Frieri v. Sysco Corporation et al

Filing 50

ORDER Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiff's #46 Ex Parte Application to Extend Deadlines to Complete Depositions and Motion for Class Certification Filing. Plaintiff's request to continue the discovery deadline to complete depositions is denied, except as to a second deposition of Mr. Petrossian and a 30(b)(6) representative of Sysco Corporation. Both of these depositions must be completed by 11/17/2017. Plaintiff's request to extend the deadline to file the motion for class certification is granted in part, and must be filed by 12/1/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge Nita L. Stormes on 11/9/2017. (mpl) (jao).

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 12 RICK FRIERI, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated, and on behalf of the general public, 13 14 15 16 17 Case No.: 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART PLAINTIFF’S EX PARTE APPLICATION TO EXTEND DEADLINES TO COMPLETE DEPOSITIONS AND MOTION FOR CLASS CERTIFICATION FILING Plaintiff, v. SYSCO CORPORATION; SYSCO SAN DIEGO, INC.; AND DOES 1-100, Defendants. (ECF No. 46) 18 19 Before the Court is Plaintiff’s ex parte application to extend the deadline to 20 complete depositions and the deadline for filing Plaintiff’s motion for class certification. 21 ECF No. 46. Plaintiff argues that a sixty day extension of deadlines is warranted and 22 supported by good cause based largely on two factors (1) delayed email production and 23 (2) instructions not to answer regarding certain topics at a deposition of the 30(b)(6) 24 representative for Sysco San Diego. Id at 7-9. Defendant opposes the application. ECF 25 No. 47. Defendants argue a sixty day extension as disproportionate and unwarranted 26 based upon (1) the recent production of the remaining emails and (2) Plaintiff’s lack of 27 diligence in the pursuit of discovery. Id. As discussed, the Court will GRANT IN 28 PART and DENY IN PART Plaintiff’s application. 1 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS 1 2 I. Relevant Procedural Background Due to the number of prior requests for extension and discovery disputes raised by 3 the parties, a brief review of the procedural background of this case is appropriate. This 4 case was originally filed in Superior Court and removed on June 9, 2016. ECF No. 1. 5 Following a motion to dismiss that was granted in part and denied in part, the operative 6 amended complaint was filed on December 21, 2016. ECF No. 15. Following an answer 7 and Early Neutral Evaluation, on February 2, 2017 the Court issued a Scheduling Order 8 setting the original close of class discovery for July 12, 2017, providing five months for 9 class discovery; and a deadline for Plaintiff’s to file their motion for class certification for 10 11 August 7, 2017, six months out. ECF No. 20. Near the close of initial fact discovery period, on June 28, 2017, Plaintiff requested 12 a continuance of the discovery and motion filing deadlines. ECF No. 25. The Court 13 granted an extension of 90 days, to October 13 and November 10, 2017, based in part on 14 the parties representations that discovery was ongoing, a pending discovery dispute and 15 the likelihood of a second dispute, for which the Court also granted an extension of time 16 to file. ECF Nos. 30, 31. This extension brought the total time allotted for class 17 discovery to eight months, and provided nine months for Plaintiff to file a motion for 18 class certification. 19 The parties continued to have various discovery disputes which the Court 20 adjudicated. ECF Nos. 32, 34. In September, Plaintiff again moved for an extension of 21 90 days to the discovery and motion filing deadlines. ECF No. 35. The Court denied 22 without prejudice Plaintiff’s request, due in part to the ongoing nature of document 23 production, and issued an order to show cause as to why documents were not timely 24 produced. ECF No. 38. In subsequent reports, the Defendants represented they 25 anticipated production to be complete by October 23, 2017. ECF No. 45. 26 On October 6, one week prior to the close of fact discovery, the parties jointly 27 sought leave to continue the “the current deadline for the parties to complete class 28 discovery as it related to only to depositions….” ECF No. 41 at 2:6. The parties 2 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS 1 identified three depositions and four dates (plaintiff’s deposition to occur over two days) 2 and did not request any modification of the class certification deadline. Id. The Court 3 granted leave to complete only those three depositions beyond the discovery cut-off date, 4 all of which were to be complete by November 7, 2017. ECF No. 42. 