Reeder v. Knapik et al
ORDER DISMISSING CASE Without Prejudice and Granting Leave to File an Amended Complaint within 30 days of the filing of this Order. It is further Ordered that the failure to file an amended complaint which complies with this order within the time provided will result in this action being closed. Signed by Judge M. James Lorenz on 2/28/2007. (mjj, ) Modified on 3/1/2007 to remove duplicative text(mam).
Reeder v. Knapik et al
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 VIRGINIA REEDER, 12 13 v. 14 JOHN KNAPIK DBA K/MONT CONSTRUCTION, et al., 15 Defendants. 16 17 Plaintiff, ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Civil No. 07-CV-362-L(LSP) ORDER DISMISSING ACTION WITHOUT PREJUDICE and GRANTING LEAVE TO FILE AN AMENDED COMPLAINT UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
On February 26, 2007, Virginia Reeder, who is listed as plaintiff and is appearing pro se,
18 submitted a complaint that was signed only by Willie James Washington, as having power of 19 attorney for Virginia Reeder. A non-attorney cannot represent a pro se litigant. See Johns v. 20 County of San Diego, 114 F.3d 874, 876 (9th Cir.1997) ("While a non-attorney may appear pro se 21 on his own behalf, he has no authority to appear as an attorney for others than himself."). 22 Accordingly, the Court will dismiss the current complaint and grant Virginia Reeder leave to file 23 an amended complaint which she signs. 24 If Virginia Reeder chooses to continue to pursue this action by filing an amended
25 complaint, plaintiff is advised that she must set forth the grounds upon which the court's 26 jurisdiction depends. Moreover, any amended complaint must include clear and concise factual 27 allegations describing the events which underlie plaintiff's claims. See Federal Rule of Civil 28 Procedure 8. In addition, plaintiff is informed that the court cannot refer to a prior pleading in
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1 order to make any amended complaint complete. An amended complaint must be complete in 2 itself without reference to any prior pleading. This is because an amended complaint supersedes 3 the original complaint. See Loux v. Rhay, 375 F.2d 55, 57 (9th Cir.1967). Once a plaintiff files 4 an amended complaint, the original complaint no longer serves any function in the case. 5 Therefore, in an amended complaint, as in an original complaint, each claim and the involvement 6 of each defendant must be sufficiently alleged. Any amended pleading which fails to provide 7 the necessary factual description as to each defendant will likely be dismissed. 8 Further, it is not clear from the complaint whether Virginia Reeder is attempting to
9 remove an action from the state court. The complaint states: "That Plaintiff seeks to remove the 10 pending civil small claims petition to the United States District Court based on the amount of 11 damages exceeding $50,000."1 (Complaint at 4). A plaintiff cannot remove an action to federal 12 court; only a defendant may seek removal. See 28 U.S.C. § 1446(a): 13 14 15 16 A defendant or defendants desiring to remove any civil action or criminal prosecution from a State court shall file in the district court of the United States for the district and division within which such action is pending a notice of removal signed pursuant to Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and containing a short and plain statement of the grounds for removal, together with a copy of all process, pleadings, and orders served upon such defendant or defendants in such action.
17 If Virginia Reeder is attempting to remove an action from the state court in which she is a named 18 defendant, she must follow the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure notwithstanding her pro se 19 status. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 It is also not clear if Virginia Reeder intends to bring this action or remove the action on the basis of original jurisdiction or diversity jurisdiction given her statement that damages are in excess of $50,000. "The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Additionally, a federal court has jurisdiction over an action involving citizens of different states and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00. 28 U.S.C. § 1332. The diversity statute must be strictly construed. Kantor v. Wellesley Galleries, Ltd., 704 F.2d 1088, 1092 (9th Cir. 1983). The citizenship of all defendants, whether or not they have been served with the complaint, determines if complete diversity exists. Clarence E. Morris, Inc. v. Vitek, 412 F.2d 1174, 1176 (9th Cir. 1969); accord Pecherski v. General Motors Corp., 636 F.2d 1156, 1160 (8th Cir. 1981). The party seeking to invoke the court's original or diversity jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing that jurisdiction exists. Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992).
Finally, Virginia Reeder names several private individuals as defendants in this purported
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1 civil rights complaint. A § 1983 plaintiff must demonstrate a deprivation of a right secured by 2 the Constitution or laws of the United States, and that the defendant acted under color of state 3 law. West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48, 108 S. Ct. 2250 (1988). Thus, a § 1983 action is generally 4 not applicable to private parties. Plaintiff is cautioned to determine whether there is some legal 5 basis for asserting a § 1983 claim against private parties if she seeks to amend the complaint to 6 name private individuals. 7 Based on the foregoing, IT IS ORDERED dismissing the complaint without prejudice.
8 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED granting leave to file an amended complaint within 30 days of 9 the filing of this Order. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the failure to file an amended 10 complaint which complies with this order within the time provided will result in this action be 11 closed. 12 IT IS SO ORDERED.
13 DATED: February 28, 2007 14 15 16 COPY TO: 17 HON. LEO S. PAPAS UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 18 ALL PARTIES/COUNSEL 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
M. James Lorenz United States District Court Judge
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