King v. California

Filing 2

ORDER DISMISSING PETITION without Prejudice and with Leave to Amend. In order to have his case reopened, Petitioner must (1) either pay the filing fee or provide adequate proof of his inability to pay, and (2) file a First Amended Petition which name s a proper respondent, no later than 11/13/2022. Signed by Judge Michael M. Anello on 9/16/2022. (All non-registered users served via U.S. Mail Service and Petitioner mailed a blank First Amended Petition form and a blank In Forma Pauperis Application.) (tcf)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 12 13 14 15 SIMON J. KING, CDCR #AC2494, Case No.: 22-cv-1397-MMA (BLM) ORDER DISMISSING PETITION WITHOUT PREJUDICE AND WITH LEAVE TO AMEND Petitioner, v. CALIFORNIA, [Doc. No. 1] Respondent. 16 17 18 19 20 21 Simon J. King (“Petitioner”), a state prisoner proceeding pro se, filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (the “Petition”). See Doc No. 1. I. FAILURE TO SATISFY FILING FEE REQUIREMENT Petitioner has not paid the $5.00 filing fee and has not moved to proceed in forma 22 pauperis (“IFP”). This Court cannot proceed until Petitioner has either paid the filing fee 23 or qualified to proceed IFP. The Court therefore DISMISSES the case without 24 prejudice. See Rule 3(a), 28 U.S.C. foll. § 2254. If Petitioner wishes to proceed with this 25 case, he must, no later than November 13, 2022, either pay the $5.00 fee or submit 26 adequate proof of his inability to pay the fee. 27 28 II. FAILURE TO NAME A PROPER RESPONDENT Review of the Petition also reveals that Petitioner has failed to name a proper -1- 22-cv-1397-MMA (BLM) 1 respondent. On federal habeas, a state prisoner must name the state officer having 2 custody of him as the respondent. Ortiz-Sandoval v. Gomez, 81 F.3d 891, 894 (9th Cir. 3 1996) (citing Rule 2(a), 28 U.S.C. foll. § 2254). Federal courts lack personal jurisdiction 4 when a habeas petition fails to name a proper respondent. See id. 5 The warden is the typical respondent. However, “the rules following section 2254 6 do not specify the warden.” Id. “[T]he ‘state officer having custody’ may be ‘either the 7 warden of the institution in which the petitioner is incarcerated . . . or the chief officer in 8 charge of state penal institutions.’” Id. (quoting Rule 2(a), 28 U.S.C. foll. § 2254 9 advisory committee’s note). If “a petitioner is in custody due to the state action he is 10 challenging, ‘[t]he named respondent shall be the state officer who has official custody of 11 the petitioner (for example, the warden of the prison).’” Id. (quoting Rule 2, 28 U.S.C. 12 foll. § 2254 advisory committee’s note). 13 A long-standing rule in the Ninth Circuit holds “that a petitioner may not seek [a 14 writ of] habeas corpus against the State under . . . [whose] authority . . . the petitioner is 15 in custody. The actual person who is [the] custodian [of the petitioner] must be the 16 respondent.” Ashley v. Washington, 394 F.2d 125, 126 (9th Cir. 1968). This requirement 17 exists because a writ of habeas corpus acts upon the custodian of the state prisoner, the 18 person who will produce “the body” if directed to do so by the Court. “Both the warden 19 of a California prison and the Director of Corrections for California have the power to 20 produce the prisoner.” Ortiz-Sandoval, 81 F.3d at 895. 21 Here, Petitioner has incorrectly named the state of California as Respondent. In 22 order for this Court to entertain the Petition filed in this action, Petitioner must name the 23 warden in charge of the state correctional facility in which Petitioner is presently 24 confined or the Secretary of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. 25 Brittingham v. United States, 982 F.2d 378, 379 (9th Cir. 1992) (per curiam). 26 27 28 III. CONCLUSION Based on the foregoing, the Court DISMISSES this action without prejudice and with leave to amend because Petitioner has failed to satisfy the filing fee requirement and -2- 22-cv-1397-MMA (BLM) 1 failed to name a proper respondent. In order to have his case reopened, Petitioner must 2 (1) either pay the filing fee or provide adequate proof of his inability to pay, and (2) file a 3 First Amended Petition which names a proper respondent, no later than November 13, 4 2022. The Court DIRECTS the Clerk of Court to send Petitioner, along with this Order, 5 a blank First Amended Petition form and a blank In Forma Pauperis Application. 6 7 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: September 16, 2022 8 _____________________________ 9 HON. MICHAEL M. ANELLO United States District Judge 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -3- 22-cv-1397-MMA (BLM)

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