Louis Vuitton Malletier, S.A. v. Akanoc Solutions, Inc. et al

Filing 161

Proposed Jury Instructions by Akanoc Solutions, Inc., Managed Solutions Group, Inc., Steven Chen DEFENDANTS' PROPOSED MODEL JURY INSTRUCTIONS. (Attachments: # 1 Supplemental Jury Instruction #1, # 2 Supplemental Jury Instruction #2, # 3 Supplemental Jury Instruction #3, # 4 Supplemental Jury Instruction #4, # 5 Supplemental Jury Instruction #5, # 6 Supplemental Jury Instruction #6, # 7 Supplemental Jury Instruction #7, # 8 Supplemental Jury Instruction #8, # 9 Supplemental Jury Instruction #9, # 10 Supplemental Jury Instruction #10, # 11 Supplemental Jury Instruction #11, # 12 Supplemental Jury Instruction #12, # 13 Supplemental Jury Instruction #13, # 14 Supplemental Jury Instruction #14, # 15 Supplemental Jury Instruction #15, # 16 Supplemental Jury Instruction #16, # 17 Supplemental Jury Instruction #17, # 18 Supplemental Jury Instruction #18, # 19 Supplemental Jury Instruction #20, # 20 Supplemental Jury Instruction #21, # 21 Supplemental Jury Instruction #22, # 22 Supplemental Jury Instruction #23)(Lowe, James) (Filed on 6/5/2009)

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Louis Vuitton Malletier, S.A. v. Akanoc Solutions, Inc. et al Doc. 161 Att. 13 Case5:07-cv-03952-JW Document161-14 Filed06/05/09 Page1 of 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 GAUNTLETT & ASSOCIATES David A. Gauntlett (SBN 96399) James A. Lowe (SBN 214383) Brian S. Edwards (SBN 166258) Christopher Lai (SBN 249425) 18400 Von Karman, Suite 300 Irvine, California 92612 Telephone: (949) 553-1010 Facsimile: (949) 553-2050 info@gauntlettlaw.com jal@gauntlettlaw.com bse@gauntlettlaw.com Attorneys for Defendants Akanoc Solutions, Inc., Managed Solutions Group, Inc. and Steve Chen UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA, SAN JOSE DIVISION LOUIS VUITTON MALLETIER, S.A., ) Case No.: C 07-3952 JW (HRL) ) ) Plaintiff, ) SUPPLEMENTAL JURY ) INSTRUCTION NO. 14 vs. ) ) ) ) AKANOC SOLUTIONS, INC., MANAGED SOLUTIONS GROUP, INC., STEVEN CHEN ) AND DOES 1 THROUGH 10, INCLUSIVE, ) ) ) Defendants. ) ) 164113.1-10562-002-6/5/2009 SUPPLEMENTAL JURY INSTRUCTION NO. 14 C 07-3952 JW Dockets.Justia.com Case5:07-cv-03952-JW Document161-14 Filed06/05/09 Page2 of 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 164113.1-10562-002-6/5/2009 JURY INSTRUCTION No. ____ CONTRIBUTORY TRADEMARK INFRINGEMENT DIRECT CONTROL AND MONITORING You may find defendants liable for contributory trademark infringement if you find that a defendant (1) had knowledge of websites directly infringing plaintiff's trademarks, and (2) directly controlled and monitored those websites. As to (1) above, you may not infer knowledge of direct infringement simply because a defendant was notified of potential infringement occurring at particular websites. As to (2) above, direct control and monitoring means more than a relatively passive degree of control and monitoring. It refers to actual control over operations at infringing websites including advertising and promoting infringing businesses and providing customers to infringing websites. 2 SUPPLEMENTAL JURY INSTRUCTION NO. 14 C 07-3952 JW Case5:07-cv-03952-JW Document161-14 Filed06/05/09 Page3 of 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Lockheed Martin Corp. v. Network Solutions, Inc., 194 F.3d 980, 983, 985 (9th Cir. 1999) ("Contributory infringement occurs when the defendant either intentionally induces a third party to infringe the plaintiff's mark or supplies a product to a third party with actual or constructive knowledge that the product is being used to infringe the service mark. Lockheed alleges only the latter basis for contributory infringement liability and therefore must prove that NSI supplies a product to third parties with actual or constructive knowledge that its product is being used to infringe "Skunk Works.". . . Direct control and monitoring of the instrumentality used by a third party to infringe the plaintiff's mark permits the expansion of Inwood Lab's "supplies a product" requirement for contributory infringement.") Louis Vuitton Malletier, S.A. v. Akanoc Solutions, Inc., WL 5383905, *9 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 23, 2008) ("The Court first addresses contributory trademark liability under the "extent of control" theory. Under that framework, a plaintiff must prove that the defendant had knowledge and "[d]irect control and monitoring of the instrumentality used by the third party to infringe the plaintiff's mark." [citing to Lockheed, 194 F.3d at 984]. Perfect 10, Inc. v. Visa International Service Association, 494 F.3d 788, 799 (9th Cir.2007) ("The actual display, location, and distribution of infringing images in this case occurs on websites that organize, display, and transmit information over the wires and wireless instruments that make up the Internet. The websites are the "site" of the infringement, not Defendants' payment networks.") Lockheed Martin Corp. v. Network Solutions, Inc., 194 F.3d 980, 985 (9th Cir.1999) ("Where domain names are used to infringe, the infringement does not result from NSI's publication of the domain name list, but from the registrant's use of the name on a web site or other Internet form of communication in connection with goods and services.") Lockheed Martin Corp. v. Network Solutions, Inc., 985 F. Supp. 949, 964 (C.D.Cal.1997), affd. Lockheed Martin Corp. v. Network Solutions, Inc., 194 F.3d 980 (9th Cir.1999) ("In holding that the degree of uncertainty over infringing uses of domain names makes it inappropriate to impose contributory liability on NSI, the Court is not making new trademark rules for the Internet. Contributory infringement doctrine has always treated uncertainty of infringement as relevant to the question of an alleged contributory infringer's knowledge. See Mini Maid, 967 F.2d at 1521 (instructing district court to consider extent and nature of alleged infringement in determining whether to impute knowledge to alleged contributory infringer); Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competition 26 cmt. a (1993) (noting that a person's liability for contributory infringement "depends upon the nature of the business relationship between the person and the direct infringer and the knowledge attributable to the person on the basis of that relationship"). A trademark owner's demand letter is insufficient to resolve this inherent uncertainty. [citing Coca-Cola Co. v. Snow Crest Beverages, 64 F.Supp. 980 (D.Mass.1946), aff'd, 162 F.2d 280 (1st Cir.1947)]." Fare Deals Ltd. v. World Choice Travel.Com, Inc., 180 F.Supp.2d 678, 689-690 (D.Md.2001) ("Moreover, liability in the flea-market cases rested on more than the relatively passive degree of control and monitoring usually exercised by a landlord. The flea-market operators not only exercised considerable actual control over the operations of their vendors; they also actively supported the infringing businesses of their vendors-by advertising and promoting the flea markets and by providing the vendors their customers. See Hard Rock Cafe Licensing Corp., 955 F.2d at 1148; Fonovisa, Inc., 76 F.3d at 264). 164113.1-10562-002-6/5/2009 3 SUPPLEMENTAL JURY INSTRUCTION NO. 14 C 07-3952 JW

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