Tivis v. Stock et al
ORDER. Plaintiff's 45 Letter to the Court, which the court construes to be a motion, is denied without prejudice. By Magistrate Judge Kathleen M. Tafoya on 4/3/12.(mnfsl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Magistrate Judge Kathleen M. Tafoya
Civil Action No. 11–cv–02050–PAB–KMT
MICHAEL KEITH TIVIS,
MS. JOANN STOCK (PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT), in both her official and individual
MR. KEVIN MILYARD (WARDEN), in both his official and individual capacities, and
MS BEVERLY DOWIS (MEDICAL ADMINISTRATOR), in both her official and individual
This matter is before the court on Plaintiff’s “Letter to the Court” (Doc. No. 45, filed
Mar. 12, 2012 [Mot.]), which the court construes to be a motion as, therein, Plaintiff requests
that the court issue an order requiring non-party Correctional Officer Bowyer “pay the ordered
20% a month” of Plaintiff’s filing fee (see id. at 2). Defendants filed their “Response to
Plaintiff’s Letter to the Court” on April 2, 2012. (Doc. No. 47, filed Apr. 4, 2012.) Although the
time for Plaintiff to file a reply has not yet passed, see D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.1C, the court notes
that it may rule on a motion at any time after it is filed, id.
Although it is not entirely clear, it appears that Plaintiff seeks a preliminary injunction,
pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65(a), requiring Correctional Officer Bowyer to pay
the remaining balance of Plaintiff’s filing fee. (See Mot. at 2.) Injunctive relief is a drastic
remedy and is granted only in cases where the right to relief is clearly established. Goldammer
v. Fay, 326 F.2d 268, 270 (10th Cir. 1964). The burden is on the movant to establish his right to
the relief requested. Penn v. San Juan Hosp., Inc., 528 F.2d 1181, 1185 (10th Cir. 1975). A
party seeking a preliminary injunction must meet the following four conditions:
(1) the movant will suffer irreparable harm unless the injunction issues; (2) there
is a substantial likelihood the movant ultimately will prevail on the merits; (3) the
threatened injury to the movant outweighs any harm the proposed injunction may
cause the opposing party; and (4) the injunction would not be contrary to the
ACLU v. Johnson, 194 F.3d 1149, 1155 (10th Cir. 1999). The moving party must found his
efforts on specific factual allegations, Longstreth v. Maynard, 961 F.2d 895, 902 (10th Cir.
1992), and his right to relief must be clear and unequivocal, Penn, 528 F.2d at 1185. Moreover,
Plaintiff appears to seeks a mandatory preliminary injunction—that is “one which requires the
nonmoving party to take affirmative action”—which “is an ‘extraordinary remedy’ and is
generally disfavored.” Little v. Jones, 607 F.3d 1245, 1251 (10th Cir. 2010). Finally, the court
notes that it has only limited authority to restrain non-parties like Correctional Officer Bowyer.
See Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(d)(2)(A)–(C) (An order granting an injunction may bind only the parties;
their “officers, agents, servants, employees and attorneys”; and “other persons who are in active
concert” with the parties or their officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys.); see also
Little, 607 F.3d at 1251 (affirming the denial of a motion for preliminary injunction where the
plaintiff had not “alleged that the defendants named in the complaint participated in the alleged
deprivations” nor alleged a “system-wide denial of [his] First Amendment rights.”)
Here, Plaintiff Motion does not address any of the four factors governing the propriety of
a preliminary injunction. Nor has Plaintiff addressed why a mandatory injunction is appropriate
in this case. Finally, Plaintiff’s Motion does not address whether it is consistent with Fed. R.
Civ. P. 65(d)(2) to issue an order enjoining Correctional Officer Bowyer, a non-party.
Therefore, it is impossible for the court to determine whether a preliminary injunction requiring
Correctional Officer Bowyer to pay Plaintiff’s filing fee would be appropriate in this case.
Therefore, for the foregoing reasons,
Plaintiff’s “Letter to the Court” (Doc. No. 45) is DENIED without prejudice.
Dated this 3rd day of April, 2012.
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