Righthaven LLC v. Hwang et al
ORDER. This case is STAYED pending my resolution of the Motion to Dismiss in Civil Case Number 1:11-cv-00830, by Judge John L. Kane on 05/19/2011. (wjc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge John L. Kane
Civil Action No. 1:11-cv-00223-JLK
RIGHTHAVEN LLC, a Nevada Limited Liability Company
ANDY HWANG, an individual;
JAY DANIELS, an individual; and
THE FAT BRAT, an entity of unknown origin and nature,
Plaintiff Righthaven LLC (“Righthaven”) has filed fifty-seven cases in this district
alleging infringement of its copyright interest in a photograph depicting a Transportation
Security Administration Agent performing an enhanced pat-down search at Denver International
Airport (the “Work”). The Work was originally published in, and the copyright held by, The
Denver Post, but at some point following its original publication on November 18, 2010, an
interest in the copyright was transferred to Righthaven.
These cases are at various stages. Twenty-one have been voluntarily dismissed; one has
been settled and will be voluntarily dismissed on receipt of final payment; three are set for
scheduling conferences; motions to dismiss have been filed in seven; twenty-three are awaiting
answer; one is stayed incident to a party’s bankruptcy filing; and one is set for hearing on a
defendant’s motion for attorney fees. A recent filing in one of the cases has, however,
highlighted an issue common to all of the remaining cases – namely, whether I have subject
matter jurisdiction over Righthaven’s claims.
It is well settled that Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; I may only hear
those cases which have been entrusted to me under a jurisdictional grant by Congress. Henry v.
Office of Thrift Supervision, 43 F.3d 507, 511 (10th Cir. 1994) (citing Bender v. Williamsport
Area School Dist., 475 U.S. 534, 541 (1986) and United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (1974)).
Although Congress has entrusted federal courts with the statutory authority to entertain a claim
of copyright infringement, see 28 U.S.C. § 1331, 17 U.S.C. § 501, my exercise of jurisdiction
must also be constitutionally proper. Because Righthaven is the party seeking to invoke federal
jurisdiction, it bears the burden, when jurisdiction is challenged, of establishing it is both
statutorily and constitutionally proper as a matter of law.
Because there are serious questions as to whether my exercise of subject matter
jurisdiction over Righthaven’s claim of copyright infringement is proper, I think it most prudent
to stay the proceedings in all pending cases in this District in which Righthaven is the named
Plaintiff. See Landis v. North American Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254 (1936) (the power to stay
proceedings is inherent in the power “to control the disposition of the causes on [my] docket
with economy of time and effort for [my]self, for counsel, and for litigants” ). Should I find that
I lack subject matter jurisdiction over Righthaven’s claim of copyright infringement, it is likely
that I will be required to dismiss all pending actions. A stay will best conserve the parties’ and
the Court’s resources pending resolution of this fundamental inquiry. Accordingly, this case is
STAYED pending my resolution of the Motion to Dismiss in Civil Case Number 1:11-cv-00830.
Dated: May 19, 2011
BY THE COURT:
/s/ John L. Kane
Senior U.S. District Judge
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