Hernandez v. Beard et al

Filing 25

ORDER: (1) Denying Petitioner's Motion for Stay of Judgment; (2) Denying Petitioner's Motion for Second Extension of Time to File Objections to Report and Recommendation; (3) Adopting Report and Recommendation; and (4) Granting Defendant's Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge Roger T. Benitez on 1/17/2017.(All non-registered users served via U.S. Mail Service)(knb)

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I 1 ■ FILED . 2 17 JAN 17 PH 3:31 3 4 deputy !?¥' 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 FRANCISCO RENE HERNANDEZ, Case No.: 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA Petitioner, 12 13 v. 14 ORDER: JEFFREY BEARD, Secretary of California Department of Corrections, et al., 15 16 (1) DENYING PETITIONER’S MOTION FOR STAY OF JUDGMENT; Respondents. (2) DENYING PETITIONER’S MOTION FOR SECOND EXTENSION OF TIME TO FILE OBJECTIONS TO REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION; 17 18 19 20 (3) ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION; and 21 22 (4) GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO DISMISS 23 24 [Docket Nos. 8,14,19, 24] 25 26 27 28 Petitioner Francisco Rene Hernandez, a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in informa pauperis, filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus (“Petition”) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, challenging his San Diego Superior Court conviction and sentence in l 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA 1 Case No. SCE286092. (Docket No. 1.) Respondent Jeffrey Beard filed a Motion to 2 Dismiss the Petition. (Docket No. 8.) The Motion is fully briefed. 3 Magistrate Judge Jan M. Adler issued a thoughtful and thorough Report and 4 Recommendation (“Report”) recommending this Court grant Respondent’s Motion and 5 dismiss the Petition. (Docket No. 14.) Specifically, the Report found Petitioner had 6 previously filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in this Court, in which he challenged 7 the same conviction and sentence that he challenges in the current Petition. (Id. at 2.) As 8 such, the Petition should be dismissed as successive pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2). 9 (Id. at 3-4.) Petitioner did not timely file any objections to the Report. Petitioner has 10 since filed a Motion for Stay of Judgment and a Motion for a Second Extension of Time 11 to File Objections. (Docket Nos. 19, 24.) For the reasons that follow, the Court DENIES the Motion for Stay, DENIES the 12 13 Motion for a Second Extension of Time, and ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation. 14 PROCEDURAL HISTORY AND BACKGROUND 15 On July 2,2012, Petitioner filed a petition for writ of habeas in this Court, wherein 16 he challenged his August 4, 2009 conviction and resulting sentence in San Diego County 17 Superior Court Case No. SCE286092 for two counts of robbery under California Penal 18 Code § 211. See Hernandez v. Beard, 3:12-cv-01682-BEN-DHB. i On October 16, 2013, this Court adopted Magistrate Judge David H. Bartick’s 19 20 Report and Recommendation to deny the petition and also denied a certificate of 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 i Petitioner’s conviction was affirmed by the California Court of Appeal on October 27, 2011. (See Hernandez v. Beard, 3:12-cv-01682-BEN-DHB, Docket No. 28 at 4.) Petitioner then filed a petition for review in the California Supreme Court, which issued a silent denial on January 11, 2012. (Id.) Petitioner also filed a habeas corpus petition in San Diego Superior Court, which was denied on January 27, 2010. (Id.) Petitioner subsequently filed a habeas corpus petition with the California Court of Appeal, which was denied on November 6, 2011. (Id., Docket No. 28 at 5.) Petitioner then filed a habeas corpus petition with the California Supreme Court, which was denied on June 13, 2012. (Id.) 2 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA 1 appealability. {Id. Docket Nos. 34-35.) In its Order, this Court determined: (1) the trial 2 court had no duty to order a competency hearing; (2) the trial court did not err in denying 3 Petitioner’s motion to suppress un-Mirandized statements; (3) the trial court did not fail 4 to instruct the jury on competence and intent; and (4) Petitioner’s trial counsel did not 5 render ineffective assistance of counsel. {Id., Docket No. 34.) 6 On February 15,2016, Petitioner constructively filed this Petition attacking the 7 same 2009 judgment.2 In his Petition, Petitioner argues: (1) the San Diego Superior 8 Court Judge failed to submit a waiver in open court to transfer Petitioner’s case to East 9 County Court; (2) the Prosecutor failed to obtain a waiver from Petitioner after 10 transferring his case to East County Court; (3) the Court failed to arraign Petitioner 11 within 48 hours of arrest; and (4) Detective Garcia failed to inform San Diego County 12 Jail of Petitioner’s pending charges of robbery, resulting in a failure to rebook Petitioner 13 on the robbery charges. (Docket No. 1.) 14 On May 4, 2016, Respondent moved to dismiss the Petition on the grounds that it 15 was successive, and that Petitioner failed to obtain authorization to file it from the Ninth 16 Circuit. (Docket No. 8.) On August 3, 2016, Judge Adler issued the Report and 17 Recommendation, and ordered the parties to file their respective objections, if any, by 18 August 24, 2016. (Docket No. 14.) 19 On August 22,2016, Petitioner filed two motions, one to stay the case, and one for 20 an extension of time to file his objections. (Docket Nos. 17,19.) On August 30, 2016, 21 the Court granted Petitioner’s motion for an extension of time to file his objections, 22 extending his time to file to September 23, 2016. (Docket No. 20.) On September 23, 23 24 25 26 2 See Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 276 (1988) (“notice of appeal was filed at the time 27 petitioner delivered it to the prison authorities for forwarding to the court clerk”). Here, it appears Hernandez handed his Petition to prison authorities on February 15, 2016. 28 (Docket No. 1 at 52.) 3 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA 1 Petitioner filed a motion for an additional extension of time to file his objections. 2 (Docket No. 24.) 3 4 DISCUSSION I. Petitioner’s Motion for Stay of Judgment In Petitioner’s Motion for Stay of Judgment, he requests the Court delay its 5 6 judgment until he files an application for leave to file a second or successive petition 7 from the Ninth Circuit. (Docket No. 19.) He indicates he understands how to properly 8 file a second or successive petition, which is to get permission from the Ninth Circuit. 