Firth v. Shoemaker et al

Filing 33

REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION That 29 Plaintiff's MOTION for Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining Order be denied and that each party pay their own attorney fees and costs for this motion, by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Watanabe on 9/25/09. (gmssl, )

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO Civil Action No. SCOTT FIRTH, Plaintiff, v. JONI SHOEMAKER, et al., Defendant. RECOMMENDATION ON THE PRO SE INCARCERATED PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER (DOCKET NO. 29) Entered by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Watanabe This matter is before the court on the Pro Se Incarcerated Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining Order (docket no. 29). The court has reviewed the motion and the response (docket no. 32) thereto. In addition, the court has taken judicial notice of the court's file and has considered applicable Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and case law. The court now being fully informed makes the following finding of fact, conclusions of law and recommendation. 09-cv-00224-MSK-MJW 1 FINDING OF FACT AND CONCLUSIONS OF LAW The court finds: 1. That I have jurisdiction over the subject matter and over the parties to this lawsuit; 2. 3. That venue is proper in the state and District of Colorado; That each party has been given a fair and adequate opportunity to be heard; 4. That in the subject motion (docket no. 29), the Pro Se Incarcerated Plaintiff claims that on July 27, 2009, his status with the Sex Offender Treatment and Monitoring Program (SOTMP) was changed from being on "probation" to being on "notice". The Pro Se Incarcerated Plaintiff requests that his court issue a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction requiring that Defendants cease placing the Pro Se Incarcerated Plaintiff on either "probation" or "notice" status with the SOTMP. He further requests that the Defendants stop pressuring him into confessing violations of the Code of Penal Discipline or the sexual fantasies that he has had in the past; 5. That whether an injunction should issue is a matter committed to the sound discretion of the trial court. Prows v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, 981 F.2d 466, 468 (10th Cir. 1992), cert denied, 510 U.S. 830 (1993); 2 6. That according to the Tenth Circuit: A movant is entitled to a preliminary injunction if he can establish the following: (1) a substantial likelihood of success on the merits of the case; (2) irreparable injury to the movant if the preliminary injunction is denied; (3) the threatened injury to the movant outweighs the injury to the other party under the preliminary injunction; and, (4) the injunction is not adverse to the public interest. . . . Because "a preliminary injunction is an extraordinary remedy, the right to relief must be clear and unequivocal." . . . For some requested preliminary injunctions, a movant has an even heavier burden of showing that the four factors listed above weigh heavily and compellingly in movant's favor before such an injunction may be issued. . . . The heightened burden applies to preliminary injunctions that (1) disturb the status quo, (2) are mandatory as opposed to prohibitory, or (3) provide the movant substantially all the relief he may recover after a full trial on the merits. Kikumura v. Hurley, 242 F.3d 950, 955 (10th Cir. 2001); 7. That prison management functions should be left to the board discretion of prison administrators to enable them to manage prisons safely and effectively. Meachum v. Fano, 427 U.S. 215 (1976). Courts should grant injunctive relief involving the 3 management of prisons only under exceptional and compelling circumstances. Taylor v. Freeman, 34 F.3d 266, 269-70 & n.2 (4th Cir. 1994); Citizens Concerned for Separation of Church & State v. Denver, 628 F.2d 1289, 1299 (10th Cir. 1980); and, 8. That the Pro Se incarcerated Plaintiff has failed to show in his moving papers that he has a substantial likelihood of success on the merits and he has further failed to demonstrate in his moving papers that he will suffer irreparable injury. RECOMMENDATION WHEREFORE, based upon these finding of fact and conclusions of law this court RECOMMENDS: 1. That the Pro Se Incarcerated Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining Order (docket no. 29) be DENIED; 2. That each party pay their own attorney fees and costs for this motion. NOTICE: Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1)(C) and Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b), the parties have ten (10) days after service to serve and file written, specific objections to the above recommendation with the District Judge assigned to the case. The District Judge need not consider frivolous, conclusive, or general objections. A party's failure to file and serve such written specific objections 4 WILL PRECLUDE the party from a de novo determination by the District Judge, United States v. Raddatz, 447 U.S. 667, 676-83 (1980), and also WILL PRECLUDE appellate review of both factual and legal questions, Talley v. Hesse, 91 F.3d 1411, 1412-13 (10th Cir. 1996). Done this 25th day of September 2009. BY THE COURT S/ Michael J. Watanabe MICHAEL J. WATANABE U.S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE 5

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