Tejada v. Allstate Fire & Casualty Insurance Company
ORDER REMANDING CASE to the District Court, El Paso County, Colorado, forfurther proceedings. by Judge Christine M. Arguello on 9/10/09. (erv, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO Judge Christine M. Arguello Civil Action No. 09-cv-02096-CMA-MJW EMMA TEJADA, Plaintiff, v. ALLSTATE FIRE & CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY, Defendant. ORDER OF REMAND This matter is before the Court sua sponte. For the following reasons, the Court concludes that Defendant has not established subject matter jurisdiction. As such, the Court will REMAND this case to the District Court, El Paso County, Colorado, for further proceedings. This is a personal injury lawsuit. Plaintiff alleges that she suffered bodily injuries requiring medical care and incurred medical and related expenses as a result of a motor vehicle accident. Defendant insured the vehicle Plaintiff was driving when she got into the accident. Plaintiff filed her lawsuit in the District Court for El Paso County, Colorado, on August 12, 2009. Defendant filed a Notice of Removal on September 2, 2009. Defendant purports to remove the lawsuit to this Court under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, which provides for diversity jurisdiction.
Section 1332(a) sets forth two requirements for diversity jurisdiction. Those requirements are: (1) an "amount in controversy [that] exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs" and (2) diversity of citizenship between the parties. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). A removing defendant must "prove jurisdictional facts by a preponderance of the evidence." McPhail v. Deer & Co., 529 F.3d 947, 952-53 (10th Cir. 2008). Typically, a defendant can establish the amount in controversy by providing factual allegations in the notice of removal, or by citing to allegations in the complaint. Id. However, with regard to jurisdictional facts, McPhail noted that there is little evidence that a Defendant can present at the time of removal. Aside from the complaint and notice of removal, other potential sources of evidence include interrogatories obtained in state court before the notice of removal was filed, a proposed settlement amount, or affidavits. See id. at 956. Defendants often cite to the state court Civil Cover Sheet as evidence of the amount in controversy, as well. However, this Court has previously addressed the evidentiary value, or lack thereof, of the state court Civil Cover Sheet in Baker v. Sears Holding Corp., 557 F. Supp. 2d 1208 (D. Colo. 2007). Baker held that the Colorado Civil Cover Sheet, by itself, does not establish the requisite amount in controversy to sustain diversity jurisdiction. Id. In this case, Plaintiff has not identified a specific amount of damages and the Court cannot discern that the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000 from the factual allegations in the Complaint. Defendant also fails to provide allegations from which the
Court may determine that the amount in controversy requirement has been satisfied in the Notice of Removal. Likewise, Defendant has not presented any of the alternative sources of jurisdictional evidence described in McPhail. Rather, Defendant relies exclusively on the state court Civil Cover Sheet submitted with Plaintiff's state court Complaint to show that the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. However, under Baker, the Civil Cover Sheet is not enough. Thus, the Court concludes that Defendant's Notice of Removal does not establish the requisite jurisdictional amount by a preponderance of the evidence. Accordingly, This action is REMANDED to the District Court, El Paso County, Colorado, for further proceedings. DATED: September 10 , 2009 BY THE COURT:
_______________________________ CHRISTINE M. ARGUELLO United States District Judge
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