Tungsten Heavy Powder and Parts, Inc. v. Khem Precision Machining, LLC
ORDER granting 5 Plaintiff's Tungsten Heavy Powder and Paris, Inc.'s ex arte application for expedited discovery. Signed by Magistrate Judge William V. Gallo on 11/14/2017. (jpp)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
TUNGSTEN HEAVY POWDER AND
11 PARTS, INC.,
14 KHEM PRECISION MACHINING,
Case No. 17-CV-1882-JAH(WVG)
ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF
TUNGSTEN HEAVY POWDER
AND PARTS, INC.’S EX PARTE
APPLICATION FOR EXPEDITED
[ECF No. 5.]
Pursuant to Rule 26(d), plaintiff Tungsten Heavy Powder and Parts, Inc.
18 (“Tungsten”) applies ex parte for an Order permitting limited expedited discovery.
19 (ECF No. 5.) An untimely opposition was filed on November 10, 2017. (ECF No. 8.)1
20 Having reviewed the papers and arguments therein, Tungsten’s Application is
Defendant’s motion to shorten time to file the untimely opposition is GRANTED.
(ECF No. 8.) Although defense counsel did not make his appearance in this case until
after the ex parte motion was filed, Plaintiff mail-served the motion on defense
counsel upon filing. Although mailing time would not have allowed Defendant
sufficient time to receive the motion and prepare a response, the Court notes it took
Defendant more than two weeks to do so. Nonetheless, the Court gives Defendant the
benefit of the doubt in this instance. In the future, however, the Court will expect strict
compliance with all deadlines.
In July 2015, defendant Khem Precisions Machining, LLC (“Khem”), a
3 machining company in Richmond, Virginia, ordered a large number of tungsten buffer
4 weights from Tungsten. (Sery Decl. ¶ 4, ECF No. 5-3.) Khem accepted the buffer
5 weights and ultimately used them to manufacture finished assemblies for its end
6 customer. (Id. at ¶ 6.) To date, Khem has allegedly refused to pay all amounts invoiced
7 for the buffer weights and threatened that it will sell or dispose of its assets to prevent
8 Tungsten from obtaining recovery through litigation. (Id. at ¶ 7-9.)
On September 14, 2017, Tungsten filed a Complaint and Summons against
10 Khem for breach of contract. (See ECF No. 1.) Tungsten believes Khem is actively
11 taking steps to dispose of assets to frustrate recovery in this action and requests
12 permission for expedited discovery to gather information necessary to decide whether
13 to seek preliminary injunctive relief. (Yun Decl. ¶ 5-6, ECF No. 5-4.)
On October 25, 2017, Tungsten filed a motion for expedited discovery
15 requesting: (1) Khem’s financial accounting records, including financial reports,
16 profit and loss statements, and balance sheets, since August 14, 2015; (2) all
17 documents related to any effort by Khem to obtain bankruptcy protection; (3) all
18 documents related to Khem’s efforts to sell, alienate, or otherwise dispose of any of
19 Khem’s assets; (4) copies of Khem’s document retention policy; and (5) the
20 deposition of a Khem designee sufficiently knowledgeable about topics related to (1)21 (4). (Ex. A to Appl. 7:3-13, 12:8-18, ECF No. 5-2.) Tungsten also seeks to depose a
22 person motion knowledgeable about these documents and topics.
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(d), discovery generally does not
25 commence until parties to an action meet and confer as prescribed by Federal Rule of
26 Civil Procedure 26(f), unless allowed by court order or agreement of the parties. A
27 court may permit early discovery if the requesting party demonstrates good cause.
28 Semitool, Inc. v. Tokyo Electron America, Inc., 208 F.R.D. 273, 276 (N.D. Cal. 2002).
1 “Good cause may be found where the need for expedited discovery, in consideration
2 of the administration of justice, outweighs the prejudice to the responding party.” Id.
