Federal National Mortgage Association v. Reyes et al
ORDER: Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 1447(c), this action is remanded for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction to the Superior Court of California for the County of San Diego, where it was originally filed and assigned case number 37-2011-00046197-CL-UD-CTL. Signed by Judge William Q. Hayes on 4/25/2012. (All non-registered users served via U.S. Mail Service; certified copy: Calif. Superior Court, San Diego County.) (mdc)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE
CASE NO. 12cv567 WQH (DHB)
ADRIAN REYES, an individual;
NORMA CHAVIRA, an individual;
DOES 1through 10, inclusive,
On August 5, 2011, Plaintiff initiated this action by filing a Complaint for Unlawful
Detainer in the Superior Court of California for the County of San Diego, where it was
assigned case number 37-2011-00046197-CL-UD-CTL. (ECF No. 1-1 at 8). The Complaint
alleges that Plaintiff is entitled to possession of real property located at 1619 Mary Lou Street,
San Diego, California 92102. The Complaint alleges that Plaintiff served Defendants with
written notice requiring them to vacate the property, and Defendants failed to vacate the
property. The Complaint alleges a single claim for unlawful detainer under California law.
On August 17, 2011, Defendants Adrian Reyes and Norma Chavira, proceeding pro se,
removed the action to this Court. (ECF No. 1). The Notice of Removal alleges that federal
question jurisdiction exists because “Defendant filed a demurrer to the Complaint based on
defective notice, i.e., the Notice to Occupants to Vacate Premises, failed to comply with the
Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act [12 U.S.C. § 5220].” (ECF No. 1 at 2).
On March 14, 2012, Plaintiff filed a Motion to Remand. (ECF No. 4). Plaintiff
2 contends that subject matter jurisdiction does not exist because federal question jurisdiction
3 is established by the claims in the complaint. Plaintiff contends that the matter was not timely
To date, Defendants have not filed a response to the Motion to Remand.
A defendant may remove a civil action from state court to federal court based on either
7 federal question or diversity jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1441. “The presence or absence of
8 federal-question jurisdiction is governed by the well-pleaded complaint rule, which provides
9 that federal jurisdiction exists only when a federal question is presented on the face of the
10 plaintiff’s properly pleaded complaint.... [T]he existence of a defense based upon federal law
11 is insufficient to support jurisdiction.” Wayne v. DHL Worldwide Express, 294 F.3d 1179,
12 1183 (9th Cir. 2002) (quotation and citation omitted). “The removal statute is strictly
13 construed, and any doubt about the right of removal requires resolution in favor of remand.”
14 Moore-Thomas v. Alaska Airline, Inc., 553 F.3d 1241, 1244 (9th Cir. 2009) (citation omitted).
15 The presumption against removal means that “the defendant always has the burden of
16 establishing that removal is proper.” Id.
The sole basis for federal jurisdiction stated in the Notice of Removal is that Defendants
18 have a defense to the Complaint based upon Plaintiff’s alleged failure to comply with a federal
19 statute. “[T]he existence of a defense based upon federal law is insufficient to support
20 [federal] jurisdiction.” Wayne, 294 F.3d at 1183. The Notice of Removal does not adequately
21 state a basis for federal subject-matter jurisdiction.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c), this action is REMANDED for lack of subject-matter
23 jurisdiction to the Superior Court of California for the County of San Diego, where it was
24 originally filed and assigned case number 37-2011-00046197-CL-UD-CTL.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
26 DATED: April 25, 2012
WILLIAM Q. HAYES
United States District Judge
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