Hammett v. State Farm Automobile Insurance Company
ORDER REMANDING CASE TO STATE COURT: Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) and due to this Courts lack of subject-matter jurisdiction, this case is remanded to the District Court for Boulder County, Colorado, where it was originally filed as Case No. 09-CV-1033, by Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 10/29/09. (ebs, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO Judge Philip A. Brimmer Civil Action No. 09-cv-02509-PAB REBECCA HAMMETT, Plaintiff, v. STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE COMPANY, Defendant.
ORDER REMANDING CASE TO STATE COURT
This removed insurance case is before the Court on defendant State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company's notice of removal [Docket No. 1] and plaintiff Rebecca Hammett's motion to remand [Docket No. 3]. Because plaintiff has failed to comply with Local Rule 7.1A,1 her motion is denied without prejudice. See Practice Standards (Civil cases), Judge Philip A. Brimmer § III.B.1. However, in every case and at every stage of a proceeding, a federal court must satisfy itself as to its own jurisdiction, even if doing so requires sua sponte action. Citizens Concerned for Separation of Church & State v. City & County of Denver, 628 F.2d 1289, 1297, 1301 (10th Cir. 1980). Therefore, the Court takes up the question of
D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.1A states, in its entirety, "The court will not consider any motion, other than a motion under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12 or 56, unless counsel for the moving party or a pro se party, before filing the motion, has conferred or made reasonable, good-faith efforts to confer with opposing counsel or a pro se party to resolve the disputed matter. The moving party shall state in the motion, or in a certificate attached to the motion, the specific efforts to comply with this rule."
its subject-matter jurisdiction in this matter sua sponte on defendant's notice of removal. The notice of removal claims that the Court has jurisdiction over this case based on diversity of citizenship pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. See Def.'s Notice of Removal [Docket No. 1] ¶ 2. According to the only jurisdictional statement in the notice of removal, [t]he action is a civil action involving a claimed amount in controversy exceeding $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, between parties of diverse citizenship, and for which this Court has original jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C.S. § 1332. Plaintiff is a citizen of the State of Colorado, and Defendant is a citizen of the State of Illinois. No change of citizenship of the parties has occurred since the commencement of this action. Def.'s Notice of Removal ¶ 2. Generally, a party may remove "any civil action brought in a State court of which the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a) (2006). Relevant to the present case, "[t]he district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, and is between . . . citizens of different States . . . ." 28 U.S.C. 1332(a) (2006). It is well established that "[t]he party invoking federal jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing such jurisdiction as a threshold matter." Radil v. Sanborn W. Camps, Inc., 384 F.3d 1220, 1224 (10th Cir. 2004). Therefore, when a defendant removes a case from state court asserting the existence of diversity jurisdiction, the removing defendant has the burden of establishing that the jurisdictional prerequisites of § 1332 have been satisfied. Martin v. Franklin Capital Corp., 251 F.3d 1284, 1290 (10th Cir. 2001). Where uncertainties exist regarding the Court's jurisdiction, those 2
uncertainties are resolved in favor of remand. Martin, 251 F.3d at 1290; see also Laughlin v. Kmart Corp., 50 F.3d 871, 873 (10th Cir. 1995) ("[T]here is a presumption against removal jurisdiction."). If at any time, "a federal court determines that it is without subject matter jurisdiction, the court is powerless to continue." Cunningham v. BHP Petroleum Great Britain PLC, 427 F.3d 1238, 1245 (10th Cir. 2005). Where a case has been removed from state court and a court determines any time prior to final judgment that jurisdiction is lacking, 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) mandates that the case be remanded to state court. See McPhail v. Deere & Co., 529 F.3d 947, 951 (10th Cir. 2008). "Both the requisite amount in controversy and the existence of diversity must be affirmatively established on the face of either the petition or the removal notice." Laughlin, 50 F.3d at 873. For diversity purposes, "a corporation shall be deemed to be a citizen of any State by which it has been incorporated and of the State where it has its principal place of business." 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1) (2006); see Carden v. Arkoma Assocs., 494 U.S. 185, 196 (1990). Here, defendant avers only the conclusion that "Defendant is a citizen of the State of Illinois" without providing the necessary facts to support that conclusion, i.e., defendant's state of incorporation and principal place of business. Therefore, defendant has failed to sufficiently aver facts regarding its own citizenship and, by extension, has failed to affirmatively establish this court's jurisdiction. "The amount in controversy is ordinarily determined by the allegations of the complaint, or, where they are not dispositive, by the allegations in the notice of
removal." Martin, 251 F.3d at 1290 (quoting Laughlin v. Kmart Corp., 50 F.3d 871, 873 (10th Cir. 1995)). When the plaintiff's damages are unspecified, the defendant must establish the jurisdictional amount by a preponderance of the evidence. Martin, 251 F.3d at 1290. Here, the only specific dollar amount suggested by the complaint comes from the averment that "[p]laintiff, Rebecca Hammett, at all times relevant had an underinsured policy of insurance, policy no. D286226-E22-06H, with State Farm Mutual Automobile Company for an additional $50,000.00." Notice of Removal, ex. 2 (Compl.) ¶ 4. Because this statement fails to establish a sufficient amount in controversy, I look to the notice of removal to determine if defendant has "affirmatively established" the amount in controversy there. Laughlin, 50 F.3d at 873. However, the notice of removal contains no factual averments regarding the amount in controversy save for the bare assertion that "[t]he action is a civil action involving a claimed amount in controversy exceeding $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs." Removal, however, cannot be based on conclusory allegations. Allen v. R & H Oil & Gas Co., 63 F.3d 1326, 1335 (5th Cir. 1995). Defendant has attached the District Court Civil Cover Sheet to the Notice of Removal. Plaintiff filed the cover sheet when she initiated this action in state court. The cover sheet indicates plaintiff is "seeking a monetary judgment for more than $100,000 against another party . . . ." Notice of Removal, ex. 3. Not only is the Notice of Removal deficient for not referencing the cover sheet but, even if it did make such a reference, a civil cover sheet alone cannot affirmatively establish the amount in controversy. Baker v. Sears Holdings Corp., 557 F. Supp. 2d 1208, 1214 (D. Colo. 2007). 4
Therefore, it is ORDERED that pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) and due to this Court's lack of subject-matter jurisdiction, this case is REMANDED to the District Court for Boulder County, Colorado, where it was originally filed as Case No. 09-CV-1033.
DATED October 29, 2009. BY THE COURT:
s/Philip A. Brimmer PHILIP A. BRIMMER United States District Judge
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