Wermers Multi-Family Corp. v. National Fire & Marine Insurance Company et al

Filing 8

ORDER DISMISSING CASE and Remanding to State Court. Signed by Judge M. James Lorenz on 3/10/2008. (Certified copy sent to Superior Court)(mjj)

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Wermers Multi-Family Corp. v. National Fire & Marine Insurance Company et al Doc. 8 Case 3:08-cv-00415-L-POR Document 8 Filed 03/11/2008 Page 1 of 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 WERMERS MULTI-FAMILY CORP., a California corporation, 11 Plaintiff, 12 v. 13 NATIONAL FIRE & MARINE 14 INSURANCE COMPANY, a business entity of unknown form, et al. 15 Defendants. 16 17 18 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Civil No. 08cv415-L(POR) ORDER REMANDING ACTION TO STATE COURT UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA On March 5, 2008, Defendant filed a notice of removal, removing this insurance bad faith 19 action from State court. The notice of removal is based on diversity jurisdiction pursuant to 28 20 U.S.C. 1332 and 1441. 21 The federal court is one of limited jurisdiction. See Gould v. Mutual Life Ins. Co. of N.Y., 22 790 F.2d 769, 774 (9th Cir. 1986). It possesses only that power authorized by the Constitution 23 or a statute. See Bender v. Williamsport Area Sch. Dist., 475 U.S. 534, 541 (1986). It is 24 constitutionally required to raise issues related to federal subject matter jurisdiction, and may do 25 so sua sponte. Steel Co. v. Citizens for a Better Env't, 523 U.S. 83, 93-94 (1998); see Indus. 26 Tectonics, Inc. v. Aero Alloy, 912 F.2d 1090, 1092 (9th Cir. 1990). 27 "Except as otherwise expressly provided by Act of Congress, any civil action brought in a 28 State court of which the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, may be 08cv415 Dockets.Justia.com Case 3:08-cv-00415-L-POR Document 8 Filed 03/11/2008 Page 2 of 2 1 removed by the defendant or the defendants, to the district court of the United States for the 2 district and division embracing the place where such action is pending." 28 U.S.C. 1441(a). 3 Original jurisdiction exists in cases of complete diversity, where each of the plaintiffs is a citizen 4 of a different state than each of the defendants. 28 U.S.C. 1332; Caterpillar Inc. v. Lewis, 519 5 U.S. 61, 68 (1996). 6 "The burden of establishing federal jurisdiction is on the party seeking removal, and the 7 removal statute is strictly construed against removal jurisdiction." Nishimoto v. 8 Federman-Bachrach & Assoc., 903 F.2d 709, 712 n.3 (9th Cir. 1990). "Federal jurisdiction 9 must be rejected if there is any doubt as to the right of removal in the first instance." Gaus v. 10 Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992). 11 The notice of removal states that Plaintiff is a California citizen, specifically that it is a 12 California corporation. (Notice 5.) The notice of removal and the underlying complaint are 13 silent as to Plaintiff's principal place of business. See 28 U.S.C. 1332(c). Based on the 14 foregoing, the court finds there is doubt as to the right of removal in the first instance. See Gaus, 15 980 F.2d at 566. 16 As Defendant has failed to meet its burden in establishing federal subject matter 17 jurisdiction, this action is REMANDED to the Superior Court of the State of California for the 18 County of San Diego. 19 20 21 DATED: March 10, 2008 22 23 24 COPY TO: M. James Lorenz United States District Court Judge IT IS SO ORDERED. HON. LOUISA S. PORTER 25 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 26 ALL PARTIES/COUNSEL 27 28 2 08cv415

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