Small v. State of Colorado et al
ORDER to Dismiss in Part and to Draw Case to A District Judge and to a Magistrate Judge. Defendant Colorado Springs Police Department is dismissed as a party to this action. This case shall be drawn to a district judge and to a magistrate judge. By Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 1/24/2012. (sah, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 11-cv-02337-BNB
TYRON DUANTE SMALL,
THE COLORADO SPRINGS POLICE DEPARTMENT,
JOHN DOE DETECTIVE ONE, and
JOHN DOE OFFICER TWO,
ORDER TO DISMISS IN PART AND TO DRAW CASE
TO A DISTRICT JUDGE AND TO A MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Plaintiff, Tyron Duante Small, is in the custody of the Colorado Department of
Corrections and is incarcerated at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City,
Colorado. Mr. Small initiated this action by filing pro se a Complaint asserting a
deprivation of his constitutional rights pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1343 and 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983. He has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915 without payment of an initial partial filing fee.
On October 3, 2011, Magistrate Judge Boyd N. Boland determined that the
prisoner complaint was deficient because Plaintiff was suing improper parties and
because he failed to allege the personal participation of all named Defendants in the
alleged deprivation of his constitutional rights. Accordingly, Magistrate Judge Boland
directed Mr. Small to file an amended prisoner complaint within thirty days. After
receiving two extensions of time, Mr. Small submitted an amended complaint on
January 10, 2012.
The Court must construe the amended complaint liberally because Mr. Small is
not represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972);
Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). If the amended complaint
reasonably can be read “to state a valid claim on which the plaintiff could prevail, [the
Court] should do so despite the plaintiff’s failure to cite proper legal authority, his
confusion of various legal theories, his poor syntax and sentence construction, or his
unfamiliarity with pleading requirements.” Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. However, the Court
should not be an advocate for a pro se litigant. See id.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the Court is required to review the amended
complaint because Mr. Small is a prisoner and the Defendants are officers or
employees of a governmental entity. Pursuant to § 1915A(b)(1), the Court is required to
dismiss the complaint, or any portion of the complaint, that is frivolous. A legally
frivolous claim is one in which the plaintiff asserts the violation of a legal interest that
clearly does not exist or asserts facts that do not support an arguable claim. See
Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 324 (1989).
In the amended complaint, Mr. Small alleges that he was arrested in July of 2009
by Defendant John Doe Detective and John Doe Two Officer based on frivolous
allegations that Mr. Small committed a sexual assault. Mr. Small asserts that the
named Defendants failed to properly investigate the victim’s allegations and that a
thorough investigation would have revealed that the victim’s story was inconsistent. He
asserts that he was incarcerated in the El Paso County Jail from July of 2009 until May
of 2010, when he was acquitted of the sexual assault charges. He asserts claims for
false imprisonment and due process violations. As relief, he seeks damages.
However, the Court notes that Mr. Small may not sue the Colorado Springs
Police Department because the police department is not separate from the municipality
of El Paso County, Colorado, and, therefore is not a person subject to suit under
§ 1983. See Stump v. Gates, 777 F. Supp. 808, 814-16 (D. Colo. 1991), aff'd, 986 F.2d
1429 (10th Cir. 1993). A plaintiff seeking to hold a municipality or county liable for his
injuries under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 must show that a policy or custom exists and that there
is a direct causal link between the policy or custom and the injury alleged. City of
Canton, Ohio v. Harris, 489 U.S. 378, 385 (1989); Myers v. Oklahoma County Bd. of
County Comm'rs, 151 F.3d 1313, 1316-20 (10th Cir. 1998). Defendant El Paso County
cannot be held liable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 solely because its employees inflict injury
on a plaintiff. Monell v. New York City Dep’t of Social Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 694 (1978);
Hinton v. City of Elwood, Kan., 997 F.2d 774, 782 (10th Cir. 1993). Further, Mr. Small
cannot state a claim for relief under § 1983 merely by pointing to isolated incidents.
See Monell, 436 U.S. at 694. Mr. Small fails to allege that there is a direct causal link
between a policy or custom of El Paso County and his alleged injuries. See id.
Therefore, Defendant Colorado Springs Police Department is not a proper party to this
Upon completion of the Court’s review pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 8.2C, the
Court has determined that Mr. Small’s claims against Defendants John Doe Detective
One and John Doe Officer Two do not appear to be appropriate for summary dismissal
and that the case should be drawn to a district judge and to a magistrate judge. See
D.C.COLO.LCivR 8.2D. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Defendant Colorado Springs Police Department is dismissed as
a party to this action. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that this case shall be drawn to a district judge and to a
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 24th
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
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