Cross v. Astrue
ORDER granting 20 Contested Motion for Attorney Fees. By Judge Robert E. Blackburn on 10/6/2014.(alowe)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge Robert E. Blackburn
Civil Action No. 12-cv-03310-REB
MARK A. CROSS,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
ORDER GRANTING CONTESTED MOTION FOR ATTORNEY’S FEES
PURSUANT TO THE EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT (EAJA) 28 U.S.C. § 2412
The matter before me is plaintiff’s Contested Motion for Attorney’s Fees
Under the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) 28 U.S.C. § 2412 [#20],1 filed June
10, 2014. I grant the motion.
In this case, plaintiff appealed the Commissioner’s decision denying plaintiff’s
application for disability insurance benefits. I found that the ALJ committed legal error in
assessing the opinions of plaintiff’s treating source and factual error in evaluating some
of the evidence going to plaintiff’s credibility. I therefore reversed the disability
determination and remanded to the Commissioner for further proceedings.
Plaintiff now seeks attorney fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act
(“EAJA”), which provides, in relevant part:
“[#20]” is an example of the convention I use to identify the docket number assigned to a
specific paper by the court’s case management and electronic case filing system (CM/ECF). I use this
convention throughout this order.
a court shall award to a prevailing party other than the
United States fees and other expenses . . . incurred by that
party in any civil action. . ., including proceedings for judicial
review of agency action, brought by or against the United
States in any court having jurisdiction of that action, unless
the court finds that the position of the United States was
substantially justified or that special circumstances make an
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A).2 As interpreted by the Supreme Court, “substantially
justified” means "’justified in substance or in the main’ – that is, justified to a degree that
could satisfy a reasonable person.” Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565, 108
S.Ct. 2541, 2550, 101 L.Ed.2d 490 (1988). Stated differently, the test is whether there
is a “reasonable basis in both law and fact” for the Commissioner’s position. Id., 108
S.Ct. at 2550; Gilbert v. Shalala, 45 F.3d 1391, 1394 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 116
S.Ct. 49 (1995). Although the term “‘substantially justified’ means, of course, more than
merely undeserving of sanctions for frivolousness,” Pierce, 108 S.Ct. at 2550, “a
position can be justified even though it is not correct, and we believe it can be
substantially (i.e., for the most part) justified if a reasonable person could think it correct,
that is, if it has a reasonable basis in law and fact,” id. at 2550 n.2. For this reason, a
finding that the Commissioner’s position was not supported by substantial evidence
does not necessarily lead to a finding that the Commissioner’s position was not
substantially justified. Hadden v. Bowen, 851 F.2d 1266, 1268-69 (10th Cir. 1988).
The Commissioner does not contest the assertion that plaintiff is a prevailing party for purposes
of the EAJA. See Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302, 113 S.Ct. 2625, 2632, 125 L.Ed.2d 239 (1993)
(party who secures remand to Commissioner under sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) is a prevailing
The Commissioner bears the burden of demonstrating that her position was
substantially justified. Gilbert, 45 F.3d at 1394. I have discretion in determining
whether this standard has been met. Pierce, 108 S.Ct. at 2548-49; Stephenson v.
Shalala, 846 F.Supp. 49, 50 (D. Kan. 1994). In exercising that discretion, I must
consider the case “as an inclusive whole, rather than as atomized line items.”
Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154, 162,
110 S.Ct. 2316, 2320, 110 L.Ed.2d 134 (1990). “Being incorrect on one point does not
translate into lacking substantial justification for one’s litigation position during the
entirety of a civil action.” Jackson v. Chater, 94 F.3d 274, 279-80 (7th Cir. 1996).
Although the Commissioner sets forth these legal precepts in her brief, she
nevertheless fails to carry her burden to demonstrate that her position “during the
entirety of the civil action” was substantially justified. The court’s central holding in this
case was that the ALJ gave plaintiff’s treating source opinion “an extremely cramped
and miserly reading” which failed adequately to account for the doctor’s unique
longitudinal perspective on plaintiff’s condition. (See Order Reversing Disability
Decision and Remanding to Commissioner at 8 [#17], filed March 12, 2014.)
Although the Commissioner suggests that it was reasonable to argue that the ALJ’s
decision to afford this opinion “limited” weight in light of the other two medical opinions
of record, she fails to support that assertion with any argument whatsoever.3 Moreover,
her attempt to argue that the ALJ may discredit a physician’s opinion because it relies
The court noted further that the ALJ had failed to “specifically compare these assessments with
[the treating source opinion], or even note the ways in which the opinions were consistent or contradicted
with one another.” (Order Reversing Disability Decision and Remanding to Commissioner at 9 n.6
[#17], filed March 12, 2014.)
on a claimant’s subjective complaints (which the ALJ herself found unworthy of
credence) is directly contrary to the law of this circuit.4 Nieto v. Heckler, 750 F.2d 59,
61-62 (10th Cir. 1984) (noting that a medical opinion “includes an evaluation of the
patient's medical history and the physician's observations of the patient, and necessarily
involves an evaluation of the credibility of the patient's subjective complaints of pain.
medical opinion based on all of these factors is medical evidence supporting a claim of
The Commissioner therefore has failed to meet her burden of proof on the issue
of substantial justification. Accordingly, plaintiff is entitled to an award of attorney fees.
Plaintiff requests attorney fees in the amount of $8,692.96 representing 50.93 hours of
attorney time.5 The Commissioner presents no argument that the total amount of time
expended or the total amount of fees requested is unreasonable. Moreover, my own
experience suggests that the hours expended are reasonable and the fees requested
comparable to awards made under the EAJA in similar cases. I therefore find and
conclude that plaintiff is entitled to the entirety of his requested fees.
In Raymond v. Astrue, 621 F.3d 1269 (10th Cir. 2009), cited by the Commissioner in support of
this assertion, the medical source opinion was found to be brief and conclusory, inter alia, because it
merely listed the claimant’s complaints. See id. at 1272. By contrast, the ALJ here appeared to have
discredited plaintiff based on her own subjective assessment of the validity of plaintiff’s complaints. The
Commissioner’s attempt to distinguish the well-settled authority on this point (McGoffin v. Barnhart, 288
F.3d 1248 (10th Cir. 2002)), on its facts is utterly specious.
Plaintiff’s request includes a request for an a cost-of-living adjustment to the statutory rate for
each year. “Except in unusual circumstances, a COLA should be freely given to plaintiffs applying for
attorneys' fees under EAJA.” Greenhill v. United States,. 96 Fed. Cl. 771, 783 (Fed. Cl. 2001). See also
Baker v. Bowen, 839 F.2d 1075, 1084 (5th Cir. 1988); see also Payne v. Sullivan, 977 F.2d 900, 903 &
n.2 (4th Cir. 1992). The Commissioner presents no argument suggesting that this case presents such an
unusual circumstance, and the adjustment therefore will be applied in calculating plaintiff’s award.
THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED as follows:
1. That plaintiff’s Contested Motion for Attorney’s Fees Under the Equal
Access to Justice Act (EAJA) 28 U.S.C. § 2412 [#20], filed June 10, 2014, is
2. That under the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A),
plaintiff is AWARDED attorney fees of $8,692.96.
Dated October 6, 2014, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
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