Hangingout, Inc. v. Google, Inc.
ORDER Granting Google Inc.'s 28 Motion to File Documents Under Seal. Signed by Judge Anthony J. Battaglia on 3/24/2014. (rlu)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
10 HANGINOUT, INC., a Delaware
13 GOOGLE, INC., a Delaware
Case No.13cv2811 AJB (NLS)
ORDER GRANTING GOOGLE
INC.’S MOTION TO FILE
DOCUMENTS UNDER SEAL
(Doc. No. 28)
Presently before the Court is Defendant Google, Inc.’s (“Google”) motion to file
17 under seal limited portions of: (i) Google’s Memorandum of Points and Authorities in
18 Support of its Opposition to Plaintiff Hanginout, Inc.’s (“Hanginout”) Motion for
19 Preliminary Injunction; (ii) the Declaration of Matthew Leske submitted in support
20 thereof; and (iii) the Declaration of Ellery Long submitted in support thereof. (Doc. No.
21 28.) Google has filed public redacted versions of the above listed documents and lodged
22 unredacted versions with the Court. For the reasons set forth below, the Court GRANTS
23 Google’s motion to file under seal. (Doc. No. 28.)
Courts have historically recognized a “general right to inspect and copy public
26 records and documents, including judicial records and documents.” Nixon v. Warner
27 Commc’ns, Inc., 435 U.S. 589, 597 & n.7 (1978). In order to overcome this strong
28 presumption in favor of public access, a party seeking to seal a judicial record must
13cv2811 AJB (NLS)
1 articulate justifications for sealing that outweigh public policy favoring disclosure. See
2 Kamakana v. City and Cnty. of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1178–79 (9th Cir. 2006)
3 (quoting Foltz v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 331 F.3d 1122, 1135 (9th Cir. 2003)).
4 A party seeking to seal documents attached to a non-dispositive motion must demonstrate
5 “good cause,” Pintos v. Pac. Creditors Ass’n, 605 F.3d 665, 678 (9th Cir. 2010), whereas
6 a party seeking to seal documents attached to a dispositive motion must articulate a
7 compelling reason to do so, Valley Broad. Co. v. U.S. Dist. Ct. for Dist. of Nev., 798 F.2d
8 1289, 1294 (9th Cir. 1986). A motion for preliminary injunction, as is currently pending
9 before the Court, is not a dispositive motion. In re Nat'l Sec. Agency Telecomms.
10 Records Litig., MDL No. 06-1791 VRW, 2007 WL 549854, at *4 (N.D. Cal. Feb. 20,
Here, Google seeks to seal selected portions of documents filed in support of its
13 opposition to Hanginout’s motion for preliminary injunction on the basis that public
14 access to this information would put Google at a competitive disadvantage because it
15 would reveal information about Google’s advertising expenditures, the scope and reach
16 of certain products offered by Google, and the amount of time and money Google has
17 invested in the creation of certain products. In support, Google attached the Declaration
18 of Matthew Leske (Leske”), the Product Manager of Hangouts by Google Sweden AB,
19 and the Declaration of Ellery Long (“Long”), the Product Marketing Manager of
20 Hangouts. (Doc. No. 28, Exs. 1, 2.) Both Leske and Long declare that public exposure
21 of such confidential information, which includes the number of mobile devices that have
22 the Hangouts app installed, the number of uses and users of Hangouts and Hangouts On
23 Air, and the amount of time and money Google has invested in creating Hangouts is non24 public information, the disclosure of which would put Google at a competitive disadvan25 tage. (Doc. No. 28, Ex. 1 at ¶¶ 3–5; Doc. No. 28, Ex. 2 at ¶¶ 3–4.) Counsel for Google
26 represents that they have conferred with counsel for Hanginout and Hanginout will not
27 oppose the pending motion to seal. (Doc. No. 3 at 3:1–2.)
13cv2811 AJB (NLS)
After a review of the information Google seeks to seal and the documents filed in
2 support of the pending motion, the Court finds Google has set forth “good cause” for
3 limiting public access to the information. See Algarin v. Maybelline, LLC, No.
4 12CV3000 AJB DHB, 2014 WL 690410, at *3 (S.D. Cal. Feb. 21, 2014) (“Where a party
5 shows that its documents contain sources of business information that might harm its
6 competitive standing, the need for public access to the records is lessened.”). Moreover,
7 the Courts finds Google has carefully redacted only the portions of the opposition and
8 supporting declarations it deems confidential, and left the remaining portions of the
9 documents accessible to the public. Accordingly, at this stage in the proceeding, the
10 Court GRANTS Google’s motion to seal. (Doc. No. 28.) Because Google has already
11 filed redacted versions of the lodged documents it seeks to seal no further action in
12 conjunction with this motion is necessary.
15 IT IS SO ORDERED.
17 DATED: March 24, 2014
Hon. Anthony J. Battaglia
U.S. District Judge
13cv2811 AJB (NLS)
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?