Dillard v. Suthers et al
ORDER Directing Plaintiff to File Amended Complaint, by Magistrate Judge Boyd N. Boland on 2/2/12. (lsw, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 11-cv-03064-BNB
PHILLIP R. DILLARD,
JOHN W. SUTHERS, Attorney General,
TOM CLEMENTS, C.D.O.C. Executive Director, and
RICHARD SMELSER, C.C.C.F. Executive Director,
ORDER DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO FILE AMENDED COMPLAINT
Plaintiff, Philip R. Dillard, is in the custody of the Colorado Department of
Corrections (DOC) and is currently incarcerated at the Crowley County Correctional
Facility in Olney Springs, Colorado. He initiated this action by filing a pro se prisoner
complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 28 U.S.C. § 1343 on November 23, 2011.
He has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis with payment of an initial
partial filing fee.
The Court must construe the complaint liberally because Plaintiff is not
represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall
v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). If the complaint reasonably can be
read “to state a valid claim on which the plaintiff could prevail, [the Court] should do so
despite the plaintiff’s failure to cite proper legal authority, his confusion of various legal
theories, his poor syntax and sentence construction, or his unfamiliarity with pleading
requirements.” Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. However, the Court should not act as an
advocate for a pro se litigant. See id. Under Section 1983, a plaintiff must allege that
the defendants have violated his or her rights under the United States Constitution while
the defendants acted under color of state law. For the reasons stated below, Mr. Dillard
will be directed to file an amended complaint.
In the amended complaint, Mr. Dillard asserts one claim. He alleges that the
DOC has labeled him as a sex offender even though he was not convicted of a sex
offense. He asserts that he has been denied parole and a preferential custody rating
due to his refusal to sign papers admitting that he is a sex offender. As relief, Plaintiff
seeks damages. However, he fails to allege the personal participation of each named
Personal participation by the named defendants is an essential allegation in a
civil rights action. See Bennett v. Passic, 545 F.2d 1260, 1262-63 (10th Cir. 1976). Id.
Mr. Dillard must show that each defendant caused the deprivation of a federal right.
See Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 166 (1985). There must be an affirmative link
between the alleged constitutional violation and each defendant’s participation, control
or direction, or failure to supervise. See Butler v. City of Norman, 992 F.2d 1053,
1055 (10th Cir. 1993). A defendant, such as Attorney General John W. Suthers or
Executive Director Tom Clements, may not be held liable merely because of his or her
supervisory position. See Pembaur v. City of Cincinnati, 475 U.S. 469, 479 (1986);
McKee v. Heggy, 703 F.2d 479, 483 (10th Cir. 1983).
Mr. Dillard fails to assert how all named Defendants personally participated in the
alleged constitutional violations. Therefore, he will be directed to file an amended
complaint that alleges how all named Defendants personally participated in the alleged
constitutional violations. The amended “complaint must explain what each defendant
did to him . . . ; when the defendant did it; how the defendant’s action harmed him . . . ;
and, what specific legal right [he] believes the defendant violated.” Nasious v. Two
Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, 492 F.3d 1158, 1163 (10th Cir. 2007).
Mr. Dillard may use fictitious names, such as Jane or John Doe, if he does not
know the real names of the individuals who allegedly violated his rights. However, if Mr.
Dillard uses fictitious names he must provide sufficient information about each
defendant so that each defendant can be identified for purposes of service.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff, Phillip R. Dillard, file within thirty (30) days from the
date of this order an amended complaint that complies with the directives in this order.
FURTHER ORDERED that it shall be titled “Amended Prisoner Complaint,” and
shall be filed with the Clerk of the Court, United States District Court for the District of
Colorado, Alfred A. Arraj United States Courthouse, 901 Nineteenth Street, A105,
Denver, Colorado 80294. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that Mr. Dillard shall obtain the court-approved Prisoner
Complaint form (with the assistance of his case manager or the facility’s legal assistant),
along with the applicable instructions, at www.cod.uscourts.gov. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that, if Mr. Dillard fails to file an amended complaint that
complies with this order within the time allowed, the complaint and the action will be
dismissed without further notice.
DATED February 2, 2012, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Boyd N. Boland
United States Magistrate Judge
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