Baldwin v. USA
ORDER denying 8 Defendant's Motion to Vacate Scheduling Conference and to Stay Discovery, by Magistrate Judge Kristen L. Mix on 11/1/2011.(wjc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 11-cv-02033-MSK-KLM
CHARLES A. BALDWIN,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
This matter is before the Court on Defendant United States’ Motion to Vacate
Scheduling Conference and to Stay Discovery [Docket No. 8; Filed October 31, 2011]
(the “Motion”). Defendant United States seeks a stay of discovery pending resolution of
its Motion to Dismiss [Docket No. 7; Filed October 31, 2011]. For the reasons set forth
below, the Court DENIES the Motion.1
Plaintiff, who is proceeding pro se, initiated this lawsuit on August 5, 2011, pursuant
to the Federal Tort Claims Act (“FTCA”). Compl., Docket No. 1. The facts of this case
arise from an incident between Plaintiff and law enforcement personnel on April 5, 2010.
Id. at 3. Plaintiff believes that the officer who arrested him, in conjunction with other police
officers, conspired to maliciously prosecute him in the corresponding criminal matter, Case
Pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.1C., a judicial officer may rule on a motion at anytime
after it is filed.
No. 10-po-01136-KMT. Id. at 6. Plaintiff has appealed the disposition of the criminal
matter to District Judge Philip A. Brimmer, in Case No. 11-cr-00018-PAB. Id. at 9. In the
case at hand, Plaintiff asserts eight torts within his claim against Defendant: assault,
battery, false imprisonment, abuse of process, malicious prosecution, intentional “and/or”
negligent infliction of emotional harm, and civil conspiracy. See id. at 9-12. Plaintiff
requests money damages and the expungement of his criminal record. Id. at 13.
Defendant United States responded to Plaintiff’s Complaint with the Motion to
Dismiss pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1) and (6), presently pending before the District
Judge. Docket No. 7. In its Motion to Dismiss, Defendant asks the Court to take judicial
notice of the findings of fact issued by Magistrate Judge Tafoya in the underlying criminal
matter. Id. at 3. Pursuant to the findings of fact, Defendant contends that Plaintiff fails to
state a claim upon which relief can be granted. See id. Although Defendant identifies Rule
12(b)(1) as a basis for dismissal, the Motion to Dismiss contains no further jurisdictional
analysis, other than a brief statement that the United States cannot be sued for civil
conspiracy because it is treated as a single individual in FTCA cases. Id. at 17.
In the Motion at issue, Defendant asks the Court to vacate the Scheduling
Conference and stay discovery in light of its assertion of sovereign immunity and in
consideration of the ongoing criminal proceeding before District Judge Brimmer. Docket
No. 8 at 1. Defendant represents that Plaintiff opposes the relief requested. Id. Defendant
relies on the United States Supreme Court’s jurisprudence regarding qualified immunity,
as well as the factors the Court may consider in evaluating whether to impose a stay,
articulated in String Cheese Incident, LLC v. Stylus Shows, Inc., No. 02-cv-01934-LTB-PA,
2006 WL 894955, at *2 (D. Colo. Mar. 30, 2006). Id. at 4. Defendant believes that the
String Cheese factors weigh in favor of imposing a stay. Id. at 5.
Stays are generally disfavored in this District. See Wason Ranch Corp. v. Hecla
Mining Co., No. 07-cv-00267-EWN-MEH, 2007 WL 1655362, at *1 (D. Colo. June 6, 2007)
(unpublished decision). However, a stay may be appropriate in certain circumstances, and
the Court weighs several factors in making a determination regarding the propriety of a
stay. See String Cheese Incident, LLC, 2006 WL 894955 at * 2 (denoting the five-part
test). The Court considers (1) the interest of Plaintiff; (2) the burden on Defendants in
going forward; (3) the Court’s convenience; (4) the interest of nonparties, and (5) the public
interest in general. Id. Here, although Defendant briefly mentions sovereign immunity in
its Motion to Dismiss (related to only one of the eight torts alleged by Plaintiff), the bulk of
Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is premised on Rule 12(b)(6). Without a more substantive
jurisdictional challenge to the lawsuit at hand, the Court declines to impose a stay of
discovery, in consideration of the above-stated factors.
The Court has generally found that with the passage of time, the memories of the
parties and other witnesses may fade, witnesses may relocate or become unavailable, or
documents may become lost or inadvertently destroyed. As such, delay may diminish
Plaintiff’s ability to proceed. By contrast, Defendant does not suggest any undue burden
in proceeding with the case. “The ordinary burdens associated with litigating a case do not
constitute undue burden.” Collins v. Ace Mortg. Funding, LLC, No. 08-cv-01709-REB-KLM,
2008 WL 4457850, at *1 (D. Colo. Oct. 1, 2008). Although Defendant filed a Motion to
Dismiss which may dispose of Plaintiff’s case (and which touches on sovereign immunity
in relation to one of Plaintiff’s eight asserted torts), the motion is in large part not based on
grounds typically warranting the imposition of a stay. For instance, while courts have
frequently imposed a stay when issues relating to jurisdiction or immunity have been raised,
motions relating to a failure to state a claim are not unique nor do they raise similar
concerns that the defendants are unnecessarily subject to litigation. Cf. Siegert v. Gilley,
500 U.S. 226, 231-32 (1991) (noting that immunity is a threshold issue and discovery
should not be allowed while the issue is pending); Gilbert v. Ferry, 401 F.3d 411, 415-16
(6th Cir. 2005) (finding stay permissible pending ruling on dispositive motion involving
jurisdictional issue). On balance, the Court finds that the consideration of these two factors
weighs against the imposition of a stay in this case.
The Court also considers its own convenience, the interest of nonparties, and the
public interest in general. None of these factors prompts the Court to reach a different
result. The Court is inconvenienced by an ill-advised stay because the delay in prosecuting
the case which results from imposition of a stay makes the Court’s docket less predictable
and, hence, less manageable. This is particularly true where there is a pending motion to
dismiss pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), for which ultimate success is not guaranteed.
While the Court identifies no particular interest of persons not parties in the litigation, the
Court identifies a strong interest held by the public in general regarding the prompt and
efficient handling of all litigation. Under these circumstances, the Court finds that a stay
of the case is not warranted.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendant’s Motion to Vacate Scheduling
Conference and to Stay Discovery [Docket No. 8; Filed October 31, 2011] is DENIED.
Dated: November 1, 2011 at Denver, Colorado.
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