5 II. Ex Parte Application to Extend Deadline to Complete Depositions and Motion 6 for Class Certification 7 The Plaintiff now moves for an extension of time, 60 days, to complete depositions 8 and move to certify a class. ECF No. 46. Plaintiff represents that, as of the time of filing, 9 no further emails/document production had been produced and the parties disagreed upon 10 the re-production for deposition of the 30(b)(6) representative. Id. at 2, 7-8. Plaintiff 11 asserts that as of October 31, defense counsel represented that review of the emails 12 remained ongoing, and that it was unclear if additional emails would be produced in 13 response to Requests for Production, Set 4 propounded by Plaintiff. Id. at 5. Plaintiff 14 also takes issue with instructions given at deposition to the representative of Sysco San 15 Diego “relating to the size and scope of the class, which is inclusive of non-exempt 16 industrial workers….” Id. Plaintiff avers the parties have been “actively meeting and 17 conferring over reproducing Defendant Sysco San Diego, Inc.’s 30(b)(6) representative” 18 but there is a “fundamental disagreement” on the extent of the questioning to be allowed 19 and that the parties are in the midst of drafting Discovery Dispute No. 3. Id. at 6. 20 Plaintiff also seeks permission to conduct additional depositions. See ECF No. 46 at 9 21 (“Plaintiff may also wish to pursue depositions from witnesses identified for the first time 22 through Plaintiff’s questioning”). 23 Defendants’ opposition paints a somewhat different picture. Defendants do admit 24 that production of emails was not completed until November 3 (the same date that 25 Plaintiff filed his ex parte application), and total 346 pages. ECF No. 47 at 1, 6. 26 However, Defendants argue that Plaintiff failed to, and continues to fail to, exercise 27 diligence in discovery. Id. Defendants explain that Plaintiff cancelled the deposition of 28 Sysco Corporation’s 30(b)(6) witness—previously agreed upon and for which the parties 3 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS 1 sought and were granted leave of court to conduct beyond the discovery cut off—due to 2 unspecified “scheduling conflicts.” Id. at 2, 4; ECF No. 42. Defendants also explain that 3 the questions which Mr. Petrossian, Sysco San Diego’s 30(b)(6) witness, were instructed 4 not to answer were beyond the scope of the topics identified in Plaintiff’s deposition 5 notice and regarding “non-driver” employees, which Defendants argue are not part of the 6 class. ECF No. 47 at 2. Nonetheless, Defendants agreed to re-produce Mr. Petrossian on 7 November 2, a date when the parties were already scheduled to be together for Plaintiff’s 8 deposition. Id. at 3. Plaintiff declined. Id. Defendants indicate there has been no 9 response to requests for the next available date to conduct the continued deposition in 10 person or via phone or video conference. Id. at 4. 11 III. 12 Discussion A party seeking to extend time, either under Rule 6(b) or by seeking to modify the 13 scheduling order under Rule 16(b), must demonstrate good cause. Fed. R. Civ. P 6(b) 14 (“When an act may or must be done within a specified time, the court may, for good 15 cause, extend the time”); 16(b)(4) (“A schedule may be modified only for good cause and 16 with the judge’s consent.”). 17 “Good cause” is a non-rigorous standard that has been construed broadly across 18 procedural and statutory contexts. Ahanchian v. Xenon Pictures, Inc., 624 F.3d 1253, 19 1259 (9th Cir. 2010). The good cause standard articulated in Rule 16 focuses on the 20 diligence of the party seeking to amend the scheduling order, and the reasons for seeking 21 modification. Johnson v. Mammoth Recreations, Inc. 975 F.2d 604, 609 (9th Cir. 1992) 22 (“[T]he focus of the inquiry is upon the moving party's reasons for seeking modification. 23 ... If that party was not diligent, the inquiry should end.”) (citing Gestetner Corp. v. Case 24 Equip. Co., 108 F.R.D. 138, 141 (D.Me.1985)). The district court may amend the 25 scheduling order if it “cannot be met despite the diligence of the party seeking the 26 extension.” Id. (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 16 Advisory Committee Notes). 27 /// 28 /// 4 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS 1 A. Deposition Deadline 2 Plaintiff seeks to extend the deposition deadline by 60 days. Plaintiff proffers 3 there is good cause based upon the instruction for Defendant’s witness not to answer 4 questions “relating to the size and scope of the class” and “Defendant Sysco 5 Corporation’s involvement in controlling the wages, hours, and working conditions of 6 Sysco San Diego, Inc.” ECF No. 46 at 8. Plaintiff’s application is silent as to the 7 cancellation of the deposition of the Sysco Corporation deponent, and implicitly seeks to 8 re-open discovery to take additional depositions. Id. at 9. 