Santana v. United States of America et al
ORDER Denying 6 Motion to Strike. The court notes that there is no prejudice in allowing discovery to proceed. Signed by Judge Jeffrey T. Miller on 7/12/2017. (rlu)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ELENA ALFONSO SANTANA,
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CASE NO. 17cv0386 JM(NLS)
Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(f), Defendant the United States of America
(“Defendant”) moves to strike the second claim for Failure to Inform as redundant to
the claim for Medical Negligence. Plaintiff Elena Alfonso Santana opposes the motion.
Pursuant to L.R. 7.1(d)(1), the court finds the matters submitted appropriate for decision
without oral arguments. For the reasons set forth below, the court denies the motion to
On February 24, 2017, Plaintiff commenced this Federal Tort Claims Act
(“FTCA”) case by filing a complaint alleging two claims for Medical Negligence and
Failure to Inform. Plaintiff seeks damages for Defendant’s alleged “failure to diagnose
and treat Plaintiff’s lung cancer due to the medical negligence of employees or qualified
contractors of the North County Health Project, Inc.” (Compl. ¶5).
On January 13, 2014, Plaintiff was referred to a pulmonologist “for diagnostic
testing of a known lung mass.” (Compl. ¶12). Following a fine needle aspiration and
1 biopsy, Plaintiff was informed that the pathology results were negative for carcinoma.
2 However, Plaintiff was not informed that the “biopsy was actually positive for
3 adenocarcinoma of the lung.” (Compl. ¶13). As a result of “not being aware of the
4 cancer, and therefore delaying treatment for same,  the cancer metastasiz[ed].” Id.
5 The alleged failure to inform Plaintiff of the cancer diagnosis shortened Plaintiff’s life
6 expectancy and caused her severe and serious injury. (Compl. ¶14).
A party may move to strike any “insufficient defense or any redundant,
9 immaterial, impertinent or scandalous matter.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(f). In general, motions
10 to strike are disfavored because of the potential for delay and the preference for
11 resolving matters on the merits. When doubt exists as to the relevance of challenged
12 allegations, courts err on the side of permitting the allegations to stand, particularly
13 where no prejudice is demonstrated. See Dah Chong Hong, Ltd. v. Silk Greenhouse,
14 719 F.Supp. 1072, 1073 (M.D. Fl. 1989).
Defendant argues that the Failure to Inform claim is impermissibly redundant to
16 the Medical Negligence claim because both claims are premised on Defendant’s alleged
17 failure to inform Plaintiff that she suffered from adenocarcinoma of the lung. (Compl.
18 ¶¶13, 19). While there is substantial support for Defendant’s argument, the court
19 declines to grant the motion because the case is in its infancy, discovery has yet to
20 commence, and the preference is to resolve matters on the merits. Furthermore, in light
21 of Defendant’s argument that the two claims are really a single claim for Medical
22 Negligence, the court notes that there is no prejudice in allowing discovery to proceed.
In sum, the court denies the motion to strike.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
25 DATED: July 12, 2017
JEFFREY T. MILLER
United States District Judge
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