Givens v. Miller et al
ORDER re 34 Notice of Referral. The Court concludes that the appeal is taken in good faith and declines to revoke Plaintiff's in forma pauperis status on appeal. Signed by Judge Gonzalo P. Curiel on 4/7/2017. (USCA Case Number 17-55433. Order electronically transmitted to the US Court of Appeals. All non-registered users served via U.S. Mail Service.) (akr)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ROBERT LEE GIVENS,
CASE NO. 15cv2877-GPC(PCL)
ORDER RE NOTICE OF
A. MILLER, et al.,
On March 3, 2017, the Court granted Defendants’ motion to dismiss and denied
Plaintiff’s motion for leave to file a first amended complaint. (Dkt. No. 29.) On March
29, 2017, Plaintiff filed a notice of appeal. (Dkt. No. 31.) On April 6, 2017, the United
States Court of Appeal for the Ninth Circuit referred the issue of whether in forma
pauperis status should continue for the appeal or whether the appeal is frivolous or
taken in bad faith. (Dkt. No. 34.)
“An appeal may not be taken in forma pauperis if the trial court certifies in
writing that it is not taken in good faith.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3). Federal Rule of
Appellate Procedure 24(a)(3) provides that
a party who was permitted to proceed in forma pauperis in the districtcourt action, or who was determined to be financially unable to obtain an
adequate defense in a criminal case, may proceed on appeal in forma
pauperis without further authorization, unless: (A) the district court-before or after the notice of appeal is filed--certifies that the appeal is not
taken in good faith or finds that the party is not otherwise entitled to
proceed in forma pauperis and states in writing its reasons for the
certification or finding; or (B) a statute provides otherwise.
1 Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3). A good faith inquiry does not require a preliminary showing
2 of any particular degree of merit. Ellis v. U.S., 356 U.S. 674, 674 (1958). In the
3 absence of an improper motive, good faith is established by the presentation of any
4 issue which is not plainly frivolous. Id. An appeal is frivolous if it lacks any arguable
5 basis in law or fact. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989).
The Court granted Defendants’ motion to dismiss with prejudice concluding that
7 Plaintiff’s due process and Eighth Amendment claims are barred by Heck v. Humphrey,
8 512 U.S. 477 (1994). The Court concludes that the appeal is taken in good faith and
9 declines to revoke Plaintiff’s in forma pauperis status on appeal.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
12 DATED: April 7, 2017
HON. GONZALO P. CURIEL
United States District Judge
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