Grenemyer v. McFadin et al
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO STAY ACTION: The Defendant's 6 Motion to Dismiss is DENIED IN PART insofar as the Court declines to dismiss this action, and GRANTED IN PART insofar as all proceedings in this action shall be STAYED pending resolution of the appeal pending before the Fifth Circuit and, if necessary, the Plaintiff's motion to transfer venue in the Texas action. Pending such action, the Clerk shall administratively close this case. Judge Marcia S. Krieger on 8/25/09.(msksec, ) Modified on 8/27/2009 to correct filed date (wjc, ).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO Honorable Marcia S. Krieger Civil Action No. 08-cv-02156-MSK-CBS CONNIE GRENEMYER Plaintiff, v. STACY L. McFADIN, and LAURIE D. McFADIN, d/b/a Two Bar West, Defendants. ______________________________________________________________________________ OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO STAY ACTION ______________________________________________________________________________ THIS MATTER comes before the Court pursuant to the Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, or in the alternative, to Stay (# 6), the Plaintiff's response (# 7, as supplemented # 8, 10), and the Defendants' reply (# 9, as supplemented # 11). The Plaintiff commenced this action in the Colorado District Court for Denver County on or about September 10, 2008. In the Complaint (# 2), the Plaintiff alleges that she is engaged in the business of wholesale sales of women's handbags and accessories to retailers. She works from a location in Denver, Colorado, and distributes products primarily to the Rocky Mountain states, although she has arranged sales in other locations as well. Beginning in 1995, the Plaintiff entered into an agreement with the Defendants, residents of Texas engaged in the manufacture of a particular brand of handbags, to sell the Defendants' bags. The parties' agreement soured in January 2008, and the Defendants terminated their agreement with the
Plaintiff. The Plaintiff contends that the Defendants owe her certain commissions and expenses earned and incurred during the life of the agreement that remain unpaid. The Complaint alleges 5 claims: (i) breach of contract; (ii) a "claim" for treble damages and attorney fees under C.R.S. § 12-66-103 (a provision allowing special remedies in actions by a wholesale sales representative to recover unpaid commissions from a manufacturer); (iii) promissory estoppel, arising out of the same failure to pay accrued commissions and expenses; (iv) unjust enrichment, arising out of the same facts; and (v) a claim entitled "special damages," in which the Plaintiff apparently seeks the costs of moving sample merchandise to a storage unit after the Defendants failed to reclaim them. The Defendants move (# 6) to dismiss this action, as approximately 40 days before the Plaintiff filed the instant Complaint here, the Defendants had initiated suit against the Plaintiff in the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas. In the Texas suit, the Defendants (there plaintiffs) alleged: (i) a variety of claims sounding in trademark and copyright infringement; (ii) a claim for breach of contract, in that the Plaintiff has failed to return the Defendants' sample merchandise in her possession; (iii) a claim for conversion arising out of the Plaintiff's retention of the sample merchandise; and (iv) a number of claims sounding in conspiracy, breach of fiduciary duty, and theft of the Defendants' trade secrets. The Defendants contend that under the "first to file rule," the court presiding over a later-filed action involving the same parties and issues should defer to the court presiding over the earlier-filed action. The Defendants argue that this deference should take the form of dismissal, or at the very minimum, a stay, of this action in favor of the Texas action. 2
In response (# 7), the Plaintiff noted that she had raised several jurisdictional and venue objections in the Texas case, and had filed this action in order to preserve her claims should the Texas suit be dismissed. She agreed in principle with the Defendants' invocation of the "first to file rule," but opposed outright dismissal of the claims here, arguing that the Texas suit was likely doomed. However, she agreed that a stay of this action pending the Texas court's adjudication of those jurisdiction issues was appropriate. On January 26, 2009, the Texas court granted the Plaintiff's motion to dismiss that suit, finding that Texas lacked personal jurisdiction over her.1 The Defendants promptly filed an appeal of that decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. According to the most recent status report (# 23) by the parties, the appeal has been fully briefed but has not yet been set for oral argument or decided. From the briefing, the Court understands that the parties are in agreement that the "first to file rule" exists in the 10th Circuit. See generally Mohr v. Margolis, Aisnworth & Kinlaw Consulting, 434 F.Supp.2d 1051, 1061 (D. Kan. 2006), citing Buzas Baseball Inc. v. Board of Regents, 1999 WL 682883 (10th Cir. Sept. 2, 1999) (unpublished); see also OpenLCR.com, Inc. v. Rates Technology, Inc., 112 F.Supp.2d 1223, 1231 (D. Colo. 2000). Moreover, the Court understands the Plaintiff to essentially concede that the cases here raise sufficiently similar substantive issues such that invocation of the rule would be appropriate, but for the jurisdictional
As a result of dismissing the claims against the Plaintiff on jurisdictional grounds, the Texas court did not reach the Plaintiff's alternative request to transfer venue of that claim to Colorado. 3
defects in the Texas action.2 Thus, this Court need only determine how to proceed in light of the pending appeal from the dismissal of the Texas case. The matter is a fairly simple one: if the Texas case is reinstated (and, presumably, the Texas court denies the Plaintiff's motion to transfer venue to Colorado), this Court would be inclined to grant the Defendants' motion and dismiss the claims here in deference to them being pursued in the Texas action. It does not appear that the Texas suit was brought in bad faith and the claims raised by the Plaintiff here fall squarely within the same core set of facts that underlie the Defendants' claims in the Texas suit. Thus, should the Fifth Circuit resurrect the Texas case, and should the Texas court ultimately determine that the case will proceed in that forum, this Court would grant the Defendants' motion and dismiss the claims herein, to be asserted as counterclaims in the Texas suit. On the other hand, if the Fifth Circuit affirms the Texas court, or if, upon reversal and remand, the Texas court decides to transfer venue of the case to Colorado, the Defendants' motion would thus be rendered moot. Thus, the Court concludes that outright dismissal of the claims would be improvident at this time, as would proceeding with this case while the Fifth Circuit considers the appeal of the Texas case. The appropriate course of action, then, is to grant the Defendants' motion in part, staying all proceedings in this case until the appeal is resolved. Moreover, if a reversal is
The Plaintiff's response to the Defendants' motion did not argue, for example, that the cases do not actually overlap, that their differences outweigh their similarities, or that the Defendants' proceeding in Texas is a sham proceeding brought solely to seize the temporal advantage. See e.g. OpenLCR.com, 112 F.Supp.2d at 1230-31. The Plaintiff makes a brief argument that she was not properly served with process in the Texas action until after she had commenced this suit, but cites no authority for the proposition that the date of effective service of process, rather than filing, is the date by which a case is deemed "earlier-filed" or "laterfiled." 4
granted, the stay shall remain in effect until the Texas court resolves (or expresses its intention not to consider) the Plaintiff's request for a transfer of venue. Because there will be no activity taking place in this action, the Court will instruct the Clerk to administratively close this case, allowing either party to move to reopen it upon the happening of the appropriate trigger event. For the foregoing reasons, the Defendants' Motion to Dismiss (# 6) is DENIED IN PART, insofar as the Court declines to dismiss this action, and GRANTED IN PART, insofar as all proceedings in this action shall be STAYED pending resolution of the appeal pending before the Fifth Circuit and, if necessary, the Plaintiff's motion to transfer venue in the Texas action. Pending such action, the Clerk of the Court shall administratively close this case. Dated this 25th day of August, 2009 BY THE COURT:
Marcia S. Krieger United States District Judge
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