.1 278.2 279 Hosting History www.Cn2009.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Cn2009.com 1/30/09 Website www.Cnlv.us 7/25/08 Website www.Cnlv.us 1/20/09 Website www.Cnlv.us 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Cnlv.us 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Cnlv.us 1/30/09 Website www.Cn-nfl.com 7/25/08 Website www.Cntradetop.com 7/25/08 Website www.Cocotrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Cocotrade.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Cocotrade.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Cocotrade.com 1/30/09 Website www.Copy-offer.com 7/25/08 Website www.Copy-offer.com 1/20/09 Website www.Copy-offer.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Copy-Offer.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Copy-Offer.com 1/30/09 Website www.Copytransfer.com 7/25/08 Website www.Copytransfer.com 1/26/09 Website www.Copytransfer.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Copytransfer.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Copytransfer.com 1/30/09 Website www.Cxdtrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Cxdtrade.com 1/20/09 Website www.Cxdtrade.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Cxdtrade.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Cxdtrade.com 1/30/09 Website www.Dadidatrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Dadidatrade.com 1/26/09 Website www.Dadidatrade.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Dadidatrade.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Dadidatrade.com 1/30/09 Website www.Divastyle-exclusives.com 7/25/08 Website www.Dowellchina.com 7/25/08 Website www.E-bayshoe.com 7/25/08 Website www.E-bayshoe.com 1/20/09 Website www.E-bayshoe.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.E-bayshoe.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.E-bayshoe.com 1/30/09 Website www.Ebaytra.com 7/25/08 Website www.Ebaytra.com 1/20/09 Website www.Ebaytra.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Ebaytra.com 1/20/09 10 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 279.1 280 280.1 280.2 281 281.1 282 284 284.1 284.2 285 285.1 286 286.1 286.2 287 287.1 287.2 287.3 288 288.1 288.2 288.3 289 289.1 289.2 290 292 292.1 292.2 293 293.1 294 294.1 294.2 295 295.1 295.2 296 298 300 300.1 300.2 301 Hosting History www.Ebaytra.com 1/30/09 Website www.Ec21china.com 7/25/08 Website www.Ec21china.com 1/20/09 Website www.Ec21china.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Ec21china.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Ec21china.com 1/30/09 Website www.Ecvvnike.com 7/25/08 Website www.Electricvip.com 7/25/08 Website www.Electricvip.com 1/20/09 Website www.Electricvip.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Electricvip.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Electricvip.com 1/30/09 Website www.Equaldeal.com 5/12/08 Website www.Equaldeal.com 7/25/08 Website www.Equaldeal.com 1/28/09 Hosting History www.Equaldeal.com 4/28/08 Hosting History www.Equaldeal.com 4/29/08 Hosting History www.Equaldeal.com 5/13/08 Hosting History www.Equaldeal.com 1/28/09 Website www.Eshoesbiz.com 7/25/08 Website www.Eshoesbiz.com 1/27/09 Website www.Eshoesbiz.com 1/28/09 Website www.Eshoesbiz.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Eshoesbiz.com 1/27/09 Hosting History www.Eshoesbiz.com 1/28/09 Hosting History www.Eshoesbiz.com 1/30/09 Website www.Factory-trade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Fallinmall.com 7/25/08 Website www.Fallinmall.com 1/26/09 Website www.Fallinmall.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Fallinmall.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Fallinmall.com 1/30/09 Website www.Fashionholland.com 7/25/08 Website www.Fashionholland.com 1/20/09 Website www.Fashionholland.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Fashionholland.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Fashionholland.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Fashionholland.com 1/30/09 Website www.Fugems.com 7/25/08 Website www.Gegtrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Gift-pop.com 7/25/08 Website www.Gift-pop.com 1/20/09 Website www.Gift-pop.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Gift-pop.com 1/20/09 11 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 301.1 301.2 302 302.1 303 303.1 304 304.1 304.2 305 305.1 305.2 306 306.1 307 308 310 310.1 310.2 311 311.1 312 312.1 312.2 313 313.1 313.2 314 314.1 315 315.1 316 316.1 316.2 317 317.1 318 318.1 318.2 319 319.1 319.2 320 322 Hosting History www.Gift-pop.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Gift-pop.com 1/30/09 Website www.Goingwto.com 7/25/08 Website www.Goingwto.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Goingwto.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Goingwto.com 1/26/09 Website www.Guangruntrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Guangruntrade.com 1/20/09 Website www.Guangruntrade.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Guangruntrade.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Guangruntrade.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Guangruntrade.com 1/30/09 Website www.Iknowkick.com 7/25/08 Website www.Iknowkick.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Iknowkick.com 1/20/09 Website www.ilovereplica.com 7/25/08 Website www.Joinustrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Joinustrade.com 1/20/09 Website www.Joinustrade.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Joinustrade.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Joinustrade.com 1/30/09 Website www.Jordanaf1.com 7/25/08 Website www.Jordanaf1.com 1/20/09 Website www.Jordanaf1.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Jordanaf1.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Jordanaf1.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Jordanaf1.com 1/30/09 Website www.Jordan-plaza.com 7/25/08 Website www.Jordan-plaza.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Jordan-plaza.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Jordan-plaza.com 1/26/09 Website www.Kickaaa.com 7/25/08 Website www.Kickaaa.com 1/26/09 Website www.Kickaaa.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Kickaaa.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Kickaaa.com 1/30/09 Website www.Kneagle.com 7/25/08 Website www.Kneagle.com 1/20/09 Website www.Kneagle.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Kneagle.com 1/20/09 Hosting History www.Kneagle.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Kneagle.com 1/30/09 Website www.Laceduptrade.com 7/25/08 Website www.Lg668.com 7/25/08 12 Attachment "A" Motion in Limine to Exclude Internet Material and Testimony about Internet Material Exhibits to be Excluded 322.1 322.2 323 323.1 324 324.1 324.2 325 325.1 326 326.1 326.2 327 327.1 328 330 332 332.1 332.2 333 333.1 334 336 338 338.1 338.2 339 339.1 340 340.1 340.2 341 341.1 342 342.1 342.2 343 343.1 344 344.1 344.2 345 345.1 346 Website www.Lg668.com 1/26/09 Website www.Lg668.com 1/30/09 Hosting History www.Lg668.com 1/26/09 Hosting History www.Lg668.com 1/30/09 Website www.Loo

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