9 The Court first notes that class discovery is closed. ECF No. 30 (Discovery Cut 10 Off of October 13). After multiple discovery disputes, an extension of time, and several 11 additional requests for extension, the parties were granted leave of the discovery deadline 12 to conduct “depositions only” on “the dates as represented by the parties, up to and 13 including November 7, 2017.” ECF No. 42. This leave was limited to the three 14 depositions identified by the parties and did not alter the fact that discovery was closed. 15 The Court will not grant leave to conduct depositions of “witnesses identified for the first 16 time through Plaintiff’s questioning.” ECF No. 46 at 9. Plaintiff’s failure to conduct 17 depositions sufficient to identify additional parties within the extended discovery period 18 does not present good cause or diligence. Plaintiff’s ex parte application to extend the 19 deposition deadline in this regard is DENIED. 20 As to the continued deposition of Mr. Petrossian, the 30(b)(6) deponent for Sysco 21 San Diego, Inc., the parties filed a Joint Motion for Determination of Discovery Dispute 22 No. 3 regarding the deposition questioning. ECF No. 48. The Court will review and 23 address that Joint Motion separately to address the scope of deposition questioning as to 24 Mr. Petrossian. Plaintiff’s request to for leave to conduct a further deposition of Mr. 25 Petrossian and the 30(b)(6) representative of Sysco Corporation is GRANTED IN 26 PART. Plaintiff must complete these two depositions by November 17, 2017, and Mr. 27 Petrossian’s deposition is limited to no more than 2 hours of on the record testimony. 28 /// 5 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS 1 B. Motion to File Class Certification Deadline 2 Plaintiff proffers that a combination of the delayed email production and 3 instructions not to answer in deposition present good cause to extend the motion deadline 4 for class certification. The Court disagrees. Discovery is closed. Plaintiff may not re- 5 open discovery at this juncture to seek discovery to expand the class to include persons 6 never before identified as relevant or in contention. Plaintiff’s late attempt at expansion 7 does not present good cause to extend the motion filing deadline. Similarly, the emails at 8 issue in the discovery disputes before the Court are largely directed at merits discovery 9 and thus, are unlikely to have bearing on the Plaintiff’s ability to move to certify a class, 10 i.e., to demonstrate numerousity, commonality, and typicality of claims, an adequate 11 representative, predominance, and superiority. Fed. R. Civ. P. 23. Defendant has had 12 nine months to prepare its motion, the Court believes this is more than adequate. 13 Nonetheless, in light of the late nature of this request, the thanksgiving holiday, and 14 because the motion would otherwise be due within one business days of this order, the 15 Court will grant some limited relief. Plaintiff’s motion to extend the class certification 16 deadline is GRANTED IN PART. Plaintiff’s motion must be filed by December 1, 17 2017. 18 C. Other Issues Raised 19 Defendants were initially ordered to produce documents by September 1. In 20 response to an order to show cause and subsequent order to submit a joint status report 21 regarding the email production, Defendants represented that production would be 22 complete by October 23. ECF No. 45. Defendants now state that production is 23 “complete” as of November 3, 2017 – but simultaneously seek clarification as to the 24 custodians to which Requests 48 and 49 are applicable. ECF No. 47. 25 Defendants represent the parties met and conferred, and agreed to limit the list of 26 custodians whose mailboxes were collected. ECF No. 47 at 7. Defendants counsel 27 proposed limiting production to only two custodians most likely to have information on 28 the day-to-day operations. Id. There is no indication that Plaintiff responded, either to 6 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS 1 accept or to object that additional directors and officers should be added to the list. It 2 appears that collection of emails from the identified custodians, review, and production is 3 now otherwise complete. Plaintiff’s failure to object to the custodians identified prior to 4 collection and review, coupled with the time, costs, and Defendant’s representation that 5 other custodians are unlikely to have responsive information make further collection, 6 review, and production disproportionate to the needs of the case. 7 IV. 8 9 Conclusion Plaintiff’s request to continue the discovery deadline to complete depositions is DENIED, except as to a second deposition of Mr. Petrossian and a 30(b)(6) 10 representative of Sysco Corporation. Both of these depositions must be completed by 11 November 17, 2017. Plaintiff’s request to extend the deadline to file the motion for 12 class certification is GRANTED IN PART, and must be filed by December 1, 2017. 13 14 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: November 9, 2017 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 7 3:16-cv-01432-JLS-NLS

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