Antelope v. Bureau of Prisons et al
ORDER granting 70 Defendants Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order. Discovery is stayed pending resolution of both Motions to Dismiss filed by Defendants.Signed by Magistrate Judge Michael E. Hegarty on 01/27/2009.(sah, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO Civil Action No. 08-cv-00649-LTB-MEH DAVID EARL ANTELOPE, Plaintiff, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS, J.M. WILNER, DR. POLLAND, DR. KELLAR, and SUSAN BONFIGLIO, Defendants. ______________________________________________________________________________ ORDER ON DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO STAY DISCOVERY AND FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER ______________________________________________________________________________ Pending before the Court is Defendants' Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order [filed December 29, 2008; docket #70]. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A) and D.C. Colo. LCivR 72.1C, the Motion has been referred to this Court. The matter is fully briefed, and oral argument would not materially assist the Court in its adjudication. For the reasons set forth below, the Court ORDERS that Defendants' Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order is granted. I. Background Plaintiff is a federal prisoner incarcerated at Florence Federal Correctional Institution. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 and Bivens,1 Plaintiff filed his initial complaint on March 31, 2008, against the Federal Bureau of Prisons ("BOP"), Dr. Kellar, Dr. Polland, and Susan Bonfiglio.
See Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388
(Docket #3-2.) Plaintiff characterizes Dr. Kellar, Dr. Polland, and Susan Bonfiglio as "medical provider[s]," who provide medical care at the prison. (Docket #34 at 3.) Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint on August 26, 2008, which was accepted by the Court on September 2, 2008. (Dockets #34, 36.) In his Amended Complaint, Plaintiff named the United States of America, and J. M. Wilner, Warden of the Florence Federal Correctional Institution, as additional defendants. (Docket #34 at 2.) Plaintiff alleges the defendants "willfully failed to provide" care and treatment for his "life threatening mental illness." (Id. at 3.) Construing the Amended Complaint liberally, the Court infers three claims presented by Plaintiff: 1) Defendants failed to provide Plaintiff with care and treatment other than prescribing medications to treat Plaintiff's mental illness in violation of the Federal Tort Claims Act and the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment; 2) Defendants violated 18 U.S.C. §§ 4241-47 by not recognizing, examining, and treating Plaintiff's "severe" mental illness; and 3) Defendants violated 18 U.S.C. § 3621(b) by not transferring Plaintiff from Florence Federal Correctional Institution to a mental health facility. (Id. at 4-6.) As relief, Plaintiff requests mental health care and treatment needed "to stabilize his condition," transfer to a BOP facility "properly equiped (sic) and staffed to treat the plaintiff's existing infirmatives (sic)," and money damages including costs and fees related to his action. (Id. at 9.) Defendants the United States, the BOP, and Dr. Kellar filed their Motion to Dismiss on September 10, 2008. (Docket #39.) In their Motion, these Defendants assert Plaintiff fails to state a claim of deliberate indifference, fails to state a claim based on any statutory provision, and in any event, Dr. Kellar is protected by qualified immunity. Defendants the United States, the BOP, and Dr. Kellar then filed a Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order on September 17, 2008,
which the Court granted as to Dr. Kellar and denied as to the remaining defendants. (Docket #41, 59.) After service was completed on Defendants Wilner, Bonfiglio, and Polland, these Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss and a Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order on December 29, 2008. (Dockets #69-70.) These Motions reiterate many of the same arguments presented in the other three Defendants' Motion to Stay and Motion to Dismiss. This order addresses Defendants Wilner, Bonfiglio, and Polland's Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order, which asserts discovery in this matter should be stayed because the Motion to Dismiss is based in part on qualified immunity and if granted, would dispose of Plaintiff's entire action. (Docket #70 at 1.) II. Discussion The decision to issue a protective order and thereby stay discovery rests within the sound discretion of the trial court. Wang v. Hsu, 919 F.2d 130, 130 (10th Cir. 1990). Such protection is warranted, upon a showing of good cause, to "protect a party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense." Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c). Here, Defendants seek protection from significant discovery until a ruling is issued on their pending Motion to Dismiss. A stay of all discovery is generally disfavored in this District. Chavez v. Youn Am. Ins. Co., No. 06-2419, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15054 (D. Colo. Mar. 2, 2007). Nevertheless, a stay may be appropriate if "resolution of a preliminary motion may dispose of the entire action." Nankivil v. Lockheed Martin Corp., 216 F.R.D. 689, 692 (M.D. Fla. 2003). The following five factors guide the Court's determination: (1) plaintiff's interests in proceeding expeditiously with the civil action and the potential prejudice to plaintiff of a delay; (2) the burden on the defendants; (3) the convenience to the court; (4) the interests of persons not parties to the civil litigation; and (5) the public interest. 3
String Cheese Incident, LLC v. Stylus Shows, Inc., No. 02-1934, 2006 WL 894955 at *2 (D. Colo. Mar. 30, 2006); see also Golden Quality Ice Cream Co. v. Deerfield Speciality Papers, Inc., 87 F.R.D. 53, 56 (E.D. Pa. 1980). In weighing the factors set forth for determining the propriety of a stay, the Court finds that a stay is appropriate here. See String Cheese, 2006 WL 894955, at *2. The Court balances Plaintiff's desire to proceed expeditiously with his case against the burden on Defendants of going forward. Id. There can be no doubt that Plaintiff has an interest in proceeding expeditiously, but his interest is offset by Defendants' burden. Here, Defendants Wilner, Bonfiglio, and Polland filed a Motion to Dismiss the claims against them on jurisdictional grounds based upon qualified immunity, as well as failure to state an Eighth Amendment or other statutory claim. Courts have routinely held that discovery should be stayed while the issues related to jurisdiction are being resolved. See, e.g., Siegert v. Gilley, 500 U.S. 226, 231-32 (1991) (noting that immunity is a threshold issue and discovery should not be allowed while the issue is pending); Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 818 (1982) (same); Workman v. Jordan, 958 F.2d 332, 336 (10th Cir. 1992) (same); see also Behrens v. Pelletier, 516 U.S. 299, 308 & 310 (1996) (noting that discovery can be particularly disruptive when a dispositive motion regarding immunity is pending). Consistent with the Court's previous order regarding Defendant Kellar, the Court finds that the potential harm to Plaintiff is outweighed by the burden on the individually named Defendants resulting from conducting and responding to discovery while their Motion to Dismiss is pending. The remaining String Cheese factors (i.e., the Court's efficiency and interests of nonparties and the public in general) do not prompt a different result. See String Cheese, 2006 WL 894955, at *2. Considering judicial efficiency and economy and the burden of discovery on the four individual
defendants while the two potentially fully dispositive Motions to Dismiss are pending, the Court finds a complete stay to be appropriate at this stage of the litigation. III. Conclusion Accordingly, for the reasons stated above, it is hereby ORDERED that Defendants' Motion to Stay Discovery and for Protective Order [filed December 29, 2008; docket #70] is granted. Discovery is stayed pending resolution of both Motions to Dismiss filed by Defendants. The parties shall file a status report within three business days of receiving rulings on both of the Motions to Dismiss, indicating what changes in the Scheduling Order are needed. Dated at Denver, Colorado, this 27th day of January, 2009. BY THE COURT: s/ Michael E. Hegarty Michael E. Hegarty United States Magistrate Judge
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