Maxton v. USA et al
ORDER. Ordered that Defendant United States and BOP Director's Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction 29 is DENIED AS MOOT. Ordered that Defendants Cozza Rhodes, Daniel, Collins, and Anthonys Motion for More Definite Statement 31 is G RANTED. Ordered that the Complaint 1 is STRICKEN for failure to comply with Fed. R. Civ. P. 8. Ordered that On or before April 5, 2013, the plaintiff shall submit an amended complaint that complies with Fed. R. Civ. P. 8 and this order. Ordered that the plaintiff's failure to comply with this order may result in a recommendation that the case be dismissed. Ordered that the Clerk of the Court shall enclose with this order a copy of the court's complaint form by Magistrate Judge Boyd N. Boland on 03/06/13.(jjhsl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 12-cv-00383-WYD-BNB
THERON JOHNNY MAXTON, # 85599-071,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA;
BOP DIRECTOR, Washington, D.C.;
T.K COZZA-RHODES, Warden F.C.I.;
CHARLES DANIEL, Warden F.C.I.;
S. COLLINS, Health Service, U.S.P.;
LT. ANTHONY, U.S.P. Florence,
This matter arises on the following motions filed by the defendants:
1. Defendant United States and BOP Director’s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of
Jurisdiction [Doc. #29, filed 06/25/2012] (the “Motion to Dismiss”); and
2. Defendants Cozza Rhodes, Daniel, Collins, and Anthony’s Motion for More
Definite Statement [Doc. #31, filed 07/20/2012] (the “Motion for More Definite Statement”).
The Motion for More Definite Statement [Doc. # 31] is GRANTED, and the Motion to
Dismiss [Doc. # 29] is DENIED AS MOOT.
The defendants request a more definite statement of the plaintiff’s claims pursuant to
Rule 12(e), Fed.R.Civ.P. Rule 12(e) provides that “[a] party may move for a more definite
statement of a pleading to which a responsive pleading is allowed but which is so vague or
ambiguous that the party cannot reasonably prepare a response.”
The plaintiff is proceeding pro se, and I must liberally construe his pleadings. Haines v.
Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972). I cannot act as advocate for a pro se litigant, however,
who must comply with the fundamental requirements of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991).
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that a complaint contain “(1) a short and
plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction, . . . (2) a short and plain statement of
the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief; and (3) a demand for the relief
sought . . . .” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). “[T]he only permissible pleading is a short and plain
statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief on any legally sustainable
grounds.” Blazer v. Black, 196 F.2d 139, 144 (10th Cir. 1952). “[T]o state a claim in federal
court, a complaint must explain what each defendant did to him or her; when the defendant did
it; how the defendant’s action harmed him or her, and what specific legal right the plaintiff
believes the defendant violated.” Nasious v. Two Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, 492 F.3d 1158,
1163 (10th Cir. 2007). The requirements of Rule 8(a) guarantee “that defendants enjoy fair
notice of what the claims against them are and the grounds upon which they rest.” TV
Communications Network, Inc. v. ESPN, Inc., 767 F. Supp. 1062, 1069 (D. Colo. 1991), aff'd,
964 F.2d 1022 (10th Cir. 1992). The philosophy of Rule 8(a) is reinforced by Rule 8(d)(1),
which provides that “[e]ach allegation must be simple, concise, and direct.” Taken together,
Rules 8(a) and (d)(1) underscore the emphasis placed on clarity and brevity by the federal
The plaintiff filed his Prisoner Complaint on February 13, 2012 [Doc. #1] (the
“Complaint”). The allegations of the Complaint are vague and confusing. The plaintiff
describes the nature of his case as follows:1
On August 23rd 2011 9-13-11 9-23-11 and 9-30-11 I were
Assaulted and Beaten per AHSA S. Collins having this done out of
Retaliation from complaining about a [unintelligible word] medical
kill on 2010 and per having U.S. Senator Lindsay Graham having
them send me to a urologist, twice Assistant Health Service
Administrator S. Collins tried to have me killed out of Revenge
and Retaliation with Charles Daniels help and knowledge, then on
9-30-11 S. Collins had Charles Daniels send me across the street
per 48 days, knowing [unintelligible word] end up with alot of
charges so that they can place me on a Smooth Program, I have
been threaten by AHSA S. Collins, Brad Cink, Lt. Anthony and
others official here repeatly and denied medical treatment per my
prostate and hernia I have been set up a few times to be kill and the
Regional Director and BOP Director have refuse to acknowledge
this Deputy Director Amber L Nelson done everything she could
to help Charles Daniels and S. Collins cover up the inmate death
by medical and the way I have been Beaten and Assaulted by these
Complaint, p. 3.2
The plaintiff asserts three claims, but it is impossible to discern their substance. The
plaintiff does not make clear the actions or inactions of each defendant and how those actions or
inactions violate any particular statutory or constitutional provision.
The Complaint fails to provide notice of the plaintiff’s causes of action as required by the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Accordingly, the Complaint is stricken, and the plaintiff shall
I have quoted the plaintiff’s filings as written, without correction or acknowledgment of
The Complaint is not consecutively paginated. Therefore, I cite to the pages of the
Complaint as they are assigned by the court’s docketing system.
submit an amended complaint which complies with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and this
The proposed amended complaint must be submitted on the court’s form and shall be
titled “Amended Complaint.” The background statement shall briefly summarize the plaintiff’s
case and shall not exceed one page. Each claim shall be numbered and shall be stated separately.
Each claim shall state the legal basis for the claim; identify which defendant(s) the claim is
brought against; and allege facts sufficient to state a claim for relief as to each of those
defendants. Each claim shall not exceed two pages as to each defendant against whom the claim
is brought. The proposed amended complaint shall be legible.
In the Motion to Dismiss, the United States of America and the Director of the BOP (in
his official capacity) assert that the claims against them are barred by sovereign immunity.
Motion to Dismiss, pp. 3-5. Because the Complaint is stricken, the Motion to Dismiss is denied
IT IS ORDERED:
1. Defendant United States and BOP Director’s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of
Jurisdiction [Doc. #29] is DENIED AS MOOT;
2. Defendants Cozza Rhodes, Daniel, Collins, and Anthony’s Motion for More Definite
Statement [Doc. #31] is GRANTED;
3. The Complaint [Doc. # 1] is STRICKEN for failure to comply with Fed. R. Civ. P. 8;
In Simmat v. United States Bureau of Prisons, 413 F.3d 1225 (10th Cir. 2005), the Tenth
Circuit Court of Appeals held that injunctive relief may be available against the United States
and federal officials in their official capacity. The defendants do not discuss Simmat. Any
future motions based on sovereign immunity must include a meaningful discussion of Simmat.
4. On or before April 5, 2013, the plaintiff shall submit an amended complaint that
complies with Fed. R. Civ. P. 8 and this order;
5. The plaintiff’s failure to comply with this order may result in a recommendation that
the case be dismissed; and
6. The Clerk of the Court shall enclose with this order a copy of the court’s complaint
Dated March 6, 2013.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Boyd N. Boland
United States Magistrate Judge
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