Maxton v. USA et al
ORDER. ORDERED that the Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge 38 is AFFIRMED AND ADOPTED. ORDERED that Plaintiff's Motion for a Court Order 36 is DENIED. ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion seeking to have Magistrate Judge Tafoya removed from the case 39 is DENIED by Chief Judge Wiley Y. Daniel on 10/30/12.(jjhsl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Chief Judge Wiley Y. Daniel
Civil Action No. 12-cv-00383-WYD-KMT
THERON JOHNNY MAXTON, # 85599-071,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA;
BOP DIRECTOR, Washington, D.C.;
T.K COZZA-RHODES, Warden F.C.I.;
CHARLES DANIEL, Warden F.C.I.;
S. COLLINS, Health Service, U.S.P.;
LT. ANTHONY, U.S.P. Florence,
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion for a Court Order filed on
October 3, 2012, and his motion seeking to have Magistrate Judge Tafoya removed
from the case filed on October 22, 2012. I first address the Motion for a Court Order,
which seeks a restraining order against Defendants.
Plaintiff’s Motion for a Court Order was referred to Magistrate Judge Tafoya by
Order of Reference of April 6, 2012, and Memorandum of October 3, 2012. A
Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge was issued on October 4, 2012, in
which it was recommended that the Motion for a Court Order be denied. This was
based on the fact that Plaintiff did not show that all four elements necessary to obtain
injunctive relief were satisfied. Specifically, Magistrate Judge Tafoya found that while
Plaintiff alleges he will suffer irreparable harm without injunctive relief, he failed to
address or show a substantial likelihood of success on the merits, the balance of harm
and the impact of an injunction on the public. The Recommendation stated as to the
likelihood of success on the merits, “[g]iven the tenuous nature of the relationship
between Plaintiff’s current allegations and the claims underlying his Complaint, even
assuming the truth of the allegations Plaintiff makes here, these allegations do not tend
to make his underlying claims any more or less meritorious. (Recommendation at 2.)
Magistrate Judge Tafoya advised the parties that specific written objections were
due within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy of the Recommendation.
(Recommendation at 3.) Plaintiff’s only response was to file the motion seeking to have
Magistrate Judge Tafoya removed from the case, which I find below to be without merit.
Plaintiff did not file any specific written objections to the Recommendation. No
objections having been filed, I am vested with discretion to review the
Recommendations “under any standard [I] deem appropriate.” Summers v. Utah, 927
F.2d 1165, 1167 (10th Cir. 1991); see also Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150 (1985)
(stating that "[i]t does not appear that Congress intended to require district court review
of a magistrate's factual or legal conclusions, under a de novo or any other standard,
when neither party objects to those findings"). Nonetheless, though not required to do
so, I review the Recommendation to "satisfy [my]self that there is no clear error on the
face of the record."1 See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b) Advisory Committee Notes.
Note, this standard of review is something less than a "clearly erroneous or contrary to law"
standard of review, Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a), which in turn is less than a de novo review, Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
Having reviewed the Recommendation, I am satisfied that there is no clear error
on the face of the record. I find that Magistrate Judge Tafoya correctly identified the
factors required to obtain injunctive relief and correctly found that Plaintiff’s Motion for
Court Order did not show that all four factors were met. Accordingly, I find that the
Recommendation should be affirmed and adopted in its entirety.
I now turn to the motion asking that Magistrate Judge Tafoya be removed from
the case. Plaintiff asserts therein that he has shown how Defendants have set him up
to kill him, and that Magistrate Judge Tafoya should be removed as she is racist and
prejudiced towards prisoners. I deny this motion as the allegations are conclusory and
without merit. The only basis for the motion is that Magistrate Judge Tafoya
recommended the denial of Plaintiff’s Motion for a Court Order seeking a restraining
order against Defendants. However, this does not show any prejudice or racial bias on
the part of the magistrate judge. Instead, the recommendation to deny Plaintiff’s motion
was based on the fact that Plaintiff did not satisfy the necessary elements for obtaining
a restraining order, as discussed previously. This required that the motion for a
restraining order be denied. I also note, however, that Plaintiff made a threat to kill
Magistrate Judge Tafoya in that motion, which I have referred to the United States
Marshal Service. I leave it to Magistrate Judge Tafoya to determine whether to recuse
herself from the case based on this threat.
Based upon the foregoing, it is
ORDERED that the Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge (ECF
No. 38) is AFFIRMED AND ADOPTED. Consistent therewith, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for a Court Order (ECF No. 36) is DENIED.
FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion seeking to have Magistrate Judge
Tafoya removed from the case (ECF No. 39) is DENIED.
Dated: October 30, 2012
BY THE COURT:
s/ Wiley Y. Daniel
Wiley Y. Daniel
Chief United States District Judge
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