Church et al v. Dana Kepner Company, Inc.
ORDER granting 42 Motion to Quash by Magistrate Judge Michael E. Hegarty on 10/31/12.(dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 11-cv-02632-CMA-MEH
BARBARA CHURCH, individually, and
BARBARA CHURCH, as Personal Representative of the Estate of William Church,
DANA KEPNER COMPANY, INC.,
ORDER ON MOTION TO QUASH
Michael E. Hegarty, United States Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiffs’ Motion to Quash Defendant’s Subpoenas ... [filed October 30, 2012; docket #42]
is granted as follows.
It appears the Defendant served a subpoena duces tecum on October 19, 2012 upon the
Custodian of Records for Waterous Company in St. Paul, Minnesota. See docket #42-2. The
subpoena is issued from this District and is signed by Defendant’s counsel. Id. In the subpoena,
Defendant seeks copies of settlement agreements and any information reflecting settlement
payments between the Plaintiff Barbara Church or the decedent William Church, and the recipient
of the subpoena. Id. at 9. Plaintiffs seek to quash the subpoena on the grounds that the information
sought is confidential and has no bearing on this lawsuit.
The general rule is that a party has no standing to quash a subpoena served upon a third
party, except as to claims of privilege or upon a showing that there is a privacy interest applicable.
Windsor v. Martindale, 175 F.R.D. 665, 668 (D. Colo. 1997); see also Broadcort Capital Corp. v.
Flagler Securities, Inc., 149 F.R.D. 626 (D. Colo. 1993). Because it appears that the subpoenaed
documents may contain confidential information belonging to the Plaintiffs, the Court finds they
have made the requisite showing to demonstrate standing.
The basic requirements for issuing a subpoena state that a subpoena must issue “from the
court for the district where the production or inspection is to be made.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(a)(2)(C);
United States ex rel. Pogue v. Diabetes Treatment Ctrs. of America, Inc., 444 F.3d 462, 468 (6th Cir.
2006). Plaintiff has issued a subpoena from the District of Colorado for production of documents
located in St. Paul, Minnesota. This fundamental flaw requires that the subpoena be quashed,
because this Court has no authority to enforce such a subpoena. See Morris v. Sequa, 275 F.R.D.
562, 566 (N.D. Ala. 2011) (affirming validity of subpoenas issued by plaintiffs from districts in
which the requested documents were located); Hallamore Corp. v. Capco Steel Corp., 259 F.R.D.
76, 79 (D. Del. 2009) (“Typically, a subpoena for production of documents must issue from the
district where the documents are located.”); Falicia v. Advanced Tenant Servs., 235 F.R.D. 5, 11
(D.D.C. 2006) (finding that the court in Washington, D.C. could not issue a subpoena that required
production in Maryland); Highland Tank & Mfg. Co. v. PS Int’l, Inc., 227 F.R.D. 374, 381 (W.D.
Pa. 2005) (“a district court cannot issue a subpoena ... to a non-party for the production of
documents located in another district”)1 (quoting Anderson v. Government of Virgin Islands, 180
F.R.D. 284, 289 (D.V.I. 1998)); Anderson v. Old Nat’l Bancorp., No. 02-CV-00324-R, 2011 WL
The court in Highland Tank notes persuasively that “the language of Rule 45 requiring that
the production of documents shall be issued from the court in which the records are to be produced
should be read concurrently with the underlying purposes of Rule 45.” Highland Tank, 227 F.R.D.
at 381 n.10. The Highland Tank court concludes that Rule 45's purposes in protecting the nonparty
witness and protecting the interest that an issuing court has in the enforcement of a subpoena both
justify requiring that a subpoena issue from the district in which requested documents are located.
4543194, at *4 (W.D. Ky. Sept. 28, 2011) (same).
Accordingly, for the reasons stated above, it is hereby ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ Motion
to Quash Defendant’s Subpoenas ... [filed October 30, 2012; docket #42] is granted, and the
subpoena served on the Custodian of Records for Waterous Company in St. Paul, Minnesota is
quashed.2 Nothing in this order prevents the Defendant from serving a subpoena properly in
accordance with Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(a)(2)(C), the Court’s orders and all other applicable rules.
Dated at Denver, Colorado, this 31st day of October, 2012.
BY THE COURT:
Michael E. Hegarty
United States Magistrate Judge
The Plaintiffs mention that Defendant has served similar subpoenas upon other third parties;
however, the Plaintiffs neither identify nor produce copies of such subpoenas for the Court’s
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