3 In determining whether good cause justifies expedited discovery, courts commonly
4 consider the following factors: “(1) whether a preliminary injunction is pending;
5 (2) the breadth of the discovery requests; (3) the purpose for requesting the expedited
6 discovery; (4) the burden on the defendants to comply with the requests; and (5) how
7 far in advance of the typical discovery process the request was made.” Am. LegalNet.,
8 Inc. v. Davis, 673 F. Supp. 2d 1063, 1067 (C.D. Cal. 2009); Apple Inc. v. Samsung
9 Elecs. Co., Ltd., 768 F. Supp. 2d 1040, 1044 (N.D. Cal. 2011).
The Court finds that the balance of factors favors Tungsten. First, there is no
12 motion for preliminary injunction pending, which weighs against Tungsten. However,
13 Tungsten has a need to determine whether injunctive relief is necessary to ensure
14 Khem does not improperly dispose of its assets. See Interserve, Inc. v. Fusion Garage
15 PTE, Ltd., No. C09-5812-JQ(PVT), 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6395, at *7, 2010 WL
16 143665, at *2 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 7, 2010) (“Expedited discovery will allow plaintiff to
17 determine whether to seek an early injunction.”). Preliminary injunctions have been
18 granted in this District in such circumstances. See, e.g., Odyssey Reinsurance Co. v.
19 Nagby, No. 16-CV-3038-BTM(WVG), 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 165582, 2017 WL
20 4432453 (S.D. Cal. Oct. 4, 2017). Second, the discovery requested is limited to only
21 one deposition and information related to any efforts by Khem to dispose of assets.
22 Third, the deposition and documents sought are narrowly tailored to determining
23 whether Khem has or plans to dispose of assets to prevent any recovery in this
24 litigation. Fourth, the burden on Khem is relatively minimal. Tungsten requests a
25 single deposition and documents that are readily obtainable and, as Khem
26 acknowledges, would have to be produced in the normal course of the litigation. Any
27 burden on Khem is outweighed by the interests of justice. Fifth, discovery in the
28 normal course will commence in the next few months given that Khem has filed an
1 Answer and a combined Early Neutral Evaluation and Case Management Conference
2 has been scheduled. Thus, while the instant request for discovery is early, it is not
3 extraordinarily so. This factor favors neither party.
The Court disagrees Khem would be prejudiced by early discovery. As Khem
5 notes, the requested discovery is fair game and will come forth during the course of
6 discovery later in the case. Given this acknowledgement, it is unclear how Khem will
7 suffer prejudice if inevitable discovery is taken early. Khem certainly has not
8 specifically set forth how it would be prejudiced. The Court also disagrees that the
9 nature of Tungsten’s requests will open every case to expedited discovery motions.
10 What sets this case apart is the purported threat that Khem will take steps to thwart
11 Plaintiff’s efforts to collect money it is owed. Not every case involves such
12 circumstances. And although Khem characterizes this representation as a “bald
13 assertion,” it was made in a sworn declaration filed under the penalty of perjury and
14 Rule 11 sanctions. Such declarations have evidentiary value. Aside from calling this
15 representation a bald assertion, Khem has not countered it with a declaration or other
In sum, the Court finds Tungsten has shown good cause for early discovery.
18 The information sought through the proposed deposition and document production is
19 relevant as to any future request for preliminary injunctive relief and is likely to assist
20 the Court in proceeding with the litigation. However, the Court finds the deposition
21 should be limited in duration. The Court determines that four hours should be
22 sufficient for Tungsten to inquire about any efforts by Khem to dispose of assets.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the parties comply with the following
25 expedited discovery:
Defendant Khem is ordered to produce a witness to testify on its behalf
27 pursuant to Rule 30(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure on the topics
1 identified in Exhibit A to Tungsten’s Ex Parte Application within three weeks of the
2 date of this Order. Deposition shall be limited to four hours.
Khem is ordered to produce documents responsive to the categories set
4 forth in Exhibit A to the Ex Parte Application for Limited Expedited Discovery
5 within two weeks of the date of this Order.
Nothing in this Order is intended to limit the scope of discovery taken
7 by Tungsten during the discovery period as set forth in a Scheduling Order to be
8 entered following the Rule 26 conference.
9 IT IS SO ORDERED.
10 DATED: November 14, 2017
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