9 (Id.) 10 “[T]he power to stay proceedings is incidental to the power inherent in every court 11 to control the disposition of the causes on its docket with economy of time and effort for 12 itself, for counsel, and for litigants.” Landis v. N. Am. Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254 (1936). In 13 determining whether to grant a stay, a court considers: (1) “possible damage which may 14 result from the granting of a stay,” (2) “the hardship or inequity which a party may suffer 15 in being required to go forward,” and (3) “the orderly course of justice measured in terms 16 of the simplifying or complicating of issues, proof, and questions of law which could be 17 expected to result from a stay.” CMAX, Inc. v. Hall, 300 F.2d 265, 268 (9th Cir. 1962). 18 Petitioner’s Motion is solely based on his recent understanding of the need to 19 obtain permission from the Ninth Circuit in order to have filed his case in the first place. 20 Although his Motion does does not squarely address any of the three factors, the Court 21 has evaluated each of the factors. First, it does not appear Petitioner will suffer any 22 damages if the action is not stayed because he essentially admits that his lawsuit was 23 improperly filed and he must obtain leave from the Ninth Circuit to pursue it. (Docket 24 No. 19.) Second, for the same reason, it does not appear Petitioner will suffer any 25 hardship or inequity.3 The third factor is not relevant to the Court’s inquiry because the 26 27 28 3 In particular, there is no guarantee that Petitioner will obtain the Ninth Circuit’s permission to file his successive petition. 4 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA 1 only issue before this Court, i.e. whether the Petition should be dismissed as successive, 2 appears to have been admitted by Petitioner. {Id.) In sum, all three factors weigh against 3 favor of a stay. Because Petitioner has not established that any of the factors weight in favor of 4 5 staying the case, the Motion for Stay is DENIED. 6 II. Petitioner’s Motion for Second Extension of Time to File Objections 7 Petitioner filed a motion seeking an additional extension of time to file objections 8 to the Report and Recommendation on the grounds that the Salinas Valley State Prison, 9 where he is being housed, was under a “major lockdown” due to a prison racial riot. 10 (Docket. No. 24.) As a result, he was unable to use the prison’s law library to complete 11 his objections and file them in accordance with the Court’s extended deadline. {Id.) The 12 Court acknowledges Petitioner’s situation, but finds that in light of his apparent 13 admission that he needs to obtain the Ninth Circuit’s permission to proceed with his case 14 (docket no. 19.), an additional extension of time to file objections is not warranted. 15 Therefore, Petitioner’s Motion for Second Extension of Time is DENIED. 16 III. Judge Adler’s Report and Recommendation 17 A district judge “may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition” of a 18 magistrate judge on a dispositive matter. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3); see also 28 U.S.C. 19 § 636(b)(1). “[T]he district judge must determine de novo any part of the [report and 20 recommendation] that has been properly objected to.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3). 21 However, “[t]he statute makes it clear that the district judge must review the magistrate 22 judge’s findings and recommendations de novo if objection is made, but not otherwise.” 23 United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003) (en banc); see also 24 Wang v. Masaitis, 416 F.3d 992, 1000 n.13 (9th Cir. 2005). “Neither the Constitution nor 25 the statute requires a district judge to review, de novo, findings and recommendations 26 that the parties themselves accept as correct.” Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d at 1121. 27 28 Petitioner did not timely file any objections to Judge Adler’s Report, despite being granted an extension of time to file objections. (Docket Nos. 17, 20.) The Court need 5 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA 1 not conduct a de novo review given the absence of objections. However, the Court has 2 conducted a de novo review and fully ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation. 3 Under 28 U.S.C. § 2244, a court is not required to consider a writ of habeas corpus 4 when “it appears that the legality of such detention has been determined by a judge or 5 court of the United States on a prior application....” 28 U.S.C. § 2244. Petitioner 6 contends the instant Petition is not a second or successive petition because it raises “four 7 new claims,” meaning claims that were not raised in his previous petition. (Docket No. 8 11.) However, a claim presented in a second or successive petition that was not 9 presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless: 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 (A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or (B) (i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and (ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense. 19 20 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2). Petitioner does not allege any facts to establish his new Petition 21 satisfies the requirements of § 2244(b)(2). The Petition does not rely on a new rule of 22 constitutional law or contain any claims “that could not have been discovered previously 23 through the exercise of due diligence,” and does not contain facts that sufficiently 24 establish Petitioner’s innocence. Id. As Petitioner fails to prove the claims raised in this 25 second Petition could not have been raised in any prior petition, his second petition for 26 writ of habeas corpus should be considered successive and, therefore, dismissed. See Hill 27 v. Alaska, 297 F.3d 895, 898 (9th Cir. 2002). 28 Therefore, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is GRANTED. 6 3:16-CV-00470-BEN-JMA 1 2 CONCLUSION For the reasons stated above, Petitioner’s Motions to Stay and for a Second 3 Extension of Time are DENIED. Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is GRANTED and 4 Petitioner’s petition is DISMISSED. 5 The Court DENIES a certificate of appealability because the issues are not 6 debatable among jurists of reason and there are no questions adequate to deserve 7 encouragement. See Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327 (2003). The Clerk of Court 8 shall enter judgment DENYING the Petition. 9 IT IS SO ORDERED. 10 11 12 DATED: United States District Judge 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 7 3:16-cv-00470-BEN-JMA

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